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Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

Auteur de Walden ou La vie dans les bois

543+ oeuvres 42,935 utilisateurs 446 critiques 188 Favoris
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A propos de l'auteur

In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is afficher plus as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins

Œuvres de Henry David Thoreau

Walden ou La vie dans les bois (1854) — Auteur — 14,100 exemplaires
Walden / Civil Disobedience (1849) 7,674 exemplaires
Civil Disobedience and Other Essays (1849) 1,768 exemplaires
La désobéissance civile (1849) 1,584 exemplaires
Walking (1862) 910 exemplaires
The Portable Thoreau (1947) 853 exemplaires
Cap Cod (1865) 777 exemplaires
Les forêts du Maine (1950) 763 exemplaires
Walden and other writings (1993) 746 exemplaires
Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition (1854) 637 exemplaires
Thoreau: On Man and Nature (1960) 416 exemplaires
Collected Essays and Poems (2001) 352 exemplaires
Where I Lived, and What I Lived For (2005) 337 exemplaires
Walden and Other Writings (1937) 324 exemplaires
The Heart of Thoreau's Journals (1927) 202 exemplaires
Letters to a Spiritual Seeker (2004) 142 exemplaires
The Natural History Essays (1980) 142 exemplaires
Reflections at Walden (1968) 140 exemplaires
Walden and Other Writings (1981) 135 exemplaires
Henry David's House (2002) 134 exemplaires
Balades (1863) 131 exemplaires
Works of Henry David Thoreau (1981) 108 exemplaires
Civil Disobedience / Reading (1995) — Auteur — 94 exemplaires
H. D. Thoreau: A Writer's Journal (2011) 75 exemplaires
The Works of Henry David Thoreau (1995) 74 exemplaires
La Vie sans principe (1863) 72 exemplaires
Wild Apples (1923) 64 exemplaires
Autumnal Tints (1900) 61 exemplaires
Thoreau on Birds (1964) 56 exemplaires
Men of Concord (1936) 53 exemplaires
Walden (1990) 49 exemplaires
Canoeing in the Wilderness (1864) 48 exemplaires
Friendship and Other Essays (1920) 44 exemplaires
Thoughts from Walden Pond (1998) 43 exemplaires
The Works of Henry David Thoreau (1937) 42 exemplaires
The Illuminated Walden (1714) 40 exemplaires
Un Yankee au Canada (1866) 35 exemplaires
Thoreau's Wildflowers (2016) 33 exemplaires
Thoreau's animals (2017) 33 exemplaires
The Quotable Thoreau (2011) 32 exemplaires
Thoreau in the Mountains (1982) 31 exemplaires
Material Faith: Thoreau on Science (1999) — Auteur — 31 exemplaires
A Plea for Captain John Brown (1969) 30 exemplaires
Collected Poems of Henry Thoreau (1943) 29 exemplaires
The illustrated world of Thoreau (1974) 27 exemplaires
Thoreau: Political Writings (1996) 26 exemplaires
The River (1963) 25 exemplaires
Un paseo invernal (2014) 24 exemplaires
Thoreau: The Major Essays (1972) 18 exemplaires
Civil Disobedience/The Liberator (1985) 16 exemplaires
Ktaadn (1848) 16 exemplaires
Summer (2017) 16 exemplaires
Essays, journals, and poems (1975) 15 exemplaires
Thoreau on Land: Nature's Canvas (2001) 15 exemplaires
A Year in the Woods (2017) 13 exemplaires
Letters to various persons (1865) 12 exemplaires
Todo lo bueno es libre y salvaje (2017) 12 exemplaires
Friendship (1900) 11 exemplaires
Slavery in Massachusetts (2008) 9 exemplaires
Walden and Other Writings (2010) 9 exemplaires
The Works of Thoreau (1946) 8 exemplaires
Musketaquid (2014) 8 exemplaires
Le paradis à (re)conquérir (2005) 8 exemplaires
Journal, Volume 3 (1992) 7 exemplaires
A Winter Walk (1843) 7 exemplaires
Anti-Slavery and Reform Papers (2010) 7 exemplaires
Randonnée au mont Wachusett (2018) 5 exemplaires
Thoreau's New England (2007) 5 exemplaires
Ascoltare gli alberi (2018) 5 exemplaires
Volar : apuntes sobre aves (2016) 5 exemplaires
Lob der Wildnis (2013) 5 exemplaires
Henry David Thoreau Selected Writings (1958) — Auteur — 5 exemplaires
Journal, Volume 5 (1997) 5 exemplaires
Through the Year with Thoreau (1917) 4 exemplaires
El Diario - Volumen Ii (2017) 4 exemplaires
Voisins animaux (2020) 4 exemplaires
Walden and Selected Essays (1992) 4 exemplaires
Diarios. Breve antología. (2002) 4 exemplaires
Journal, Volume 6 (2000) 4 exemplaires
Til naturen (2017) 3 exemplaires
Sept Jours sur le fleuve (2012) 3 exemplaires
Poemas (2018) 3 exemplaires
Sivil Itaatsizlik (2015) 3 exemplaires
American Fields and Forests (1909) 3 exemplaires
Leben aus den Wurzeln. (1992) 3 exemplaires
A Novel Journal: Walden (Compact) (2016) 3 exemplaires
Tagebuch I (Thoreaus Tagebücher) (2016) 3 exemplaires
Thoreau on writing (1989) 3 exemplaires
The Dream of the Toad 3 exemplaires
Sir Walter Raleigh (2007) 3 exemplaires
Nature and Walking (2011) 3 exemplaires
El gran invierno (2021) 3 exemplaires
Pensées sauvages (2017) 3 exemplaires
Poems of Nature 3 exemplaires
Vita di uno scrittore 2 exemplaires
Primavera 2 exemplaires
The New Walden 2 exemplaires
Kolme matkaa erämaahan (2014) 2 exemplaires
Vida salvaje, La (2016) 2 exemplaires
Escribir/ Write (Spanish Edition) (2007) 2 exemplaires
The Thoreau Collection (CD-ROM) (1999) 2 exemplaires
Histoire de moi-même (2017) 2 exemplaires
Les pommes sauvages (2009) 2 exemplaires
Un monde plus large (2021) 2 exemplaires
Tagebuch IV (Henry David Thoreau) (2019) 2 exemplaires
An Excursion to Canada (2012) 2 exemplaires
Journal 1844-1846 (2014) 2 exemplaires
WALDEN And Other Stories (1937) 2 exemplaires
Toulky přírodou (2010) 2 exemplaires
The service (2021) 2 exemplaires
Friendship, Love and Marriage (2010) 2 exemplaires
Tagebuch I (German Edition) (2015) 2 exemplaires
Henry David Thoreau, Collection (2014) 2 exemplaires
La No-violencia, arma política (1976) 2 exemplaires
Pensoj el Valdeno 2 exemplaires
Essais (2007) 2 exemplaires
Journal, 1837-1852 (2002) 2 exemplaires
On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (2018) 2 exemplaires
Cape Cod : volume II 2 exemplaires
Night and Moonlight (2013) 2 exemplaires
Shoe-strings 1 exemplaire
Mosbindja Civile 1 exemplaire
ソロー 博物誌 1 exemplaire
Walden 1 exemplaire
Nature Walking 1 exemplaire
The Angle of Dazzle 1 exemplaire
Yaban Elmasi (2021) 1 exemplaire
Deník (2020) 1 exemplaire
Week of the Concord 1 exemplaire
Opere scelte 1 exemplaire
Spring 1 exemplaire
Gens de Concord 1 exemplaire
Thoreau Tolstoy 1 exemplaire
POETICAS DEL CAMINAR (2023) 1 exemplaire
Desobeir 1 exemplaire
Aus den Tagebüchern 1837-1861 (1996) 1 exemplaire
The Essential Thoreau (2008) 1 exemplaire
Huckleberries (1970) 1 exemplaire
Cape Cod, vol. 1 1 exemplaire
The Writings VI (2016) 1 exemplaire
An Ideal 1 exemplaire
Selected writings 1 exemplaire
Aucun titre 1 exemplaire
In Praise of Walking (2018) 1 exemplaire
On walking (Little blue book) (1924) 1 exemplaire
Thoreau's Journals — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Walden, Volume 2 (2010) 1 exemplaire
Thoreau's Thumbnail Walden (2000) 1 exemplaire
The moon (1985) 1 exemplaire
La nuit et le clair de lune (2003) 1 exemplaire
Cape Cod & the Maine Woods (2003) 1 exemplaire
Passejades (2000) 1 exemplaire
A Walk to Land's End 1 exemplaire
The Landlord (2015) 1 exemplaire
Las manzanas silvestres (2014) 1 exemplaire
Yürümek (2013) 1 exemplaire
Coratge cívic 1 exemplaire
Walden Ya Da Ormanda Yasam (2018) 1 exemplaire
Thoreau’s Journals 1 exemplaire
Woodshed 1 exemplaire
Summer (misfiled) 1 exemplaire
Sivil Itaatsizlik - Yürümek (2014) 1 exemplaire
Ekonomik Itaatsizlik (2016) 1 exemplaire
“Sic Vita” 1 exemplaire
Kring Bellman 1 exemplaire
H.D. THOREAU / G. MANNA - WALD (2017) 1 exemplaire
Still Deep & Sweet 1 exemplaire
Tagebuch III (2018) 1 exemplaire
Une Année dans les bois (2017) 1 exemplaire
Survey of a Swamp 1 exemplaire
On Water 1 exemplaire
On Land 1 exemplaire
A Vida nos Bosques 1 exemplaire

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Partage des connaissances

Nom légal
Thoreau, David Henry
Autres noms
Thoreau, Henry David
Date de naissance
Date de décès
Lieu de sépulture
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Lieu de naissance
Concord, Massachusetts, Etats-Unis
Lieu du décès
Concord, Massachusetts, Etats-Unis
Lieux de résidence
Concord, Massachusetts, Etats-Unis
New York, New York, Etats-Unis
Harvard College (AB|1837)
inventor (tout afficher 7)
pencil maker
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (friend)
Alcott, Louisa May (student)
Fuller, Margaret (friend)
Jackson, Lidian (friend)
Underground Railroad
Huckleberry Party
Courte biographie
Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."



Walden by Henry David Thoreau – STEEL 2022 à Fine Press Forum (Mars 23)
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1001 Group Read, June, 2012: Walden à 1001 Books to read before you die (Juillet 2014)


> Babelio :

> « Chaque ville devrait avoir un parc ou plutôt une forêt
primitive, de cinq cents ou un millier d’acres, où on ne
couperait jamais une seule branche pour la brûler
dans la cheminée, un bien commun pour toujours,
pour l’instruction et la récréation. »

—Henry David Thoreau u - 1859
… (plus d'informations)
Joop-le-philosophe | Dec 7, 2022 |
> Babelio :

> « Chercher à soigner l’âme sans référence
au système écologique dont nous sommes
partie intégrante, constitue une forme
d’aveuglement auto-destructeur. »

—Lester R. Brown - Ecopsychology
and environnemental revolution

> BALADES, de Thoreau, H.D. — Un petit livre d'une douceur inégalé, une balade dans la nature, la contemplation, tel est le message que veut nous livrer cet auteur. Il nous donne le goût de sortir de chez-nous, de nous faire découvrir un état d’être et ce à travers notre quotidien.
La revue, 18 avril 1995 … ; (Source),
… (plus d'informations)
Joop-le-philosophe | 1 autre critique | Jul 11, 2021 |
> Réédition du texte qui a défini la désobéissance civile et qui a inspiré depuis de nombreux militants non-violents : des luttes pour les droits civiques aux Etats-Unis aux faucheurs d’OGM. Un classique.
--Revue Silence, janv. 2008

> Ce texte qui date de 1849 est toujours d’une criante actualité Il est — avec rel="nofollow" target="_top">le discours de la servitude volontaire d'Etienne de la Boétie — un des classiques de la contestation sociale : si nous avons une société qui ne fonctionne pas, c'est avant tout parce que nous ne nous prenons pas en main et parce que nous acceptons que d'autres décident à notre place. A commander en gros et à offrir à tous ceux qui râlent et ne font rien.
--Revue Silence, oct. 1998

> La Désobéissance civile, de Henry David THOREAU (Typo, Montréal, 1994, 120 p.)
Se reporter au compte rendu de Judy QUINN
In: Peterson, M. (2004). Compte rendu de [Comentaires de lecture : essai]. Nuit blanche, le magazine du livre, (97), pp. 16-17… ; (en ligne),

> La Désobéissance civile, de Henry David THOREAU (Typo, Montréal, 1994, 112p. Coll. « Essais »)
Se reporter au compte rendu de Christiane LAHAIE
In: (1996). Compte rendu de [Nouveautés]. Québec français, (100), p. 24… ; (en ligne),
URL :… (plus d'informations)
Joop-le-philosophe | 29 autres critiques | May 22, 2020 |


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