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Herman Melville (1819–1891)

Auteur de Moby Dick

671+ oeuvres 68,515 utilisateurs 1,025 critiques 257 Favoris
Il y a 1 discussion ouverte sur cet auteur. Voir maintenant.

A propos de l'auteur

Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 - September 28, 1891) was born into a seemingly secure, prosperous world, a descendant of prominent Dutch and English families long established in New York State. That security vanished when first, the family business failed, and then, two years later, in young afficher plus Melville's thirteenth year, his father died. Without enough money to gain the formal education that professions required, Melville was thrown on his own resources and in 1841 sailed off on a whaling ship bound for the South Seas. His experiences at sea during the next four years were to form in part the basis of his best fiction. Melville's first two books, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847), were partly romance and partly autobiographical travel books set in the South Seas. Both were popular successes, particularly Typee, which included a stay among cannibals and a romance with a South Sea maiden. During the next several years, Melville published three more romances that drew upon his experiences at sea: Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), both fairly realistic accounts of the sailor's life and depicting the loss of innocence of central characters; and Mardi (1849), which, like the other two books, began as a romance of adventure but turned into an allegorical critique of contemporary American civilization. Moby Dick (1851) also began as an adventure story, based on Melville's experiences aboard the whaling ship. However, in the writing of it inspired in part by conversations with his friend and neighbor Hawthorne and partly by his own irrepressible imagination and reading of Shakespeare and other Renaissance dramatists Melville turned the book into something so strange that, when it appeared in print, many of his readers and critics were dumbfounded, even outraged. By the mid-1850s, Melville's literary reputation was all but destroyed, and he was obliged to live the rest of his life taking whatever jobs he could find and borrowing money from relatives, who fortunately were always in a position to help him. He continued to write, however, and published some marvelous short fiction pieces Benito Cereno" (1855) and "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) are the best. He also published several volumes of poetry, the most important of which was Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866), poems of occasionally great power that were written in response to the moral challenge of the Civil War. His posthumously published work, Billy Budd (1924), on which he worked up until the time of his death, became Melville's last significant literary work, a brilliant short novel that movingly describes a young sailor's imprisonment and death. Melville's reputation, however, rests most solidly on his great epic romance, Moby Dick. It is a difficult as well as a brilliant book, and many critics have offered interpretations of its complicated ambiguous symbolism. Darrel Abel briefly summed up Moby Dick as "the story of an attempt to search the unsearchable ways of God," although the book has historical, political, and moral implications as well. Melville died at his home in New York City early on the morning of September 28, 1891, at age 72. The doctor listed "cardiac dilation" on the death certificate. He was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York, along with his wife, Elizabeth Shaw Melville. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

Séries

Œuvres de Herman Melville

Moby Dick (1851) 35,950 exemplaires, 537 critiques
Bartleby, le scribe (1853) 2,917 exemplaires, 96 critiques
Billy Budd, marin (1924) 2,664 exemplaires, 53 critiques
Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life (1846) 2,193 exemplaires, 39 critiques
Billy Budd and Other Stories (1924) 2,039 exemplaires, 14 critiques
Moby-Dick [Norton Critical Edition] (1851) 1,249 exemplaires, 9 critiques
Le Grand Escroc (1857) 1,227 exemplaires, 14 critiques
Billy Budd and Other Tales (1961) 966 exemplaires, 11 critiques
Bartleby / Benito Cereno (1853) 949 exemplaires, 12 critiques
Moby Dick [adapted - Great Illustrated Classics] (1851) 790 exemplaires, 12 critiques
Pierre ou les ambiguïtés (1852) 752 exemplaires, 4 critiques
Benito Cereno (1855) 703 exemplaires, 25 critiques
Melville: Typee, Omoo, Mardi (1982) 629 exemplaires, 5 critiques
La vareuse blanche (1850) 625 exemplaires, 5 critiques
Great Short Works of Herman Melville (1966) 588 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Redburn, ou, Sa première croisière (1849) 580 exemplaires, 6 critiques
Graphic Classics: Moby Dick (2002) 538 exemplaires, 14 critiques
Omoo (1847) 508 exemplaires, 8 critiques
Four Great American Classics (1969) 334 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1949) 307 exemplaires, 7 critiques
Israël Potter (1950) 274 exemplaires, 1 critique
Melville's Short Novels [Norton Critical Edition] (2001) 270 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Billy Budd / Benito Cereno (1855) — Auteur — 268 exemplaires, 3 critiques
Billy Budd, Bartleby, and Other Stories (2016) 263 exemplaires, 1 critique
Moby-Dick (Penguin Classics) [abridged audiobook] (2005) 244 exemplaires, 4 critiques
Mardi (1849) 242 exemplaires, 5 critiques
The Complete Shorter Fiction (1997) 242 exemplaires
Bartleby / Benito Cereno / Billy Budd (1853) 237 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Moby Dick [adapted - Treasury of Illustrated Classics] (2000) 216 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Bartleby / The Lightning-Rod Man (1853) 210 exemplaires, 4 critiques
Billy Budd and The Piazza Tales (1961) 189 exemplaires
The Shorter Novels of Herman Melville (1942) — Auteur — 169 exemplaires, 1 critique
Billy Budd & Other Stories (Wordsworth Classics) (1998) 167 exemplaires, 1 critique
Poèmes de guerre (1866) 161 exemplaires
The Maldive Shark (1600) 156 exemplaires, 5 critiques
The Portable Melville (1952) 154 exemplaires, 1 critique
Tales, Poems, and Other Writings (2001) 146 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Four Short Novels (1959) 143 exemplaires, 3 critiques
Moby-Dick or, The Whale (2006) 141 exemplaires
Moby-Dick: A Longman Critical Edition (2007) 128 exemplaires, 5 critiques
Moby Dick II (1851) 122 exemplaires, 1 critique
Moby-Dick [abridged - Classic Starts] (2010) 120 exemplaires, 1 critique
Les îles enchantées (1854) 116 exemplaires, 1 critique
Classics Illustrated: Moby Dick (graphic adaptation by Bill Sienkiewicz) (1990) — Original Author — 110 exemplaires, 4 critiques
Clarel: A Poem and Pilgrimage in the Holy Land (1959) 105 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Billy Budd & Typee (1958) 100 exemplaires
Moby Dick I (1851) 99 exemplaires
Moby Dick [adapted - Dalmatian Press] (2001) 91 exemplaires, 1 critique
Moby Dick, Billy Budd (1984) 79 exemplaires, 2 critiques
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 2 (2020) — Contributeur — 72 exemplaires
Moby Dick : Coffret en 2 volumes : Avec 3 ex-libris inclus (2014) — Source Author — 68 exemplaires, 6 critiques
Moby Dick (1998) 67 exemplaires, 4 critiques
Moby Dick [adapted - Great Classics for Children] (2004) 65 exemplaires, 2 critiques
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contributeur — 61 exemplaires
Works of Herman Melville (1987) 54 exemplaires, 1 critique
Selected Poems (Melville, Herman) (Penguin Classics) (2006) 51 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Moi et ma cheminee (1984) 49 exemplaires, 1 critique
Selected Poems of Herman Melville (1964) 49 exemplaires, 1 critique
Moby Dick (Graphic Classics) (2008) 48 exemplaires
Moby Dick (Barron's Graphic Classics) (2007) 44 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Best of Herman Melville (1984) 43 exemplaires
Billy Budd and The Encantadas (1966) 42 exemplaires
Moby Dick [Penguin Readers] (2006) 40 exemplaires, 8 critiques
Herman Melville's Moby Dick [abridged audio] (1978) 37 exemplaires, 1 critique
On the Slain Collegians (1971) 28 exemplaires
Cuentos completos (1900) 27 exemplaires
21 Essential American Short Stories (2011) — Contributeur — 27 exemplaires, 1 critique
Classics Illustrated: Moby Dick (1851) 26 exemplaires
John Marr and Other Poems (1888) 26 exemplaires, 1 critique
Eight Great American Short Novels (1963) 25 exemplaires
Billy Budd [Macmillan Readers] (1999) 25 exemplaires, 9 critiques
Selected Poems of Herman Melville (1991) 24 exemplaires
Moby Dick (2002) 24 exemplaires
The Paradise of Bachelors and the Tartarus of Maids (2009) 22 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Moby Dick (Now Age Books) (1973) 19 exemplaires, 1 critique
Three American Poets (2003) 18 exemplaires
Trois nouvelles doubles (1967) 16 exemplaires, 1 critique
The Lightning-Rod Man (1982) 16 exemplaires
Collected poems of Herman Melville (1947) 16 exemplaires
Typee: Volume One, Scholarly Edition (Melville) (1968) 15 exemplaires, 1 critique
Short Stories (1996) 13 exemplaires
Moby Dick: Upper Level (Macmillan Readers) (2008) 12 exemplaires, 1 critique
Mardi: and A Voyage Thither, Vol. I (2010) 12 exemplaires, 1 critique
Herman Melville: voyages (1970) 12 exemplaires
Moby Dick [adapted - Saddleback Illustrated Classics] (1999) — Original Author — 12 exemplaires
Billy Budd, Sailor [Penguin Readers] (2000) 12 exemplaires, 1 critique
Selected poems (1995) 12 exemplaires
The Piazza [short story] (2009) 12 exemplaires
Opere scelte vol. 1 (1990) 11 exemplaires
Billy Budd, marin / Daniel Orme (1980) 10 exemplaires
The Bell-Tower (2019) 9 exemplaires, 1 critique
Ein Leben: Briefe und Tagebücher (2004) 9 exemplaires
Journal Up the Straits (1935) 8 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1984) 8 exemplaires
Opere scelte vol. 2 (1990) 8 exemplaires
Herman Melville (Obras selectas series) (2004) 7 exemplaires, 1 critique
Norfolk Isle & the Chola widow 7 exemplaires, 1 critique
Diario italiano (2011) 7 exemplaires
Redburn, Vareuse-Blanche : Oeuvres, II (2004) — Auteur — 6 exemplaires
Poems of Herman Melville (1976) 6 exemplaires
Viajar (2011) 6 exemplaires, 1 critique
Le Paradis des célibataires (2002) 6 exemplaires
Moby Dick (Illustrated Classics) (2010) 5 exemplaires
Moby Dick (French Edition) (2004) 5 exemplaires
The Whaling Story from Moby Dick (1932) 5 exemplaires
Great Masters Library: Herman Melville (1987) 5 exemplaires, 1 critique
Poesie di guerra e di mare (1995) 5 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1992) 5 exemplaires
Hawthorne and His Mosses (2014) 5 exemplaires
Romance of Herman Melville (1931) 4 exemplaires
Œuvres, tome 1 (1997) 4 exemplaires
Chowder (American Roots) (2014) 4 exemplaires
Herman Melville Collection (2008) 4 exemplaires
Moby Dick (Spanish Edition) (2014) 4 exemplaires
Obras Completas I (2005) 4 exemplaires
El estafador y sus disfraces (1980) 4 exemplaires
Typee & Omoo (2014) 4 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1987) 3 exemplaires
Bartleby / Billy Budd (2014) 3 exemplaires
L'intégrale des nouvelles (2021) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1991) 3 exemplaires
Nowele i opowiadania (2020) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick (2000) 3 exemplaires
Timoléon (French Edition) (1970) 3 exemplaires
Pierre ya da Belirsizlikler (2006) 3 exemplaires
Preferiría no hacerlo (2009) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick: CD ROM (2008) 3 exemplaires
JAQUETA BRANCA (2017) 3 exemplaires
LEJOS DE LA TIERRA Y OTROS POEMAS (2013) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick (abridged) (1969) 3 exemplaires
Billy Budd and Other Tales (1970) 3 exemplaires
The Fiddler (2013) 3 exemplaires
Putnam's monthly 3 exemplaires
Typee / Omoo / Weißjacke (1970) 3 exemplaires
Racconti (1853) 3 exemplaires
Moby Dick 2 exemplaires
Meistererzählungen (detebe) (2011) 2 exemplaires
Vareuse-Blanche (2020) 2 exemplaires
Short Fiction 2 exemplaires
Ahab, der Kapitän (1972) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick - Texte abrégé (2014) 2 exemplaires
Le encantadas o isole incantate (2010) 2 exemplaires
Obras completas, 3 vols. (2005) 2 exemplaires
Veranda Oykuleri (2014) 2 exemplaires
MOBY DICK Illustrated 2 exemplaires
The Piazza Tales (2001) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick (1980) 2 exemplaires
La veranda (2016) 2 exemplaires
El jugador 2 exemplaires
Cuentos de la Veranda (1997) 2 exemplaires
Obras completas . III (2005) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick = Moby Dick (2018) 2 exemplaires
Five tales (2000) 2 exemplaires
Les encantades (2022) 2 exemplaires
Melville on Melville 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick. Oscar Junior (2019) 2 exemplaires
Billy Budd: A Play in Three Acts (1951) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick Libro secondo (1993) 2 exemplaires
Modydick 2 exemplaires
The Herman Melville Collection (2016) 2 exemplaires
Moby Dick oder Der Wal - Abenteuerhörspiel. CD (2005) 2 exemplaires, 1 critique
Emoji Dick; Or, 🐳 (2010) 2 exemplaires
L'impostore: una mascherata (1998) 2 exemplaires
První plavba (1849) 2 exemplaires
John Marr (1922) 2 exemplaires
Pezzi di mare: poesie (2011) 1 exemplaire
Il violinista (2012) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick "Moby Dick" 1 exemplaire
Cetologia 1 exemplaire
Billy Budd, Sailor (Annotated) (2016) 1 exemplaire
Annales 1 exemplaire
Izrael Potter 1 exemplaire
Profili di donne 1 exemplaire
Mardi: And a Voyage Thither 2 1 exemplaire, 1 critique
Tulák po ostrovech 1 exemplaire
Poésies (2022) 1 exemplaire
Art 1 exemplaire
Billy Budd 1 exemplaire
Benito Cereno 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick 1 exemplaire
MOBY DICK 2 1 exemplaire
MOBY DICK 1 1 exemplaire
“The Martyr” 1 exemplaire
אוסף סיפורי ים ונהר אחד — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Čovek od poverenja 1 exemplaire
El timador (1976) 1 exemplaire
Erzählungen. 1 exemplaire
Covek od poverenja 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick & other stories (2023) 1 exemplaire
Ca Voi Trang 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (2 Vols) (1929) 1 exemplaire
Cuentos completos 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick, dio 1 (2004) 1 exemplaire
MOby Dick, dio 2 (2004) 1 exemplaire
The complete stories 1 exemplaire
Contos 1 exemplaire
(all) 1 exemplaire
Melville: Six Short Novels (1975) 1 exemplaire
Bartleby, el escribiente (2019) 1 exemplaire
Benito Centeno 1 exemplaire
TYPPE 1 exemplaire
Bartleby 1 exemplaire, 1 critique
Masa din lemn de măr 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick Vol.2 1 exemplaire
The 'Gees 1 exemplaire
Jimmy Rose 1 exemplaire
Oszust 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick Filet (2015) 1 exemplaire
Opere scelte (1991) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (Abridged) (1962) 1 exemplaire
MOBY DICK, RAGAZZINI 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (Picture Books) (1997) 1 exemplaire
Works 16 vols 1 exemplaire
Hôtel de la baleine (2015) 1 exemplaire, 1 critique
Moby Dick . Volumen I 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick, 2 tomos (1989) 1 exemplaire
GK - Moby Dick (2015) 1 exemplaire
Obras 1 exemplaire
Moby-Dick (Oberon Modern Plays) (2013) 1 exemplaire
Masa din lemn de mar 1 exemplaire
En ¤pibe kanaster og en RedEye (2015) 1 exemplaire
"Shiloh" 1 exemplaire
Shorter Novels 1 exemplaire
Short novels 1 exemplaire
Le Campanile 1 exemplaire
Typee & The Story of Toby (2012) 1 exemplaire
Raj ľudožrútov 1 exemplaire
Poèmes divers: (1876-1891) (1991) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick : [version abrégée] (1997) 1 exemplaire
Classic Comics: Moby Dick (1991) 1 exemplaire
Modern Masquerade 1 exemplaire
Timoleon etc. (1891) 1 exemplaire
Zomby Dick or, The Undead Whale (2012) 1 exemplaire
Complete Stories 1 exemplaire
Four novels 1 exemplaire, 1 critique
The Tragedy of Mind (1945) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick [Audible] 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick Libro terzo 1 exemplaire
PACHUCHE BET 1 exemplaire
Cojocelul alb 1 exemplaire
Obras completas (2005) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick (1991) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick - vol. 26 1 exemplaire
Toplu Öyküler (2019) 1 exemplaire
Má první plavba 1 exemplaire
Fives Tales 1 exemplaire
Moby-Dick; or, The Whale (1387) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick'1 1 exemplaire
A bord (2004) 1 exemplaire
Bartleby, el passant (1988) 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick 35/22N 1 exemplaire, 1 critique
Paraiso de canibais 1 exemplaire
Pierre o delle ambiguità (2015) 1 exemplaire
Moby-Dick, etc 1 exemplaire
Redburn Illustrated (2020) 1 exemplaire
Ne Denizsiz Ne Tütünsüz (2014) 1 exemplaire
Derniers poèmes (2010) 1 exemplaire
Uncollected Poems 1 exemplaire
Timoleon and Other Ventures (2015) 1 exemplaire
Four Complete American Novels (1960) 1 exemplaire
El embaucador 1 exemplaire
Oszust (2019) 1 exemplaire
Recontar - Moby Dick (2009) 1 exemplaire
Maldive Shark 1 exemplaire
Bartleby up Platt (2017) 1 exemplaire
A Thought on Book-Binding 1 exemplaire, 1 critique
Ivanhoe 1 exemplaire
Moby Dick vagy (2012) 1 exemplaire
10 Books by Melville 1 exemplaire

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Étiqueté

Partage des connaissances

Nom canonique
Melville, Herman
Nom légal
Melville, Herman
Autres noms
Melvill, Herman [birth name/original spelling]
Date de naissance
1819-08-01
Date de décès
1891-09-28
Lieu de sépulture
Cimetière de Woodlawn, Bronx, New York, Etats-Unis
Sexe
male
Nationalité
Etats-Unis
Pays (pour la carte)
Etats-Unis
Lieu de naissance
New York, New York, Etats-Unis
Lieu du décès
New York, New York, Etats-Unis
Cause du décès
cardiovascular disease
Lieux de résidence
New York, New York, USA [1819-1830]
Albany, New York, USA [1830-1838]
Troy, New York, USA [1838]
merchantman St. Lawrence [1839]
whaling ship Acushnet [1841]
whaling ship Charles & Henry (tout afficher 7)
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, USA
Études
New York Male School (1825)
Columbia Grammar School (1829-1830)
Albany Classical School (1835)
Albany Academy (1830-1831)
Albany Academy (1836-1837)
Lansingburgh Acadamy (1838)
Professions
bank clerk (1832-1834)
sailor
harpooner, whaleship Charles & Henry
farm hand (1834-1835)
novelist
Customs inspector, New York, New York, USA (tout afficher 10)
clerk (1832-1834)
bookkeeper (1935-1937)
teacher (1837)
teacher (1839-1840)
Relations
Metcalf, Paul (Arrière petit-fils)
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (Ami)
Dana, Richard Henry (Ami)
Courte biographie
Herman Melville, American author, was born in New York City on the 1st of August 1819. He shipped as a cabin-boy at the age of eighteen, thus being enabled to make his first visit to England, and at twenty-two sailed for a long whaling cruise in the Pacific. After a year and a half he deserted his ship at the Marquesas Islands, on account of the cruelty of the captain; was captured by cannibals on the island of Nukahiva, and detained, without hardship, four months; was rescued by the crew of an Australian vessel, which he joined, and two years later reached New York. Thereafter, with the exception of a passenger voyage around the world in 1860, Melville remained in the United States, devoting himself to literature -- though for a considerable period (1866-1885) he held a post in the New York custom-house -- and being perhaps Hawthorne's most intimate friend among the literary men of America. His writings were numerous, but judged of varying merit by his contemporaries; his verse, patriotic and other was forgotten; and his works of fiction and of travel were deemed of irregular execution. Nevertheless, few authors have been enabled so freely to introduce romantic personal experiences into their books. He portrayed seafaring life and character with vigour and originality, and from a personal knowledge equal to that of Cooper, Marryat or Clark Russell. But these records of adventure were followed by other tales that his contemporaries found so turgid, eccentric, opinionative, and loosely written as to seem the work of another author. He died a failed author in New York on the 28th of September 1891. The 20th century's collective reassessment of his work is much more favorable, and he is now classed among the greatest American writers.

Membres

Discussions

Fine Press Melville à Fine Press Forum (Juillet 7)
Price for Moby Dick à George Macy devotees (Mai 2023)
Moby Dick à Folio Society Devotees (Février 2017)
The Great White Whale: Cynara and PurlPoet read Moby Dick à 75 Books Challenge for 2014 (Août 2014)
Moby Dick à Writer-readers (Avril 2013)
To the Sea! à Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (Janvier 2012)
***Group Read: Moby Dick (Spoiler Free) à 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (Octobre 2010)
Moby Dick à Someone explain it to me... (Juillet 2010)
Pierre: or, Bucolic Reading à Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (Décembre 2009)

Critiques

 
Signalé
jmv55 | 95 autres critiques | Mar 12, 2022 |
Un petit classique – tout petit – qui était cité de nombreuses fois dans la bio de Anémone et qui avait titillé ma curiosité.

Une nouvelle touchante, absurde, drôle et triste, l’histoire d’un homme qui préférerait juste rester là
 
Signalé
noid.ch | 95 autres critiques | Sep 21, 2021 |
> Nuit blanche, No. 14 (juin–juillet–août 1984), p. 32. … ; (en ligne),
URL : https://id.erudit.org/iderudit/20178ac
 
Signalé
Joop-le-philosophe | Jan 20, 2021 |
> Herman Melville : Mardi, traduit par Rose Celli (Gallimard).
Se reporter au compte rendu de Jean-François ROLLIN
In: Revue Esprit Nouvelle série, No. 378 (2) (Février 1969), pp. 343-347… ; (en ligne),
URL : https://esprit.presse.fr/article/rollin-jean-francois/herman-melville-mardi-1879...… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
Joop-le-philosophe | 4 autres critiques | Jan 20, 2021 |

Listes

100 (1)
Read (1)
Romans (1)
AP Lit (2)
Read (1)
1920s (1)
1850s (1)

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Statistiques

Œuvres
671
Aussi par
136
Membres
68,515
Popularité
#194
Évaluation
3.8
Critiques
1,025
ISBN
3,344
Langues
38
Favoris
257

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