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38,007 (45,466)431396 (3.92)1850
In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Walden ou La vie dans les bois
… (plus d'informations)
Walden ou La vie dans les bois 12,407 exemplaire(s), 161 critiques
Walden / Civil Disobedience 6,740 exemplaire(s), 42 critiques
Civil Disobedience and Other Essays 1,570 exemplaire(s), 11 critiques
La désobéissance civile (Auteur) 1,378 exemplaire(s), 24 critiques
Thoreau: Walden and Other Writings {Bantam ed.} 1,107 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Walking 776 exemplaire(s), 17 critiques
The Portable Thoreau 764 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
Walden and other writings 708 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Cap Cod 707 exemplaire(s), 9 critiques
Les forêts du Maine 680 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers 574 exemplaire(s), 9 critiques
Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition 565 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
Thoreau: On Man and Nature 367 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Collected Essays and Poems 323 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Walden and Other Writings 306 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Where I Lived, and What I Lived For 295 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Journal, 1837–1861 225 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Letters to a Spiritual Seeker 131 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Reflections at Walden 130 exemplaire(s)
Walden and Other Writings 127 exemplaire(s)
The Natural History Essays 117 exemplaire(s)
Henry David's House 113 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Balades 112 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Civil Disobedience / Reading (Auteur) 91 exemplaire(s)
Works of Henry David Thoreau 85 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Works of Henry David Thoreau 64 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
La Vie sans principe 60 exemplaire(s)
Henry David Thoreau : Journal 1837-1861 56 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Wild Apples 54 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Thoreau on Birds 50 exemplaire(s)
Men of Concord 46 exemplaire(s)
Autumnal Tints 45 exemplaire(s)
Friendship and Other Essays 41 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Illuminated Walden 36 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Thoughts from Walden Pond 36 exemplaire(s)
The Works of Henry David Thoreau 35 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Canoeing in the Wilderness 34 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Quotable Thoreau 31 exemplaire(s)
Material Faith: Thoreau on Science (Auteur) 29 exemplaire(s)
Thoreau's animals 28 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Collected Poems of Henry Thoreau 28 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Un Yankee au Canada 28 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Thoreau's World: Miniatures from His Journal 28 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Thoreau in the Mountains 28 exemplaire(s)
Thoreau's Wildflowers 27 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The River 22 exemplaire(s)
Thoreau: The Major Essays 18 exemplaire(s)
Ktaadn 15 exemplaire(s)
Un paseo invernal 11 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Friendship 11 exemplaire(s)
Summer 10 exemplaire(s)
Autumn 9 exemplaire(s)
Musketaquid 8 exemplaire(s)
A Year in the Woods 7 exemplaire(s)
Slavery in Massachusetts 7 exemplaire(s)
The Works of Thoreau 6 exemplaire(s)
Journal, Volume 2 6 exemplaire(s)
Volar : apuntes sobre aves 6 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Winter Walk 5 exemplaire(s)
Journal, Volume 3 5 exemplaire(s)
Lob der Wildnis 5 exemplaire(s)
Henry David Thoreau Selected Writings (Auteur) 5 exemplaire(s)
All That Anybody Knows 4 exemplaire(s)
DIARIO 1837-1861,EL 4 exemplaire(s)
Dagboksanteckningar 4 exemplaire(s)
Thoreau's New England 4 exemplaire(s)
Thoreau's complete works 4 exemplaire(s)
Journal, Volume 5 4 exemplaire(s)
El Diario - Volumen Ii 4 exemplaire(s)
Voisins animaux 4 exemplaire(s)
The Library a Wilderness 3 exemplaire(s)
Pensées sauvages 3 exemplaire(s)
Ascoltare gli alberi 3 exemplaire(s)
El gran invierno 3 exemplaire(s)
Marcher 3 exemplaire(s)
Marcher 3 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Leben aus den Wurzeln. 3 exemplaire(s)
Sir Walter Raleigh 3 exemplaire(s)
American Fields and Forests 3 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Thoreau on writing 3 exemplaire(s)
Sivil Itaatsizlik 2 exemplaire(s)
The service 2 exemplaire(s)
La No-violencia, arma política 2 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Un yanqui en Canadá 2 exemplaire(s)
Selections from Thoreau 2 exemplaire(s)
The Dream of the Toad 2 exemplaire(s)
Poems of Nature 2 exemplaire(s)
Journal, 1837-1852 2 exemplaire(s)
Vida salvaje, La 2 exemplaire(s)
Walden - Ormanda Yasam 2 exemplaire(s)
Til naturen 2 exemplaire(s)
Vita di uno scrittore 2 exemplaire(s)
Pensoj el Valdeno 2 exemplaire(s)
Toulky přírodou 2 exemplaire(s)
Translations 2 exemplaire(s)
Journal 1844-1846 2 exemplaire(s)
Poemas 2 exemplaire(s)
An Excursion to Canada 2 exemplaire(s)
WALDEN And Other Stories 2 exemplaire(s)
Essais 2 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Excursions and Poems 2 exemplaire(s)
Walden Illustrated 2 exemplaire(s)
Journal, Volume 6 2 exemplaire(s)
On Land 1 exemplaire
On Water 1 exemplaire
Kring Bellman 1 exemplaire
Poet's Delay, the 1 exemplaire
Nature Walking 1 exemplaire
Un monde plus large 1 exemplaire
Opere scelte 1 exemplaire
Spring 1 exemplaire
Works of Thoreau 1 exemplaire
Yürümek 1 exemplaire
Walden 1 exemplaire
Yankee in Canada, A 1 exemplaire
Deník: 1837-1861 1 exemplaire
Desobedecendo 1 exemplaire
Concord Idealism 1 exemplaire
ソロー 博物誌 1 exemplaire
Coratge cívic 1 exemplaire
Night and Moonlight 1 exemplaire
Passejades 1 exemplaire
Nature and Walking 1 exemplaire
Huckleberries 1 exemplaire
Selected writings 1 exemplaire
The Landlord 1 exemplaire
Aucun titre 1 exemplaire
Cape Cod, vol. 1 1 exemplaire
Cape Cod, vol. 2 1 exemplaire
Walden, Volume 2 1 exemplaire
Desobeir 1 exemplaire
The Variorum Walden 1 exemplaire
The moon 1 exemplaire
Thoreau's Journals (Auteur) 1 exemplaire
Tagebuch III 1 exemplaire
Still Deep & Sweet 1 exemplaire
Teintes d'automne 1 exemplaire
Survey of a Swamp 1 exemplaire
Les pommes sauvages 1 exemplaire
The Art of the Personal Essay (Contributeur) 1,238 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
Essays: English and American (Contributeur) 544 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
[ASSASSIN'S CLOAK] by (Author)Taylor, Irene on Nov-11-03 (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 507 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
A Patriot's Handbook: Songs, Poems, Stories and Speeches Celebrating the… (quelques éditions) 449 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (Contributeur) 353 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contributeur) 255 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 237 exemplaire(s)
The Literary Cat (Contributeur) 218 exemplaire(s)
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (Contributeur) 212 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Contributeur) 138 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Contributeur) 122 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Anarchist Reader (Auteur, quelques éditions) 111 exemplaire(s)
The Anarchists (Contributeur) 100 exemplaire(s)
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Contributeur) 99 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Winter: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (Contributeur) 95 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
War No More: Three Centuries of American Antiwar and Peace Writing (Contributeur) 67 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
American Sonnets: An Anthology (Contributeur) 59 exemplaire(s)
Selected Writings of the American Transcendentalists (Contributeur) 57 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Civil Disobedience: Theory and Practice (Contributeur) 52 exemplaire(s)
Autumn: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (Contributeur) 52 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Range of Philosophy (Contributeur) 45 exemplaire(s)
The Book of the Sea (Contributeur) 35 exemplaire(s)
The Signet Book of American Essays (Contributeur) 32 exemplaire(s)
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 24 exemplaire(s)
Classic Essays in English (Contributeur) 22 exemplaire(s)
The Penguin book of the ocean (Contributeur) 19 exemplaire(s)
Son of Man: Great Writing About Jesus Christ (Contributeur) 17 exemplaire(s)
Trees: A Celebration (Contributeur) 11 exemplaire(s)
Christmas Classics: Stories for the Whole Family (Contributeur) 10 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (Contributeur) 8 exemplaire(s)
Suspense: A Treasury for Young Adults (Contributeur) 6 exemplaire(s)
America's Great Wilderness (Contributeur) 5 exemplaire(s)
A Reader for Writers (Contributeur) 2 exemplaire(s)

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Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."
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