Photo de l'auteur

F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896–1940)

Auteur de Gatsby le magnifique

645+ oeuvres 124,849 utilisateurs 1,863 critiques 453 Favoris
Il y a 1 discussion ouverte sur cet auteur. Voir maintenant.

A propos de l'auteur

F(rancis) Scott Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, on September 24, 1896. He was educated at Princeton University and served in the U.S. Army from 1917 to 1919, attaining the rank of second lieutenant. In 1920 Fitzgerald married Zelda Sayre, a young woman of the upper class, and they had a afficher plus daughter, Frances. Fitzgerald is regarded as one of the finest American writers of the 20th Century. His most notable work was the novel, The Great Gatsby (1925). The novel focused on the themes of the Roaring Twenties and of the loss of innocence and ethics among the nouveau riche. He also made many contributions to American literature in the form of short stories, plays, poetry, music, and letters. Ernest Hemingway, who was greatly influenced by Fitzgerald's short stories, wrote that Fitzgerald's talent was "as fine as the dust on a butterfly's wing." Yet during his lifetime Fitzgerald never had a bestselling novel and, toward the end of his life, he worked sporadically as a screenwriter at motion picture studios in Los Angeles. There he contributed to scripts for such popular films as Winter Carnival and Gone with the Wind. Fitzgerald's work is inseparable from the Roaring 20s. Berenice Bobs Her Hair and A Diamond As Big As The Ritz, are two short stories included in his collections, Tales of the Jazz Age and Flappers and Philosophers. His first novel The Beautiful and Damned was flawed but set up Fitzgerald's major themes of the fleeting nature of youthfulness and innocence, unattainable love, and middle-class aspiration for wealth and respectability, derived from his own courtship of Zelda. This Side of Paradise (1920) was Fitzgerald's first unqualified success. Tender Is the Night, a mature look at the excesses of the exuberant 20s, was published in 1934. Much of Fitzgerald's work has been adapted for film, including Tender is the Night , The Great Gatsby, and Babylon Revisited which was adapted as The Last Time I Saw Paris by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1954. The Last Tycoon, adapted by Paramount in 1976, was a work in progress when Fitzgerald died of a heart attack on December 21, 1940, in Hollywood, California. Fitzgerald is buried in the historic St. Mary's Cemetery in Rockville, Maryland. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers, Manuscripts Division,
Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections,
Princeton University Library
(photo courtesy of Princeton University)

Séries

Œuvres de F. Scott Fitzgerald

Gatsby le magnifique (1925) 72,448 exemplaires
Tendre est la nuit (1934) 12,970 exemplaires
L'envers du paradis (1920) 9,476 exemplaires
Les heureux et les damnés (1922) 6,246 exemplaires
Le dernier nabab (1941) 2,597 exemplaires
Babylon Revisited and Other Stories (1960) 1,304 exemplaires
L'Effondrement (1945) 918 exemplaires
Les enfants du jazz (1922) 833 exemplaires
Flappers and Philosophers (1920) 751 exemplaires
Un diamant gros comme le Ritz (1951) 523 exemplaires
Histoires de Pat Hobby (1962) 448 exemplaires
F. Scott Fitzgerald: Classic Works (2013) 340 exemplaires
The Basil and Josephine Stories (1973) 287 exemplaires
Six Tales of the Jazz Age (1960) 275 exemplaires
On Booze (2011) 193 exemplaires
The Letters of F. Scott Fitzgerald (1963) 184 exemplaires
The Collected Short Stories (1986) 176 exemplaires
Jazz Age Stories {12 stories} (1998) 166 exemplaires
Afternoon of an Author (1957) 166 exemplaires
Fragments du paradis (1973) 160 exemplaires
The Great Gatsby / Tender Is The Night / The Last Tycoon (1953) — Auteur — 107 exemplaires
Collected Stories: Lost Decade and Other Stories v. 5 (1963) — Auteur — 107 exemplaires
Magnetism (1996) 102 exemplaires
Taps at Reveille (1935) 91 exemplaires
All the Sad Young Men (1926) 89 exemplaires
May Day (1920) 89 exemplaires
La ballade du rossignol roulant (1990) 82 exemplaires
The Rich Boy (2001) 73 exemplaires
Tales of the Jazz Age {18 stories} (2002) 73 exemplaires
The Great Gatsby and Other Stories (1977) 70 exemplaires
Gatsby Girls (2013) 69 exemplaires
Carnets (1978) 69 exemplaires
A Short Autobiography (2011) 69 exemplaires
The Fitzgerald Reader (1963) 68 exemplaires
De l'écriture (1985) 60 exemplaires
Stories for Summer (1987) 58 exemplaires
Winter Dreams (1900) 58 exemplaires
Love in the Night (1994) 54 exemplaires
The F. Scott Fitzgerald Collection (2019) 52 exemplaires
Tales of the Jazz Age {8 stories} (2011) 44 exemplaires
The Diamond as Big as the Ritz (1963) 34 exemplaires
21 Essential American Short Stories (2011) — Contributeur — 25 exemplaires
The Great Gatsby [adapted] (2005) 22 exemplaires
The Popular Girl (2005) 21 exemplaires
The Offshore Pirate (2004) 21 exemplaires
Romanzi (1983) 19 exemplaires
The Ice Palace [short story] (2004) — Auteur — 18 exemplaires
La Sorcière rousse (2002) 18 exemplaires
Love boat (1983) 17 exemplaires
The Baby Party and other stories (1991) 16 exemplaires
Babylon Revisited: The Screenplay (1993) 15 exemplaires
Forgotten Fitzgerald (2014) 15 exemplaires
F. Scott Fitzgerald on Authorship (1996) 14 exemplaires
24 Contos de F.Scott Fitzgerald (2004) 13 exemplaires
Benjamin Button'in Tuhaf Hikayesi (2020) — Auteur — 13 exemplaires
Cuentos 1 - Scott Fitzgerald (1998) 13 exemplaires
Poems 1911-1940 (1981) 10 exemplaires
Een dag in mei (2013) 10 exemplaires
The Fantasy and Mystery Stories (1991) 9 exemplaires
Wiedersehen mit Babylon. (1981) 9 exemplaires
The Jelly-Bean {short story} (2004) 9 exemplaires
Love Stories (Macmillan Readers) (2009) 9 exemplaires
Head And Shoulders (2004) 9 exemplaires
Selected Short Stories (1973) 8 exemplaires
Parties (2020) 7 exemplaires
Three Comrades [1938 film] (1938) — Screenwriter — 7 exemplaires
Five by Fitzgerald (2011) 7 exemplaires
De zwemmers de beste verhalen (1996) 7 exemplaires
The Cut-Glass Bowl (2009) 7 exemplaires
F. Scott Fitzgerald and 'The Last of the Belles' [1974 TV movie] (1974) — Original book — 7 exemplaires
Meistererzählungen. (2002) 6 exemplaires
A New Leaf (2015) 6 exemplaires
Crazy Sunday 6 exemplaires
Short Stories Collection (2016) 5 exemplaires
Der gefangene Schatten (Nr.97/6) (1980) 5 exemplaires
Thank You for the Light (2012) 5 exemplaires
Los mejores cuentos (2009) 5 exemplaires
The Camel's Back (2010) 5 exemplaires
Dalyrimple Goes Wrong (2009) 5 exemplaires
Contes de l'âge du jazz (2009) 5 exemplaires
Gods of Darkness 5 exemplaires
The Sensible Thing (2020) 5 exemplaires
Three Great American Novels (1953) 5 exemplaires
The Bedside Esquire (1940) 4 exemplaires
I racconti (2013) 4 exemplaires
Short Stories (2016) 4 exemplaires
De rijke jongen (2013) 4 exemplaires
"O Russet Witch!" (1922) 4 exemplaires
Porcelain and Pink (2014) 4 exemplaires
Winterträume (2009) 4 exemplaires
Der letzte Kuss (detebe) (2009) 4 exemplaires
The Late Gatsby (2012) 4 exemplaires
Benediction (2008) 4 exemplaires
Historier fra jazztiden (2013) 4 exemplaires
Die Romane. 5 Bde (2006) 4 exemplaires
Eclats du paradis (1977) 4 exemplaires
Belos e Malditos 3 exemplaires
Cuentos reunidos (2010) 3 exemplaires
Essential Fitzgerald CD (2006) 3 exemplaires
This Side of Paradise / The Last Tycoon — Auteur — 3 exemplaires
El pagaré (2021) 3 exemplaires
The I.O.U. 3 exemplaires
The Four Fists (2020) 3 exemplaires
The Great Gatsby Coloring Book (2021) 3 exemplaires
Il blues del Rottame Vagante (2011) 3 exemplaires
Suave e a noite (1996) 3 exemplaires
Primo maggio (in 38 racconti) (2016) 3 exemplaires
Fuori dai giochi (2014) 3 exemplaires
Den charmiska flappern (1998) 3 exemplaires
Gesammelte Erzählungen (2009) 3 exemplaires
Novels 3 exemplaires
Poemas de la era del jazz (2013) 3 exemplaires
The Lees of Happiness (2008) — Auteur — 3 exemplaires
Last Kiss [short story] (2017) 3 exemplaires
A change of class (2016) 3 exemplaires
20. Los mejores cuentos (2012) 2 exemplaires
Uçarı Kızlar ve Filozoflar (2021) 2 exemplaires
Caz Çağı Öyküleri (2021) 2 exemplaires
A Night At The Fair 2 exemplaires
An Alcoholic Case (1937) 2 exemplaires
Noveller 2 exemplaires
Babylon Revisited [short story] (2019) 2 exemplaires
Früher Erfolg (2012) 2 exemplaires
38 racconti (racconti) 2 exemplaires
Cuentos 2 exemplaires
The Great Gatsby & Other Stories (1985) 2 exemplaires
Marele Gatsby Carte Pentru Toti (2020) 2 exemplaires
Racconti dispersi vol. III (2000) 2 exemplaires
Natten Är Ljuv 2 exemplaires
Den sista skönheten (1997) 2 exemplaires
Financiando a Finnegan 2 exemplaires
Emotional Bankruptcy 2 exemplaires
Liebe in der Nacht (2015) 2 exemplaires
Velikii Getsbi (2019) 2 exemplaires
Two Wrongs (2019) 2 exemplaires
Cei frumoşi şi blestemaţi (2012) 2 exemplaires
The Great Gatsby : Manuscript (2017) 2 exemplaires
More Than Just a House (2015) 2 exemplaires
Caz Cagi Öyküleri (2018) 2 exemplaires
Short stories = Nouvelles (1991) 2 exemplaires
La Fêlure 1 exemplaire
BLINDETEA NOPTII 1 exemplaire
Ventotto racconti 1 exemplaire
Létà del jazz 1 exemplaire
Mas Aca del Paraíso 1 exemplaire
Il cuore in attesa 1 exemplaire
Racconti dispersi vol. IV (2001) 1 exemplaire
Flaperas y filósofos 1 exemplaire
Book B0BTK6G5SV 1 exemplaire
Gretchen's Forty Winks (2016) 1 exemplaire
Festa da ballo 1 exemplaire
GETSBI I MADH 1 exemplaire
Son Dus 1 exemplaire
Gli anni della crisi (2014) 1 exemplaire
Takový Pěkný Par 1 exemplaire
Niño Bien 1 exemplaire
Z tej strony raju 1 exemplaire
Švelni naktis: [romanas] (2015) 1 exemplaire
28 Racconti (Vol.1) 1 exemplaire
Kopneni gusar : i druge priče (2016) 1 exemplaire
gli ultimi fuochi 1 exemplaire
Historia de Pat Hobby 1 exemplaire
Sevecendir Gece (2014) 1 exemplaire
Cuentos rebeldes (2022) 1 exemplaire
Kratak put kući i druge priče (2020) 1 exemplaire
Tenera è la notte 1 exemplaire
La longue fuite 1 exemplaire
The Scandal Detectives (2016) 1 exemplaire
Entre trois et quatre 1 exemplaire
Die besten Stories (1954) 1 exemplaire
Magnétisme et autres nouvelles (2014) 1 exemplaire
L'ultima volta che vidi Parigi (2015) 1 exemplaire
Velský Garsby 1 exemplaire
Mr. Icky (2016) 1 exemplaire
The Last Tycoon 1 exemplaire
Cennetin Bu Yakasi (2017) 1 exemplaire
Dearly Beloved 1 exemplaire
Bedankt voor het vuurtje (2013) 1 exemplaire
Letter of F Scott Fitzgerald (1963) 1 exemplaire
Fyra amerikanska klassiker från Novellix (2017) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
A Luckless Santa Claus (2008) 1 exemplaire
Maipüha : kolm juttu (2011) 1 exemplaire
Den sidste mogul (2008) 1 exemplaire
Aucun titre 1 exemplaire
Niño bien y otros cuentos (1978) 1 exemplaire
A Short Trip Home 1 exemplaire
Gekke zondag en andere verhalen (1977) 1 exemplaire
The Dial, Vol. 1. — owner — 1 exemplaire
Best Jazz Age Stories 1 exemplaire
The Hungry Ocean 1 exemplaire
To Die For (2015) 1 exemplaire
Jacob's Ladder (2015) 1 exemplaire
Selections (Reynard Library) (1962) 1 exemplaire
Az ólomkristály 1 exemplaire
Terna E A Noite 1 exemplaire
Suve é a Noite 1 exemplaire
Getsbi i madh 1 exemplaire
Tre romaner (2023) 1 exemplaire
The Swimmers 1 exemplaire
Financing Finnegan 1 exemplaire
What a Handsome Pair! 1 exemplaire
Six of One 1 exemplaire
A Freeze Out 1 exemplaire
The Hotel Child 1 exemplaire
One Trip Abroad 1 exemplaire
The Bridal Party 1 exemplaire
First Blood 1 exemplaire
At Your Age 1 exemplaire
Majesty 1 exemplaire
Basil and Cleopatra 1 exemplaire
The Captured Shadow 1 exemplaire
The Bowl 1 exemplaire
A Shirt Trip Home 1 exemplaire
Absolution 1 exemplaire
Đại Gia Gatsby 1 exemplaire
Pat Hobby em Hollywood (1993) 1 exemplaire
Five by Fitzgerald 1 exemplaire
ESTE LADO DO PARAISO 1 exemplaire
Great Gatsby Minibook (2021) 1 exemplaire
Porcelain and Pink 1 exemplaire
The Great Gatsby 1 exemplaire
The Great Gatsby 1 exemplaire
Cuentos selectos (2015) 1 exemplaire

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An Anthology of Famous American Stories (1953) — Contributeur — 139 exemplaires
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The Oxford Book of Twentieth-Century Ghost Stories (1996) — Contributeur — 71 exemplaires
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The Last Tycoon [1976 film] (2003) — Orginal novel — 17 exemplaires
Great Classic Stories II: Eighteen Unabridged Classics (2010) — Contributeur — 16 exemplaires
The Saturday Evening Post Book of the Sea and Ships (1978) — Contributeur — 16 exemplaires
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Love Stories: Classic Tales of Romance (2010) — Contributeur — 13 exemplaires
The night before Chancellorsville, and other Civil War stories (1957) — Contributeur — 13 exemplaires
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A Treasury of Doctor Stories (1946) — Contributeur — 9 exemplaires
The Caedmon Short Story Collection (2001) — Contributeur — 8 exemplaires
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Étiqueté

Partage des connaissances

Nom canonique
Fitzgerald, F. Scott
Nom légal
Fitzgerald, Francis Scott Key
Autres noms
D'Invilliers, Thomas Parke
Date de naissance
1896-09-24
Date de décès
1940-12-21
Lieu de sépulture
Rockville Union Cemetery, Rockville, Maryland, USA (1940)
St. Mary's Cemetery, Rockville, Maryland, USA (1975, reburied at the family plot)
Sexe
male
Nationalité
USA
Lieu de naissance
St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
Lieu du décès
Hollywood, California, USA
Cause du décès
heart attack
Lieux de résidence
St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
Buffalo, New York, USA
New York, New York, USA
Towson, Maryland, USA
Hollywood, California, USA
Hackensack, New Jersey, USA (tout afficher 10)
Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Montgomery, Alabama, USA
Paris, France
Encino, California, USA
Études
Holy Angels Convent
Nardin Academy
St. Paul Academy
Newman School
Princeton University
Professions
novelist
short-story writer
screenwriter
playwright
poet
lyricist (tout afficher 7)
second lieutenant
Relations
Fitzgerald, Zelda (wife)
Smith, Scottie Fitzgerald (daughter)
Lanahan, Eleanor (granddaughter)
Perkins, Maxwell E. (friend)
Wilson, Edmund (friend)
Hemingway, Ernest (friend) (tout afficher 14)
Cowley, Malcolm (friend)
Murphy, Gerald (friend)
Lardner, Ring (friend)
West, Nathanael (friend)
Bishop, John Peale (friend)
Graham, Sheilah (girlfriend)
Key, Francis Scott (cousin)
Ring, Frances Kroll (personal secretary)
Organisations
United States Army
Prix et distinctions
New Jersey Hall of Fame
Fitzgerald Theater
Agent
Harold Ober (1929--1940)
Courte biographie
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American novelist, essayist, screenwriter, and short-story writer, although he was best known for his novels depicting the flamboyance and excess of the Jazz Age—a term which he coined. During his lifetime, he published four novels, four collections of short stories, and 164 short stories. Although he temporarily achieved popular success and fortune in the 1920s, Fitzgerald only received wide critical and popular acclaim after his death. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.

Fitzgerald was born into an upper-middle-class family in St. Paul, Minnesota, but was primarily raised in New York. He attended Princeton University, but due to a failed relationship and a preoccupation with writing, he dropped out in 1917 to join the army. While stationed in Alabama, he fell in love with rich socialite Zelda Sayre. Although she initially rejected him due to his financial situation, Zelda agreed to marry Fitzgerald after he had published the commercially successful This Side of Paradise (1920).

In the 1920s, Fitzgerald frequented Europe, where he was influenced by the modernist writers and artists of the "Lost Generation" expatriate community, particularly Ernest Hemingway. His second novel, The Beautiful and Damned (1922), propelled him into the New York City elite. To maintain his lifestyle during this time, he also wrote several stories for magazines. His third novel, The Great Gatsby (1925), was inspired by his rise to fame and relationship with Zelda. Although it received mixed reviews, The Great Gatsby is now widely praised, with some even labeling it the "Great American Novel". While Zelda was placed at a mental institute for her schizophrenia, Fitzgerald completed his final novel, Tender Is the Night (1934).

Faced with financial difficulties due to the declining popularity of his works, Fitzgerald turned to Hollywood, writing and revising screenplays. After a long struggle with alcoholism, he died in 1940, at the age of 44. A fifth, unfinished novel, The Last Tycoon (1941), was completed by Edmund Wilson and published after Fitzgerald's death.

Membres

Discussions

Arete Editions’ The Curious Case of Benjamin Button à Fine Press Forum (Novembre 2023)
Century Press - Letterpress The Great Gatsby à Fine Press Forum (Novembre 2022)
The Great Gatsby - FS editions à Folio Society Devotees (Mars 2015)
The Great Gatsby à Geeks who love the Classics (Juin 2013)
GR: The Great Gatsby- get in and read before the film release! à 75 Books Challenge for 2013 (Avril 2013)
F. Scott Fitzgerald story à Name that Book (Février 2012)

Critiques

Un vrai plaisir de lecture que ce plongeon dans les années folles à Long Island, la Riviera de New-York, et toute cette bourgeoisie mondaine et richissime qui occupe son temps en d'innombrables soirées où tout est possible.
Le personnage de Gatsby est mystérieux, unique, à la fois attachant et horripilant par sa suffisance, sa fortune, son air de ne rien prendre au sérieux. Toute une cour tourne autour de lui, chez lui, dans sa somptueuse demeure qui accueille tous ceux qui souhaitent participer à ce faste et être vus et reconnus au sein de ce microcosme huppé. Amours, désillusions, fortunes, corruptions, tout est là, cachant des vies amères, des absences de sens, des désillusions.
Le narrateur, Nick Carraway, le voisin le plus proche de Gatsby et qui devient son ami tout en restant très conscient de l'étrangeté du personnage, assiste au déroulement de la vie de cet être fortuné et au fond très perdu, qui s'est construit avec l'aide d'un escroc pour gravir l'échelle sociale afin de retrouver Daisy, son unique amour, d'un autre monde que lui, qui a finalement épousé un autre homme.
Jusqu'au drame final, un magnifique témoignage d'une époque révolue, dans une écriture somptueuse. J'en reste imprégnée pendant un bon moment...
… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
fiestalire | 1,174 autres critiques | Aug 12, 2021 |
> "LOTS OF LOVE" par Scott et Scottie Fitzgerald. — Pour Fitzgerald, cette correspondance avec sa fille fut un ultime défi, "une victoire et une rédemption", avant sa mort, en 1940.
En 1936, Fitzgerald a 40 ans, et il ressemble à une épave. Détruit par l'alcool, abandonné par la gloire, il est au bout du rouleau et il ne lui reste qu'un seul espoir : sa fille Scottie, 15 ans, à laquelle il envoie ces lettres poignantes, qui scintillent comme des étoiles dans la nuit. Et qui sont les tendres messages d'un père attentif, complice, disponible, soucieux d'épargner à l'adolescente ses propres tourments. "Je ne veux pas que tu perdes ta gaieté, ni ton sérieux", dit Scott à Scottie, qui lui adresse à son tour des missives qui ont le charme de l'insouciance. Pour Fitzgerald, cette correspondance fut un ultime défi, "une victoire et une rédemption", avant sa mort, en 1940.
L'Express

> Babelio : https://www.babelio.com/livres/Fitzgerald-Lots-of-Love--Scott-et-Scottie--corres...
… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
Joop-le-philosophe | 1 autre critique | Feb 10, 2021 |
…و جزينا و جزينا و جزينا و…

…mieux pour inclure l'introduction réécrite de Fitzgerald en référence à HL Mencken. Il est dommage que ce livre n'ait pas été disponible gratuitement au moment de la lecture dans son pays d'origine en raison de son délai de limitation de copie plus long, contrairement à d'autres endroits.…
 
Signalé
AAAO | 1,174 autres critiques | Dec 26, 2020 |
> Esprit, No. 3 (3) (Mars 1977), pp. 504-506 : https://esprit.presse.fr/article/le-vot-andre/f-scott-et-zelda-fitzgerald-eclats...

> Babelio : rel="nofollow" target="_top">https://www.babelio.com/livres/Fitzgerald-Eclats-du-paradis/511519

> Collin Françoise. F. Scott et Zelda Fitzgerald, Éclats du paradis.
In: Les Cahiers du GRIF, n°16, 1977. Leur crise nos luttes. p. 109. … ; (en ligne),
URL : https://www.persee.fr/doc/grif_0770-6081_1977_num_16_1_1173_t1_0109_0000_7… (plus d'informations)
 
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Joop-le-philosophe | Sep 11, 2020 |

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