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Photo de l'auteur(-trice). Photo by Napoleon Sarony: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division 

Photo by Napoleon Sarony: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (REPRODUCTION NUMBER: LC-USZC4-7139) (cropped)

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Flamboyant man-about-town, Oscar Wilde had a reputation that preceded him, especially in his early career. He was born to a middle-class Irish family (his father was a surgeon) and was trained as a scholarship boy at Trinity College, Dublin. He subsequently won a scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was heavily influenced by John Ruskin and Walter Pater, whose aestheticism was taken to its radical extreme in Wilde's work. By 1879 he was already known as a wit and a dandy; soon after, in fact, he was satirized in Gilbert and Sullivan's Patience. Largely on the strength of his public persona, Wilde undertook a lecture tour to the United States in 1882, where he saw his play Vera open---unsuccessfully---in New York. His first published volume, Poems, which met with some degree of approbation, appeared at this time. In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd, the daughter of an Irish lawyer, and within two years they had two sons. During this period he wrote, among others, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), his only novel, which scandalized many readers and was widely denounced as immoral. Wilde simultaneously dismissed and encouraged such criticism with his statement in the preface, "There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book. Books are well written or badly written. That is all." In 1891 Wilde published A House of Pomegranates, a collection of fantasy tales, and in 1892 gained commercial and critical success with his play, Lady Windermere's Fan He followed this comedy with A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and his most famous play, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). During this period he also wrote Salome, in French, but was unable to obtain a license for it in England. Performed in Paris in 1896, the play was translated and published in England in 1894 by Lord Alfred Douglas and was illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley. Lord Alfred was the son of the Marquess of Queensbury, who objected to his son's spending so much time with Wilde because of Wilde's flamboyant behavior and homosexual relationships. In 1895, after being publicly insulted by the marquess, Wilde brought an unsuccessful slander suit against the peer. The result of his inability to prove slander was his own trial on charges of sodomy, of which he was found guilty and sentenced to two years of hard labor. During his time in prison, he wrote a scathing rebuke to Lord Alfred, published in 1905 as De Profundis. In it he argues that his conduct was a result of his standing "in symbolic relations to the art and culture" of his time. After his release, Wilde left England for Paris, where he wrote what may be his most famous poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), drawn from his prison experiences. Among his other notable writing is The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891), which argues for individualism and freedom of artistic expression. There has been a revived interest in Wilde's work; among the best recent volumes are Richard Ellmann's, Oscar Wilde and Regenia Gagnier's Idylls of the Marketplace , two works that vary widely in their critical assumptions and approach to Wilde but that offer rich insights into his complex character. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Le Portrait de Dorian Gray
… (plus d'informations)
Le Portrait de Dorian Gray 34,050 exemplaire(s), 563 critiques
L'importance d'être Constant 9,984 exemplaire(s), 165 critiques
Oeuvres (sous étui) 4,440 exemplaire(s), 21 critiques
Le Portrait de Dorian Gray 2,278 exemplaire(s), 19 critiques
Le Fantôme de Canterville 1,903 exemplaire(s), 61 critiques
De profundis 1,446 exemplaire(s), 21 critiques
Salomé 1,407 exemplaire(s), 24 critiques
Un mari idéal : An Ideal Husband 1,224 exemplaire(s), 30 critiques
Le Prince Heureux/ Le Geant Egoiste 1,180 exemplaire(s), 24 critiques
Complete Short Fiction 1,120 exemplaire(s), 13 critiques
Le Crime de Lord Arthur Savile et autres contes 1,077 exemplaire(s), 13 critiques
The Complete Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde 1,039 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
L'Eventail de Lady Windermere 957 exemplaire(s), 28 critiques
The Selfish Giant 764 exemplaire(s), 17 critiques
La Ballade de la Géole de reading 626 exemplaire(s), 11 critiques
Wilde Oscar : Importance of Being Earnest (Sc) (Auteur) 621 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
A Woman of No Importance 575 exemplaire(s), 13 critiques
Le Prince Heureux 520 exemplaire(s), 17 critiques
The Portable Oscar Wilde: Revised Edition 458 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Teleny. Étude physiologique (attributed) 431 exemplaire(s), 6 critiques
The Complete Plays 365 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Fairy Tales 329 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Oscar Wilde's The picture of Dorian Gray: a graphic novel (Auteur) 301 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
L'âme humaine 298 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
The Wit and Humor of Oscar Wilde 293 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
La Maison des grenades 278 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
Aphorismes 267 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Poe mes (Auteur) 257 exemplaire(s)
Le portrait de Mr. W.H. 244 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
Oscar Wilde Stories for Children 232 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
The Plays of Oscar Wilde 226 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Collected Oscar Wilde 190 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Intentions 189 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
El fantasma de Canterville y otros cuentos 151 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Nightingale and the Rose 149 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Happy Prince and Other Fairy Tales 148 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Contes d'Oscar Wilde 147 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Uncensored Picture of Dorian Gray 145 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Picture of Dorian Gray [Penguin Readers] 143 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Déclin du mensonge (le) 122 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Wit of Oscar Wilde 119 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Importance of Being Earnest / Lady Windermere's Fan (Auteur) 116 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Works of Oscar Wilde 116 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Il fantasma di Canterville e altri racconti 107 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Selected Poems (Phoenix Poetry) 105 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Nothing...Except My Genius 102 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Portable Oscar Wilde 92 exemplaire(s)
The Happy Prince and Other Tales 90 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Wit of Oscar Wilde 89 exemplaire(s)
The Critic as Artist 87 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Letters of Oscar Wilde 86 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Birthday of the Infanta 79 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Selected Letters of Oscar Wilde 78 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime (Auteur) 77 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Oscar Wilde Epigrams 66 exemplaire(s)
The Selfish Giant and Other Stories 66 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Picture of Dorian Gray [Oxford Bookworms] 58 exemplaire(s), 9 critiques
La Duchesse de Padoue 54 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Table Talk 53 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Véra ou Les nihilistes 48 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Annotated Oscar Wilde 44 exemplaire(s)
Salome and Other Plays 42 exemplaire(s)
Selected Plays 42 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Le fantôme de Canterville et autres contes 41 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Oscar Wilde: Short Stories 40 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Opere 37 exemplaire(s)
Le crime de lord Arthur Savile 35 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Oscar Wilde reader 34 exemplaire(s)
Tales from Oscar Wilde 33 exemplaire(s)
The Devoted Friend 33 exemplaire(s)
The Star Child 32 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Essays and Lectures 30 exemplaire(s)
Great Short Works 29 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Selected Writings 29 exemplaire(s)
The picture of Dorian Gray 26 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
More Letters 25 exemplaire(s)
The Sphinx Without a Secret 24 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Essays and Letters 24 exemplaire(s)
Contes et récits 23 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Three Plays 23 exemplaire(s)
Charmides and Other Poems 21 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Il principe felice e Una casa di melograni 21 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Plays and Poems 21 exemplaire(s)
Selected essays and poems 20 exemplaire(s)
The Prose of Oscar Wilde 20 exemplaire(s)
Teleny and Camille 20 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Oscariana 19 exemplaire(s)
The Remarkable Rocket 19 exemplaire(s)
The Oscar Wilde Collection 19 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Stories for Young People: Oscar Wilde 19 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Aristote à l'heure du thé 19 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Little Book of Sayings of Oscar Wilde 18 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Oscar Wilde : Oeuvres 18 exemplaire(s)
A Florentine Tragedy 17 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Poetry of Oscar Wilde 17 exemplaire(s)
Selected Works 17 exemplaire(s)
Fairy Tales 16 exemplaire(s)
The Essays of Oscar Wilde 16 exemplaire(s)
Lady Fuckingham 15 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Comedies 15 exemplaire(s)
Howards End 15 exemplaire(s)
Racconti 14 exemplaire(s)
Poems and Essays 14 exemplaire(s)
The Model Millionaire 13 exemplaire(s)
The Bedside Wilde 13 exemplaire(s)
Il milionario modello e altri racconti 12 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
El Arte de conversar 12 exemplaire(s)
The Sphinx 12 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Torre de papel 11 exemplaire(s)
Tutti i racconti 11 exemplaire(s)
Cuentos 10 exemplaire(s)
Oscar Wilde : ett urval 10 exemplaire(s)
El gigante egoísta 10 exemplaire(s)
O principe feliz 10 exemplaire(s)
Reviews 9 exemplaire(s)
Stories & Fairy Tales 9 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Young King 9 exemplaire(s)
The Harlot's house: a poem 9 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
La Sainte Courtisane 9 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Poemas en prosa 9 exemplaire(s)
Epigrams & aphorisms 9 exemplaire(s)
Paradoja y genio 8 exemplaire(s)
Shorter Prose Pieces 8 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Teatro 8 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Stories for Summer 8 exemplaire(s)
Miscellanies 7 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Sus mejores cuentos 7 exemplaire(s)
Tutte le opere 7 exemplaire(s)
Tutto il teatro 7 exemplaire(s)
Las Artes y el Artesano 6 exemplaire(s)
Maximes et autres textes 6 exemplaire(s)
Oscariana 6 exemplaire(s)
Impressions of America 6 exemplaire(s)
Penna, matita e veleno 6 exemplaire(s)
Werkausgabe: 5 Bde. 6 exemplaire(s)
Best-Loved Oscar Wilde 5 exemplaire(s)
The Selfish Giant / The Happy Prince (Auteur) 5 exemplaire(s)
O fantasma dos Canterville e outros contos 5 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Les Ailes du paradoxe 5 exemplaire(s)
Miscellanies 5 exemplaire(s)
HISTÓRIAS DE FADAS 5 exemplaire(s)
Racconti fantastici 5 exemplaire(s)
Oscar Wilde The Dover Reader 5 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Letters to the Sphinx 5 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Lehren und Sprüche 5 exemplaire(s)
Oscar Wilde : aforismer 5 exemplaire(s)
Salomé / A Florentine tragedy / Vera (Auteur) 4 exemplaire(s)
OSCAR WILDE IN QUOTE 4 exemplaire(s)
PLAYS 4 exemplaire(s)
The Happy Prince and Other Tales 4 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Romanzi e racconti 4 exemplaire(s)
Nouvelles fantastiques 4 exemplaire(s)
I capolavori 4 exemplaire(s)
la jeunesse est un art 4 exemplaire(s)
Eros kertje 4 exemplaire(s)
El Prncipe Feliz y otros cuentos 4 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Selections from Oscar Wilde 4 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Twee balladen 4 exemplaire(s)
Les Pensées 4 exemplaire(s)
Werke in 2 Bänden 2 4 exemplaire(s)
Narrativa y teatro 4 exemplaire(s)
La importancia de no hacer nada 4 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Epigrams; an anthology 3 exemplaire(s)
Märchen to go 3 exemplaire(s)
Miscellaneous Aphorisms 3 exemplaire(s)
Selections, vol. 1 3 exemplaire(s)
Tutte le opere vol. 1-2 3 exemplaire(s)
Selfish Giant CD ROM 3 exemplaire(s)
Oscar Wilde wit's end 3 exemplaire(s)
Firenzei tragédia ; A szent parázna (Auteur) 3 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Charmides 3 exemplaire(s)
Illustrated Oscar Wilde 3 exemplaire(s)
Shit My Dad (Never) Says 3 exemplaire(s)
Il denaro non basta 3 exemplaire(s)
Oscar Wilde Epigrams (Auteur) 3 exemplaire(s)
Three Tales 3 exemplaire(s)
Le Satyricon (supposed translator, quelques éditions) 3,064 exemplaire(s), 26 critiques
Oscar Wilde (Subject) 1,778 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
The Classic Fairy Tales [Norton Critical Edition] (Contributeur) 895 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Nation's Favourite Poems (Auteur, quelques éditions) 569 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
Spells of Enchantment: The Wondrous Fairy Tales of Western Culture (Contributeur) 519 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Book of Fantasy (Contributeur) 508 exemplaire(s), 11 critiques
Black Water: The Book of Fantastic Literature (Contributeur) 457 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (Contributeur) 453 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
A Patriot's Handbook: Songs, Poems, Stories and Speeches Celebrating the… (quelques éditions) 447 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
The Victorian Fairytale Book (Contributeur) 411 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Critical Theory Since Plato (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 365 exemplaire(s)
The Oxford Book of Modern Fairy Tales (Contributeur) 333 exemplaire(s), 6 critiques
Eight great comedies (Contributeur) 325 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
100 Ghastly Little Ghost Stories (Contributeur) 297 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
Classic Victorian & Edwardian Ghost Stories 292 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Ghosts: A Treasury of Chilling Tales Old & New (Contributeur) 288 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Witches & Warlocks: Tales of Black Magic, Old & New (Contributeur) 248 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
24 Favorite One Act Plays (Contributeur) 240 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Golden Treasury of Children's Literature Set (Contributeur) 186 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Penguin Book of Irish Verse (Contributeur) 177 exemplaire(s)
The Portable Victorian Reader (Contributeur) 168 exemplaire(s)
Late Victorian Gothic Tales (Contributeur) 168 exemplaire(s)
Masterpieces of the Drama (Contributeur) 165 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Love Letters (Contributeur) 164 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Importance of Being Earnest (DVD) (Original play) 155 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Penguin Book of Irish Fiction (Contributeur) 139 exemplaire(s)
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (Contributeur) 117 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Anarchist Reader (Auteur, quelques éditions) 110 exemplaire(s)
Irish Tales of Terror (Contributeur) 110 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Mammoth Book of Ghost Stories (Contributeur) 100 exemplaire(s)
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Contributeur) 99 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Sixteen Famous British Plays (Contributeur) 96 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (Contributeur) 95 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
New Worlds for Old (Contributeur) 93 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Book of Irish Weirdness: A Treasury of Classic Tales of the… (Contributeur) 90 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Treasury Of Gothic & Supernatural (Contributeur) 87 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Dedalus Book of Decadence (Contributeur) 87 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Outstanding Short Stories [Penguin Readers] (Contributeur) 87 exemplaire(s)
Oscar Wilde (Contributeur) 81 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Book of Princesses (Contributeur) 78 exemplaire(s)
The treasury of English short stories (Contributeur) 78 exemplaire(s)
Decadent Poetry (Contributeur) 76 exemplaire(s)
Charles Keeping's Book of Classic Ghost Stories (Contributeur) 73 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Chilling Ghost Short Stories (Contributeur) 69 exemplaire(s)
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (Contributeur) 67 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Victorian Fairy Tales (Oxford World's Classics) (Contributeur) 66 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Folio Book of Comic Short Stories (Contributeur) 65 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Dorian Gray [2009 film] (Original story) 64 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Reader's Digest Great Stories for Young Readers (Contributeur) 62 exemplaire(s)
Easter Stories: Classic Tales for the Holy Season (Contributeur) 62 exemplaire(s), 11 critiques
The Importance of Being Earnest [1952 film] (Original play) 62 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Selected Stories from the 19th Century (Contributeur) 61 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Mammoth Book of Fairy Tales (Contributeur) 57 exemplaire(s)
The Bedside Book of Famous British Stories (Contributeur) 57 exemplaire(s)
Murder Mayhem Short Stories (Gothic Fantasy) (Contributeur) 51 exemplaire(s)
The Fourth Fontana Book of Great Ghost Stories (Contributeur) 49 exemplaire(s)
Victorian Love Stories: An Oxford Anthology (Contributeur) 46 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Great Classic Stories: 22 Unabridged Classics (Auteur, quelques éditions) 45 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Great Tales of Terror (Contributeur) 43 exemplaire(s)
A Century of Humour (Contributeur) 42 exemplaire(s)
The Second Dedalus Book of Decadence the Black Feast (Contributeur) 39 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 5: The Happy Prince (Original Story) 35 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Picture of Dorian Gray [1945 film] (Original novel) 35 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Contributeur) 34 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Genius of the Later English Theater (Contributeur) 32 exemplaire(s)
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (Contributeur) 29 exemplaire(s)
Stories To Get You Through The Night (Contributeur) 28 exemplaire(s)
Witches, Witches, Witches (Contributeur) 28 exemplaire(s)
Irish Ghost Stories (Contributeur) 28 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
L'Avant-Scène Opéra, N° 240 : Salomé (Librettist, quelques éditions) 25 exemplaire(s)
A Book of Old Ballads (Contributeur) 24 exemplaire(s)
A Book of Princes (Contributeur) 23 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Graphic Classics: Oscar Wilde (Auteur) 21 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Great Ghost Stories: 34 Classic Tales of the Supernatural (Contributeur) 19 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Oscar Wilde Collection (Original stories) 19 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Cuentos de amor victorianos (Contributeur) 17 exemplaire(s)
Wild Night Company: Irish Tales of Terror (Contributeur) 16 exemplaire(s)
The Big Book of Victorian Mysteries (Contributeur) 15 exemplaire(s)
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (Contributeur) 14 exemplaire(s)
Dare to be Different (Contributeur) 13 exemplaire(s)
Dark Holidays: A Collection of Ghost Stories (Contributeur) 13 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
All verdens fortellere (Auteur, quelques éditions) 13 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Specter! A Chrestomathy of Spookery (Contributeur) 13 exemplaire(s)
The chameleon (Contributeur) 10 exemplaire(s)
Urban Crime Short Stories (Gothic Fantasy) (Contributeur) 9 exemplaire(s)
Fun Phantoms: Tales of Ghostly Entertainment (Contributeur) 9 exemplaire(s)
The Star Child: A Fairy Tale (Original Author) 8 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Love Stories (Contributeur) 8 exemplaire(s)
A Little Night Reading (Auteur) 8 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Thin Air: An Anthology of Ghost Stories (Contributeur) 7 exemplaire(s)
A Treasury of Great Short Stories (Contributeur) 7 exemplaire(s)
Kipling and the Critics (Contributeur) 6 exemplaire(s)
Fear! Fear! Fear! (Contributeur) 6 exemplaire(s)
Jabberwocky 3 (Contributeur) 5 exemplaire(s)
The Selfish Giant [2013 film] (Original book) 4 exemplaire(s)
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos (Contributeur) 4 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Canterville Ghost: Opera After Oscar Wilde (Original text) 3 exemplaire(s)
Lady Windermere's Fan [1925 film] (Original book) 3 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Six Short Stories (Contributeur) 3 exemplaire(s)
Best Crime Stories (Contributeur) 3 exemplaire(s)
The Picture of Dorian Gray [1973 TV movie] (Original book) 3 exemplaire(s)
The Star Child (Clay Classics) [1994 film] (Original story) 2 exemplaire(s)
An Ideal Husband [1999 film] (Original play) 2 exemplaire(s)
An Ideal Husband [1947 film] (Original play) 1 exemplaire
Wakacje Wśród Duchów (Contributeur) 1 exemplaire
The Fan [1949 film] (Original story) 1 exemplaire
Fantastyczne Opowieści (Contributeur) 1 exemplaire

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Books to read for Book Club
First Tuesday Book Club, Mardi, Novembre 1, 2011 à 0am
Oscar Wilde, The Happy Prince and Other Stories [Nine stories].

Brought by our guest Julia Baird, Oscar Wilde’s short but beautiful and bittersweet story of a gilded statue who gives all that he has to give is one that has touched generations of readers. Winner of this year’s Pulitzer Prize Jennifer Egans’ extraordinary, elastic novel shuttles the reader backwards and forwards though time and place, following the lives of former punk rocker now successful music biz tycoon, Bennie and his personal assistant Sasha. (alexdaw)… (plus d'informations)

Oscar Wilde a 22 évènements passés. (show)

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Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, the early 1890s saw him become one of the most popular playwrights in London. He is best remembered for his epigrams, plays, and his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Wilde's parents were Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. A young Wilde learned to speak fluent French and German. At university, Wilde read Greats; he demonstrated himself to be an exceptional classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin, then at Oxford. He became associated with the emerging philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French while in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London.

At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde prosecuted the Marquess of Queensberry for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life.
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Bibliothèque historique: Oscar Wilde

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