Photo de l'auteur

Herman Melville (1819–1891)

Auteur de Moby Dick

643+ oeuvres 66,628 utilisateurs 1,018 critiques 254 Favoris
Il y a 1 discussion ouverte sur cet auteur. Voir maintenant.

A propos de l'auteur

Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 - September 28, 1891) was born into a seemingly secure, prosperous world, a descendant of prominent Dutch and English families long established in New York State. That security vanished when first, the family business failed, and then, two years later, in young afficher plus Melville's thirteenth year, his father died. Without enough money to gain the formal education that professions required, Melville was thrown on his own resources and in 1841 sailed off on a whaling ship bound for the South Seas. His experiences at sea during the next four years were to form in part the basis of his best fiction. Melville's first two books, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847), were partly romance and partly autobiographical travel books set in the South Seas. Both were popular successes, particularly Typee, which included a stay among cannibals and a romance with a South Sea maiden. During the next several years, Melville published three more romances that drew upon his experiences at sea: Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), both fairly realistic accounts of the sailor's life and depicting the loss of innocence of central characters; and Mardi (1849), which, like the other two books, began as a romance of adventure but turned into an allegorical critique of contemporary American civilization. Moby Dick (1851) also began as an adventure story, based on Melville's experiences aboard the whaling ship. However, in the writing of it inspired in part by conversations with his friend and neighbor Hawthorne and partly by his own irrepressible imagination and reading of Shakespeare and other Renaissance dramatists Melville turned the book into something so strange that, when it appeared in print, many of his readers and critics were dumbfounded, even outraged. By the mid-1850s, Melville's literary reputation was all but destroyed, and he was obliged to live the rest of his life taking whatever jobs he could find and borrowing money from relatives, who fortunately were always in a position to help him. He continued to write, however, and published some marvelous short fiction pieces Benito Cereno" (1855) and "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) are the best. He also published several volumes of poetry, the most important of which was Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866), poems of occasionally great power that were written in response to the moral challenge of the Civil War. His posthumously published work, Billy Budd (1924), on which he worked up until the time of his death, became Melville's last significant literary work, a brilliant short novel that movingly describes a young sailor's imprisonment and death. Melville's reputation, however, rests most solidly on his great epic romance, Moby Dick. It is a difficult as well as a brilliant book, and many critics have offered interpretations of its complicated ambiguous symbolism. Darrel Abel briefly summed up Moby Dick as "the story of an attempt to search the unsearchable ways of God," although the book has historical, political, and moral implications as well. Melville died at his home in New York City early on the morning of September 28, 1891, at age 72. The doctor listed "cardiac dilation" on the death certificate. He was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York, along with his wife, Elizabeth Shaw Melville. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

Séries

Œuvres de Herman Melville

Moby Dick (1851) 35,118 exemplaires
Bartleby, le scribe (1853) 2,840 exemplaires
Billy Budd, marin (1924) 2,588 exemplaires
Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life (1846) 2,149 exemplaires
Billy Budd and Other Stories (1924) 1,987 exemplaires
Moby-Dick [Norton Critical Edition] (1851) 1,229 exemplaires
Le Grand Escroc (1857) 1,197 exemplaires
Billy Budd and Other Tales (1961) 945 exemplaires
Bartleby / Benito Cereno (1853) 935 exemplaires
Pierre ou les ambiguïtés (1852) 743 exemplaires
Benito Cereno (1855) 675 exemplaires
Melville: Typee, Omoo, Mardi (1982) 621 exemplaires
La vareuse blanche (1850) 606 exemplaires
Great Short Works of Herman Melville (1966) 576 exemplaires
Redburn, ou, Sa première croisière (1849) 566 exemplaires
Graphic Classics: Moby Dick (2002) 544 exemplaires
Omoo (1847) 494 exemplaires
Four Great American Classics (1969) 322 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1949) 293 exemplaires
Israël Potter (1950) 267 exemplaires
Billy Budd / Benito Cereno (1855) — Auteur — 265 exemplaires
The Complete Shorter Fiction (1997) 240 exemplaires
Mardi (1849) 233 exemplaires
Billy Budd and The Piazza Tales (1961) 181 exemplaires
The Shorter Novels of Herman Melville (1928) — Auteur — 166 exemplaires
Poèmes de guerre (1866) 157 exemplaires
The Portable Melville (1952) 153 exemplaires
Moby-Dick or, The Whale (2006) 141 exemplaires
Four Short Novels (1959) 141 exemplaires
The Maldive Shark (1600) 141 exemplaires
Tales, Poems, and Other Writings (2001) 140 exemplaires
Moby Dick II (1851) 118 exemplaires
Classics Illustrated: Moby Dick (graphic adaptation by Bill Sienkiewicz) (1990) — Original Author — 109 exemplaires
Les îles enchantées (1854) 108 exemplaires
Billy Budd & Typee (1958) 98 exemplaires
Moby Dick I (1851) 97 exemplaires
Moby Dick, Billy Budd (1984) 76 exemplaires
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 2 (2020) — Contributeur — 69 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1998) 62 exemplaires
Moby Dick : Coffret en 2 volumes : Avec 3 ex-libris inclus (2014) — Source Author — 60 exemplaires
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contributeur — 56 exemplaires
Moi et ma cheminee (1984) 49 exemplaires
Works of Herman Melville (1987) 49 exemplaires
Selected Poems of Herman Melville (1964) 49 exemplaires
Moby Dick (Graphic Classics) (2008) 47 exemplaires
Best of Herman Melville (1984) 40 exemplaires
Billy Budd and The Encantadas (1966) 40 exemplaires
Moby Dick [Penguin Readers] (2006) 40 exemplaires
On the Slain Collegians (1971) 27 exemplaires
John Marr and Other Poems (1888) 26 exemplaires
Classics Illustrated: Moby Dick (1851) 25 exemplaires
Billy Budd [Macmillan Readers] (1999) 25 exemplaires
Cuentos completos (1900) 24 exemplaires
Selected Poems of Herman Melville (1991) 23 exemplaires
21 Essential American Short Stories (2011) — Contributeur — 22 exemplaires
Moby Dick (Now Age Books) (1973) 18 exemplaires
Three American Poets (2003) 17 exemplaires
Trois nouvelles doubles (1967) 16 exemplaires
Collected poems of Herman Melville (1947) 16 exemplaires
The Lightning-Rod Man (1982) 16 exemplaires
Short Stories (1996) 13 exemplaires
Selected poems (1995) 12 exemplaires
Herman Melville: voyages (1970) 12 exemplaires
The Piazza [short story] (2009) 11 exemplaires
Opere scelte vol. 1 (1990) 11 exemplaires
Moby Dick [adapted - Saddleback Illustrated Classics] (1999) — Original Author — 11 exemplaires
Billy Budd, marin / Daniel Orme (1980) 10 exemplaires
Bartleby, el escribiente (2007) 8 exemplaires
Opere scelte vol. 2 (1990) 8 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1984) 8 exemplaires
Ein Leben: Briefe und Tagebücher (2004) 8 exemplaires
Journal Up the Straits (1935) 8 exemplaires
The Bell-Tower (2019) 7 exemplaires
Poems of Herman Melville (1976) 6 exemplaires
Diario italiano (2011) 6 exemplaires
Redburn, Vareuse-Blanche : Oeuvres, II (2004) — Auteur — 6 exemplaires
Le Paradis des célibataires (2002) 6 exemplaires
Hawthorne and His Mosses (2014) 6 exemplaires
Viajar (2011) 6 exemplaires
The Whaling Story from Moby Dick (1932) 5 exemplaires
Poesie di guerra e di mare (1995) 5 exemplaires
Moby Dick (Illustrated Classics) (2010) 5 exemplaires
El estafador y sus disfraces (1980) 4 exemplaires
Typee & Omoo (2014) 4 exemplaires
Moby Dick (French Edition) (2004) 4 exemplaires
Romance of Herman Melville (1931) 4 exemplaires
Herman Melville Collection (2008) 4 exemplaires
Moby Dick (Spanish Edition) (2014) 4 exemplaires
Obras Completas I (2005) 4 exemplaires
Œuvres, tome 1 (1997) 4 exemplaires
Putnam's monthly 3 exemplaires
L'intégrale des nouvelles (2021) 3 exemplaires
Chowder (American Roots) (2014) 3 exemplaires
Pierre ya da Belirsizlikler (2006) 3 exemplaires
Timoléon (French Edition) (1970) 3 exemplaires
Preferiría no hacerlo (2009) 3 exemplaires
Racconti (1853) 3 exemplaires
Typee / Omoo / Weißjacke (1991) 3 exemplaires
The Fiddler (2013) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick: CD ROM (2008) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick (abridged) (1969) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1991) 3 exemplaires
Billy Budd and Other Tales (1970) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1987) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick (2000) 3 exemplaires
LEJOS DE LA TIERRA Y OTROS POEMAS (2013) 3 exemplaires
L'impostore: una mascherata (1998) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1992) 2 exemplaires
The Piazza Tales (2001) 2 exemplaires
Le encantadas o isole incantate (2010) 2 exemplaires
Veranda Oykuleri (2014) 2 exemplaires
JAQUETA BRANCA (2017) 2 exemplaires
Short Fiction 2 exemplaires
Vareuse-Blanche (2020) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick 2 exemplaires
Meistererzählungen (detebe) (2011) 2 exemplaires
Cuentos de la Veranda (1997) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick. Oscar Junior (2019) 2 exemplaires
Melville on Melville 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick = Moby Dick (2018) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick - Texte abrégé (2014) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick Libro secondo (1993) 2 exemplaires
Obras completas . III (2005) 2 exemplaires
El jugador 2 exemplaires
Five tales (2000) 2 exemplaires
Emoji Dick; Or, 🐳 (2010) 2 exemplaires
The Herman Melville Collection (2016) 2 exemplaires
MOBY DICK Illustrated 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1980) 2 exemplaires
První plavba (1849) 2 exemplaires
Modydick 2 exemplaires
John Marr (1922) 2 exemplaires
La veranda (2016) 2 exemplaires
Nowele i opowiadania (2020) 2 exemplaires
Poésies (2022) 1 exemplaire
El timador (1976) 1 exemplaire
Bartleby, el passant (1988) 1 exemplaire
Paraiso de canibais 1 exemplaire
Raj ľudožrútov 1 exemplaire
“The Martyr” 1 exemplaire
MOBY DICK 1 1 exemplaire
MOBY DICK 2 1 exemplaire
Art 1 exemplaire
PACHUCHE BET 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick 35/22N 1 exemplaire
Moby-Dick; or, The Whale (1387) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick'1 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick 1 exemplaire
Ca Voi Trang 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (2 Vols) (1929) 1 exemplaire
MOby Dick, dio 2 (2004) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick, dio 1 (2004) 1 exemplaire
The complete stories 1 exemplaire
(all) 1 exemplaire
Fives Tales 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick Filet (2015) 1 exemplaire
אוסף סיפורי ים ונהר אחד — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Covek od poverenja 1 exemplaire
Annales 1 exemplaire
Billy Budd, Sailor (Annotated) (2016) 1 exemplaire
Las Encantadas 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick Vol.2 1 exemplaire
Pezzi di mare: poesie (2011) 1 exemplaire
Les encantades (2022) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick "Moby Dick" 1 exemplaire
Cetologia 1 exemplaire
Izrael Potter 1 exemplaire
Čovek od poverenja 1 exemplaire
Profili di donne 1 exemplaire
Il violinista (2012) 1 exemplaire
Benito Centeno 1 exemplaire
Billy Budd #T510 1 exemplaire
Bartleby, el escribiente (2019) 1 exemplaire
The 'Gees 1 exemplaire
Jimmy Rose 1 exemplaire
MOBY DICK, RAGAZZINI 1 exemplaire
Toplu Öyküler (2019) 1 exemplaire
Timoleon etc. (1891) 1 exemplaire
Le Campanile 1 exemplaire
Typee & The Story of Toby (2012) 1 exemplaire
Short novels 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick : [version abrégée] (1997) 1 exemplaire
Modern Masquerade 1 exemplaire
Bartleby (film) 1 exemplaire
Poèmes divers: (1876-1891) (1991) 1 exemplaire
Classic Comics: Moby Dick (1991) 1 exemplaire
Raj ľudožrútov 1 exemplaire
Works 16 vols 1 exemplaire
Shorter Novels 1 exemplaire
Complete Stories 1 exemplaire
Four novels 1 exemplaire
The Tragedy of Mind (1945) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick [Audible] 1 exemplaire
Zomby Dick or, The Undead Whale (2012) 1 exemplaire
A bord (2004) 1 exemplaire
Erzählungen. 1 exemplaire
Melville: Six Short Novels (1975) 1 exemplaire
Contos 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick Libro terzo 1 exemplaire
"Shiloh" 1 exemplaire
10 Books by Melville 1 exemplaire
Opere scelte (1991) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (Abridged) (1962) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (Picture Books) (1997) 1 exemplaire
Oszust (2019) 1 exemplaire
Recontar - Moby Dick (2009) 1 exemplaire
Bartleby up Platt (2017) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick vagy (2012) 1 exemplaire
Maldive Shark 1 exemplaire
Derniers poèmes (2010) 1 exemplaire
Cojocelul alb 1 exemplaire
Obras completas (2005) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (1991) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick - vol. 26 1 exemplaire
Má první plavba 1 exemplaire
Pierre o delle ambiguità (2015) 1 exemplaire
Redburn Illustrated (2020) 1 exemplaire
Hôtel de la baleine (2015) 1 exemplaire
Obras 1 exemplaire
Moby-Dick (Oberon Modern Plays) (2013) 1 exemplaire
Masa din lemn de mar 1 exemplaire
En ¤pibe kanaster og en RedEye (2015) 1 exemplaire
El embaucador 1 exemplaire
Ne Denizsiz Ne Tütünsüz (2014) 1 exemplaire
Uncollected Poems 1 exemplaire
Timoleon and Other Ventures (2015) 1 exemplaire
Four Complete American Novels (1960) 1 exemplaire
GK - Moby Dick (2015) 1 exemplaire
Moby-Dick, etc 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick . Volumen I 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick, 2 tomos (1989) 1 exemplaire

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Étiqueté

Partage des connaissances

Nom canonique
Melville, Herman
Nom légal
Melville, Herman
Autres noms
Melvill, Herman [birth name/original spelling]
Date de naissance
1819-08-01
Date de décès
1891-09-28
Lieu de sépulture
Cimetière de Woodlawn, Bronx, New York, Etats-Unis
Sexe
male
Nationalité
Etats-Unis
Pays (pour la carte)
Etats-Unis
Lieu de naissance
New York, New York, Etats-Unis
Lieu du décès
New York, New York, Etats-Unis
Cause du décès
cardiovascular disease
Lieux de résidence
New York, New York, USA [1819-1830]
Albany, New York, USA [1830-1838]
Troy, New York, USA [1838]
merchantman St. Lawrence [1839]
whaling ship Acushnet [1841]
whaling ship Charles & Henry (tout afficher 7)
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, USA
Études
New York Male School (1825)
Columbia Grammar School (1829-1830)
Albany Classical School (1835)
Albany Academy (1830-1831)
Albany Academy (1836-1837)
Lansingburgh Acadamy (1838)
Professions
bank clerk (1832-1834)
sailor
harpooner, whaleship Charles & Henry
farm hand (1834-1835)
novelist
Customs inspector, New York, New York, USA (tout afficher 10)
clerk (1832-1834)
bookkeeper (1935-1937)
teacher (1837)
teacher (1839-1840)
Relations
Metcalf, Paul (Arrière petit-fils)
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (Ami)
Dana, Richard Henry (Ami)
Courte biographie
Herman Melville, American author, was born in New York City on the 1st of August 1819. He shipped as a cabin-boy at the age of eighteen, thus being enabled to make his first visit to England, and at twenty-two sailed for a long whaling cruise in the Pacific. After a year and a half he deserted his ship at the Marquesas Islands, on account of the cruelty of the captain; was captured by cannibals on the island of Nukahiva, and detained, without hardship, four months; was rescued by the crew of an Australian vessel, which he joined, and two years later reached New York. Thereafter, with the exception of a passenger voyage around the world in 1860, Melville remained in the United States, devoting himself to literature -- though for a considerable period (1866-1885) he held a post in the New York custom-house -- and being perhaps Hawthorne's most intimate friend among the literary men of America. His writings were numerous, but judged of varying merit by his contemporaries; his verse, patriotic and other was forgotten; and his works of fiction and of travel were deemed of irregular execution. Nevertheless, few authors have been enabled so freely to introduce romantic personal experiences into their books. He portrayed seafaring life and character with vigour and originality, and from a personal knowledge equal to that of Cooper, Marryat or Clark Russell. But these records of adventure were followed by other tales that his contemporaries found so turgid, eccentric, opinionative, and loosely written as to seem the work of another author. He died a failed author in New York on the 28th of September 1891. The 20th century's collective reassessment of his work is much more favorable, and he is now classed among the greatest American writers.

Membres

Discussions

Price for Moby Dick à George Macy devotees (Mai 2023)
Moby Dick à Folio Society Devotees (Février 2017)
The Great White Whale: Cynara and PurlPoet read Moby Dick à 75 Books Challenge for 2014 (Août 2014)
Moby Dick à Writer-readers (Avril 2013)
To the Sea! à Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (Janvier 2012)
***Group Read: Moby Dick (Spoiler Free) à 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Octobre 2010)
Moby Dick à Someone explain it to me... (Juillet 2010)
Pierre: or, Bucolic Reading à Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (Décembre 2009)

Critiques

 
Signalé
jmv55 | 95 autres critiques | Mar 12, 2022 |
Un petit classique – tout petit – qui était cité de nombreuses fois dans la bio de Anémone et qui avait titillé ma curiosité.

Une nouvelle touchante, absurde, drôle et triste, l’histoire d’un homme qui préférerait juste rester là
 
Signalé
noid.ch | 95 autres critiques | Sep 21, 2021 |
> Nuit blanche, No. 14 (juin–juillet–août 1984), p. 32. … ; (en ligne),
URL : https://id.erudit.org/iderudit/20178ac
 
Signalé
Joop-le-philosophe | Jan 20, 2021 |
> Herman Melville : Mardi, traduit par Rose Celli (Gallimard).
Se reporter au compte rendu de Jean-François ROLLIN
In: Revue Esprit Nouvelle série, No. 378 (2) (Février 1969), pp. 343-347… ; (en ligne),
URL : https://esprit.presse.fr/article/rollin-jean-francois/herman-melville-mardi-1879...… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
Joop-le-philosophe | 4 autres critiques | Jan 20, 2021 |

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Jane Austen Contributor
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D. H. Lawrence Contributor
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Tom Quirk Commentary, Editor, Contributor
Thomas Trent Translator
Pauline Kael Contributor
R. W. B. Lewis Afterword, Editor
John Updike Introduction
Dennis Marnon Contributor
John W. Shroeder Contributor
Stephen D. Hoy Contributor
Abraham Tucker Contributor
Jonathan A. Cook Contributor
Orville Dewey Contributor
Susan M. Ryan Contributor
Scott Norsworthy Contributor
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Brian Higgins Contributor
Carl Van Vechten Contributor
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Thomas L. McHaney Contributor
Henry Scott Tuke Cover artist
Lalit Kumar Illustrator
Daniel G. Hoffman Contributor
Hermann Fay Illustrator
Al Fiorentino Illustrator
James Prunier Illustrator
Bruce Hodges Activities by
Erez Volk Translator
Mead Schaeffer Illustrator
Joyce Carol Oates Introduction
Jody Hewgill Cover artist
Cesare Pavese Translator
Alfred Kazin Introduction
Kurt Schmischke Illustrator
Phoebe Judge Narrator
Andrew Delbanco Introduction
Frank Muller Narrator
Hans Seiffert Übersetzer
Alice Seiffert Übersetzer
Barry Moser Illustrator
Rockwell Kent Illustrator
Paul Boehmer Narrator
Klaus Buhlert Director
Matthias Jendis Translator
Irene Hirsch Translator
Nathaniel Philbrick Introduction
Tony Millionaire Illustrator
William M. Gibson Introduction
Clifton Fadiman Introduction
Garrick Palmer Illustrator
Fritz Güttinger Translator
David Herd Introduction
Nemi D'Agostino Translator
Boardman Robinson Illustrator
Robert Gibbings Introduction, Illustrator
Johan M. Palm Translator
Sabine Wilharm Illustrator
Auke Leistra Translator
Piet Clement Illustrator
Richard Moering Translator
William Plomer Introduction
坂下 昇 Translator
Ilse Hecht Translator
William Hodges Cover artist
Jacques Boullaire Illustrator
Klaus Ensikat Illustrator
Maurice Sendak Illustrator
Roy Fuller Introduction
William Thorp Afterword
Julian Markels Introduction
Pierre Leyris Translator
Christa Schuenke Übersetzer
Elizabeth Hardwick Introduction
Edward Gorey Cover artist
Robert Shore Illustrator
Maxwell Geismar Introduction
Bill Bragg Illustrator
Peter Coviello Introduction
Jay Leyda Editor
John Arcudi Foreword
Laure Dupont Translator
Antonio Frasconi Cover designer
Pascal Cloëtta Illustrator
T. Johnson Front cover illustration
Gianni De Conno Illustrator
Hans Paetsch Narrator
Bruguera Editor
Rex Warner Introduction

Statistiques

Œuvres
643
Aussi par
132
Membres
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Popularité
#204
Évaluation
3.8
Critiques
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ISBN
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