Photo de l'auteur

Henry Fielding (1707–1754)

Auteur de Histoire de Tom Jones, enfant trouvé

263+ oeuvres 14,484 utilisateurs 175 critiques 36 Favoris

A propos de l'auteur

Henry Fielding, 1707 - 1754 A succcessful playwright in his twenties, Henry Fielding turned to the study of law and then to journalism, fiction, and a judgeship after his Historical Register, a political satire on the Walpole government, contributed to the censorship of plays that put him out of afficher plus business. As an impoverished member of the upper classes, he knew the country squires and the town nobility; as a successful young playwright, the London jet set; as a judge at the center of London, the city's thieves, swindlers, petty officials, shopkeepers, and vagabonds. As a political journalist (editor-author of The Champion, 1739-1741; The True Patriot, 1745-1746; The Jacobite's Journal, 1747-1748; The Covent-Garden Journal, 1752), he participated in argument and intrigue over everything from London elections to national policy. He knowledgeably attacked and defended a range of politicians, from ward heelers to the Prince of Wales. When Fielding undertook writing prose fiction to ridicule the simple morality of Pamela by Samuel Richardson, he first wrote the hilarious burlesque Shamela (1741). However, he soon found himself considering all the forces working on humans, and in Joseph Andrews (1742) (centering on his invented brother of Pamela), he played with the patterns of Homer, the Bible, and Cervantes to create what he called "a comic epic poem in prose." His preface describing this new art form is one of the major documents in literary criticism of the novel. Jonathan Wild, a fictional rogue biography of a year later, plays heavily with ironic techniques that leave unsettled Fielding's great and recurring theme: the difficulty of uniting goodness, or an outflowing love of others, with prudence in a world where corrupted institutions support divisive pride rather than harmony and self-fulfillment. In his masterpiece Tom Jones (1749), Fielding not only faces this issue persuasively but also shows for the first time the possibility of bringing a whole world into an artistic unity, as his model Homer had done in verse. Fielding develops a coherent and centered sequence of events-something Congreve had done casually on a small scale in Incognita 60 years before. In addition he also relates the plot organically to character and theme, by which he gives us a vision of the archetypal good person (Tom) on a journey toward understanding. Every act by every character in the book reflects the special and typical psychology of that character and the proper moral response. In Tom Jones, Fielding affirms the existence of an order under the surface of chaos. In his last novel, Amelia (1751), which realistically examines the misery of London, he can find nothing reliable except the prudent good heart, and that only if its possessor escapes into the country. Fielding based the title character on his second wife, with whom he was deeply in love. However, ill himself, still saddened by the deaths of his intensely loved first wife and daughter, and depressed by a London magistrate's endless toil against corruption, Fielding saw little hope for goodness in that novel or in his informal Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon (1755). Shortly after traveling to Lisbon for his health, Fielding died at the age of 47, having proved to his contemporaries and successors that the lowly novel was capable of the richest achievements of art. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: wikipedia


Œuvres de Henry Fielding

Histoire de Tom Jones, enfant trouvé (1749) 8,111 exemplaires
Joseph Andrews (1742) 1,771 exemplaires
Joseph Andrews and Shamela (1741) 1,502 exemplaires
Jonathan Wild (1741) 521 exemplaires
Amélia (1751) 376 exemplaires
Tom Jones (Norton Critical Editions) (1973) 339 exemplaires
Anti-Pamela AND Shamela (1741) 103 exemplaires
Shamela (1741) 92 exemplaires
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contributeur — 58 exemplaires
Pamela/Shamela (1980) 52 exemplaires
The Works of Henry Fielding, Esq. (1900) 36 exemplaires
Tom Jones [Penguin Readers] (1999) 35 exemplaires
Joseph Andrews (1/2) (2006) 31 exemplaires
Amelia (2/2) (1902) 23 exemplaires
Joseph Andrews (2/2) (2007) 22 exemplaires
Historical register for the year 1736 and Eurydice hissed (1967) — Auteur — 20 exemplaires
Tom Jones [abridged] (1948) 19 exemplaires
The Grub-Street opera (1963) 18 exemplaires
Amelia (1/2) (1968) 17 exemplaires
[unidentified works] (2009) 8 exemplaires
The Female Husband (2010) 6 exemplaires
Henry Fielding : Romans (1964) 6 exemplaires
Miscellanies (1993) 6 exemplaires
Tom Jones (4/4) — Auteur — 4 exemplaires
Vintage Lust: "The Rachel Papers" (2007) 4 exemplaires
The Lovers Assistant (2010) 4 exemplaires
Amelia (3/3) (1903) 4 exemplaires
The Mock Doctor (2004) 3 exemplaires
Amelia (1/3) (1903) 3 exemplaires
Amelia (2/3) (1903) 3 exemplaires
Tom Jones (1/3) (1966) 3 exemplaires
Pasquin 3 exemplaires
Tom Jones (3/4) — Auteur — 3 exemplaires
Tom Jones (3/3) — Auteur — 2 exemplaires
Tom Jones (2/3) — Auteur — 2 exemplaires
The wedding-day 2 exemplaires
Rape Upon Rape (2019) 2 exemplaires
Tom Jones 2 Cilt Takim 2 exemplaires
Farsy 2 exemplaires
Tom Jones vol. 1 1 exemplaire
Tom Jones Vol II 1 exemplaire
The Grub Street Opera (1968) 1 exemplaire
Covent-Garden Journal 1 exemplaire
Hry, Jonathan Wild 1 exemplaire
Tom Jones, Vol 2 1 exemplaire
Everyman's library 1 exemplaire
Scenes and Characters 1 exemplaire
Tom Jones (2/4) — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Tom Jones (1/4) — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
The Modern Husband (2004) 1 exemplaire
Amelia Parts ll & lll 1 exemplaire
Izbrannye sochineniia (1989) 1 exemplaire
The Intriguing Chambermaid (2019) 1 exemplaire
South Wind 1 exemplaire
The Works (2016) 1 exemplaire
Amelia. Vol I (2008) 1 exemplaire
Shamela Andrews 1 exemplaire
Miscellanies and poems (1872) 1 exemplaire
Фарсы 1 exemplaire

Oeuvres associées

Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Contributeur — 519 exemplaires
English Poetry, Volume II: From Collins to Fitzgerald (1910) — Contributeur — 508 exemplaires
Eighteenth-Century English Literature (1969) — Auteur — 187 exemplaires
Eighteenth-Century Plays (1952) — Contributeur — 151 exemplaires
The Adventures of David Simple (1744) — Preface, quelques éditions141 exemplaires
British Dramatists from Dryden to Sheridan (1939) — Contributeur, quelques éditions91 exemplaires
The Essential Writings of Jonathan Swift [Norton Critical Edition] (1742) — Contributeur — 79 exemplaires
Tom Jones (1963) — Original book — 65 exemplaires
Eighteenth Century Plays (1928) — Contributeur — 62 exemplaires
Modern Arthurian Literature (1992) — Contributeur — 31 exemplaires
A Skeleton At the Helm (2008) — Contributeur — 28 exemplaires
Eighteenth Century Women: An Anthology (1984) — Contributeur — 23 exemplaires
Lock Up Your Daughters, Acting Edition (1967) — Original book — 15 exemplaires
Law in Action: An Anthology of the Law in Literature (1947) — Contributeur — 13 exemplaires
Englische Essays aus drei Jahrhunderten (1980) — Contributeur — 10 exemplaires
Great Love Scenes from Famous Novels (1943) — Contributeur — 5 exemplaires
Famous Stories of Five Centuries (1934) — Contributeur — 4 exemplaires
Joseph Andrews [1977 film] (1977) — Original book — 3 exemplaires
Satire, burlesque, protest, and ridicule II (1974) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
Political operas I: Satire and allegory (1974) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
The medical and legal professions [ballad operas] (1974) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
Farce: amorous intrigue and deception I (1975) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
70 Greatest Love Stories in Fiction: Historical Novels Edition (2021) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire


Partage des connaissances



Folio Archives 297: Tom Jones by Henry Fielding 2008 à Folio Society Devotees (Novembre 2022)


»Madame de Riccoboni a altéré l'original anglais, mais elle a rendu le roman plus agréable, d'autant plus qu'elle a pris la liberté d'abréger quelques détails peu intéressants. » D. P.
MarieAntoinette | 4 autres critiques | Jan 21, 2008 |
»Cette traduction (par l'abbé Desfontaines) a eu peu de succès, quoique le roman soit par lui-mc'me assez particulier. Il peint bien les mœurs anglaises. L'abbé Desfontaines, dans ni dernier tome des Observations sur les écrits modernes, lit un éloge excessif de ce roman qui avait paru en anglais l'année précédente, 1742 : il dit que l'auteur s'est proposé pour modèle Michel de Cervantes, et qu'il l'égale et le surpasse il assure que ce roman est un chef-d'œuvre de conduite. » D. P.… (plus d'informations)
MarieAntoinette | 22 autres critiques | Jan 21, 2008 |
•Ce roman et sa traduction sont très estimés en France. Il y eut un arrêt du conseil qui supprima la première édition (Londres, 1730) avec des circonstances désagréables pour l'auteur. » D. P.
MarieAntoinette | 95 autres critiques | Jan 21, 2008 |
TB. Jaquette
Mairesse | Dec 1, 2013 |


1740s (1)
AP Lit (1)
My TBR (1)
100 (1)

Prix et récompenses

Vous aimerez peut-être aussi

Auteurs associés

Nikolai Gogol Contributor
Sir Walter Scott Contributor
Guy de Maupassant Contributor
Gaston Leroux Contributor
Washington Irving Contributor
Sun Tzu Contributor
Fyodor Dostoyevsky Contributor
Jane Austen Contributor
Blaise Pascal Contributor
Honore de Balzac Contributor
Stendhal Contributor
Arthur Machen Contributor
Theodor Fontane Contributor
Emily Brontë Contributor
John Webster Contributor
Anne Brontë Contributor
Alphonse Daudet Contributor
Honoré de Balzac Contributor
Thomas Dekker Contributor
George Sand Contributor
Mary Shelley Contributor
Theodore Dreiser Contributor
Mark Twain Contributor
Virginia Woolf Contributor
Aldous Huxley Contributor
Homer Contributor
Oscar Wilde Contributor
Henry James Contributor
Joseph Conrad Contributor
Leo Tolstoy Contributor
Lewis Carroll Contributor
Louisa May Alcott Contributor
Charlotte Brontë Contributor
Herman Melville Contributor
D. H. Lawrence Contributor
George Eliot Contributor
E. M. Forster Contributor
Edgar Allan Poe Contributor
H. P. Lovecraft Contributor
Alexandre Dumas Contributor
Gustave Flaubert Contributor
Dante Alighieri Contributor
Victor Hugo Contributor
Bram Stoker Contributor
Marcel Proust Contributor
Jack London Contributor
Arthur Conan Doyle Contributor
Henri Barbusse Contributor
Janet McAlpin Retold by
François Quesnai Contributor
George Whitefield Contributor
Voltaire Contributor
David Hume Contributor
Edward Gibbon Contributor
Adam Smith Contributor
Samuel Johnson Contributor
John Toland Contributor
Joseph Butler Contributor
Kenneth Hopkins Introduction (Tom Jones), Introduction
Frank Martin Illustrator (Jonathan Wild)
Martin Horder Introduction (Amelia)
Simon Brett Cover Designer (all); Illustrator (Amelia)
Derrick Harris Illustrator (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
Harry Diamond Illustrator
Justin Rainey Activities by
James Butler Adapted by
Claude Rawson Introduction
Tom Keymer Editor, Introduction
Warren Chappell Illustrator
Edward Gorey Cover designer
Fritz Göttler Afterword
Pina Sergi Translator
Siegfried Lang Translator
Hubert Gravelot Illustrator
Frank Kermode Afterword
T. M. Cleland Illustrator
Louis Kronenberger Introduction
Ralph H. Singleton Introduction
Marja Alopaeus Translator
Maynard Mack Introduction
Rufus Sewell Narrator
J. H. Plumb Foreword
Hugh Amory Editor
Daniela Fink Translator
George Cruikshank Cover artist
A. R. Humphreys Introduction
John M. Bullitt Introduction


Aussi par
½ 3.7

Tableaux et graphiques