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E. M. Forster (1879–1970)

Auteur de Route des Indes

167+ oeuvres 49,774 utilisateurs 774 critiques 269 Favoris
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A propos de l'auteur

Edward Morgan Forster was born on January 1, 1879, in London, England. He never knew his father, who died when Forster was an infant. Forster graduated from King's College, Cambridge, with B.A. degrees in classics (1900) and history (1901), as well as an M.A. (1910). In the mid-1940s he returned to afficher plus Cambridge as a professor, living quietly there until his death in 1970. Forster was named to the Order of Companions of Honor to the Queen in 1953. Forster's writing was extensively influenced by the traveling he did in the earlier part of his life. After graduating from Cambridge, he lived in both Greece and Italy, and used the latter as the setting for the novels Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905) and A Room with a View (1908). The Longest Journey was published in 1907. Howard's End was modeled on the house he lived in with his mother during his childhood. During World War I, he worked as a Red Cross Volunteer in Alexandria, aiding in the search for missing soldiers; he later wrote about these experiences in the nonfiction works Alexandria: A History and Guide and Pharos and Pharillon. His two journeys to India, in 1912 and 1922, resulted in A Passage to India (1924), which many consider to be Forster's best work; this title earned the James Tait Black Memorial Prize. Forster wrote only six novels, all prior to 1925 (although Maurice was not published until 1971, a year after Forster's death, probably because of its homosexual theme). For much of the rest of his life, he wrote literary criticism (Aspects of the Novel) and nonfiction, including biographies (Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson), histories, political pieces, and radio broadcasts. Howard's End, A Room with a View, and A Passage to India have all been made into successful films. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: From Wikimedia Commons

Œuvres de E. M. Forster

Route des Indes (1924) 12,198 exemplaires
Avec vue sur l'Arno (1908) 10,909 exemplaires
Howards End (1910) — Auteur — 8,561 exemplaires
Maurice (1971) 4,063 exemplaires
Monteriano (1905) — Auteur — 3,058 exemplaires
Aspects du roman (1927) 2,239 exemplaires
Le plus long des voyages (1907) 1,460 exemplaires
Howards End / A Room with a View (1908) 662 exemplaires
La Machine s'arrête (1909) 644 exemplaires
The Life to Come: And Other Stories (1972) 496 exemplaires
A Room with a View / Howards End / Maurice (1911) — Auteur — 468 exemplaires
Collected Short Stories (1947) — Auteur — 377 exemplaires
Two Cheers for Democracy (1938) 286 exemplaires
Abinger Harvest (1936) 241 exemplaires
A Room with a View (Two-Disc Special Edition) (1985) — Novel — 237 exemplaires
La colline de Devi (1953) 196 exemplaires
Alexandrie (1922) 175 exemplaires
Retour à Howards End (Howards End) (1992) — Original novel — 133 exemplaires
Original Letters from India (1986) — Directeur de publication — 123 exemplaires
Pharos and Pharillon (1923) 106 exemplaires
Commonplace Book (1978) 86 exemplaires
Arctic Summer (1980) 84 exemplaires
Great Novels of E.M. Forster (1992) 67 exemplaires
Peter Grimes (1961) 53 exemplaires
Howards End and Other Stories (1997) 51 exemplaires
The New Collected Short Stories (1985) 49 exemplaires
The Obelisk (2009) 40 exemplaires
Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson (1934) 29 exemplaires
Le Cercle de Virginia (1942) 16 exemplaires
A Passage to India [play] (2002) 15 exemplaires
I racconti (1988) 13 exemplaires
The Other Side of the Hedge (1995) 13 exemplaires
What I Believe (1939) 10 exemplaires
Battersea Rise (1955) 9 exemplaires
A letter to Madan Blanchard (1932) 8 exemplaires
Romanzi (2004) 7 exemplaires
The Works of E.M. Forster (2009) 6 exemplaires
The Story of a Panic (2005) 6 exemplaires
Visions of Football (1997) 6 exemplaires
Nordic Twilight (1940) 6 exemplaires
Tots els contes (1995) 6 exemplaires
E. M. Forster: a tribute — Contributeur — 6 exemplaires
Quelle importance ? (1998) 5 exemplaires
Anonymity : an enquiry (1976) 5 exemplaires
The Story of the Siren (2010) 4 exemplaires
Other Kingdom (2005) 4 exemplaires
Roman Sanati (2014) 4 exemplaires
New Casebooks: E.M.Forster (1995) 3 exemplaires
Britten: Billy Budd (Libretto) (2011) 3 exemplaires
L'omnibus celeste: racconti (1990) 3 exemplaires
Rencontres et destins (2011) 3 exemplaires
Omnibus (1988) 2 exemplaires
Ensayos críticos (1979) 2 exemplaires
Mr. Andrews 2 exemplaires
The Curate's Friend 2 exemplaires
Dr. Woolacott 2 exemplaires
Arthur Snatchfold 1 exemplaire
LA MANSIÓN 1 exemplaire
My Own Centenary 1 exemplaire
Modern Library 1 exemplaire
Albergo Empedocle (2016) 1 exemplaire
[Selections] 1 exemplaire
ROMAN SANATI 1 exemplaire
フォースター評論集 (岩波文庫) (1996) — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Credo 1 exemplaire
The Classical Annex 1 exemplaire
Short Stories of E. M. Forster (1988) 1 exemplaire
Selected Works 1 exemplaire
The Machine Stops (and) The Point of It — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
The New Disorder 1 exemplaire
De machine staat stil (2021) 1 exemplaire
“The Other Boat” 1 exemplaire
Casa Howard 1 exemplaire

Oeuvres associés

Les hauts de Hurle-Vent (1847) — Postface, quelques éditions50,340 exemplaires
Sa Majesté des Mouches (1954) — Introduction, quelques éditions48,523 exemplaires
Le Temps de l'innocence (1920) — Introduction, quelques éditions13,547 exemplaires
50 Great Short Stories (1952) — Contributeur — 1,216 exemplaires
The Science Fiction Century (1997) — Contributeur — 525 exemplaires
Black Water: The Book of Fantastic Literature (1983) — Contributeur — 490 exemplaires
The Mrs Dalloway Reader (2003) — Contributeur — 423 exemplaires
Twenty Years A-Growing (1933) — Introduction, quelques éditions360 exemplaires
The Faber Book of Gay Short Fiction (1992) — Contributeur — 318 exemplaires
The Penguin Book of Gay Short Stories (1994) — Contributeur — 308 exemplaires
75 Short Masterpieces: Stories from the World's Literature (1961) — Contributeur — 289 exemplaires
A Treasury of Short Stories (1947) — Contributeur — 286 exemplaires
The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 4th Edition, Volume 2 (1979) — Contributeur — 247 exemplaires
In Another Part of the Forest: An Anthology of Gay Short Fiction (1994) — Contributeur — 174 exemplaires
17 X Infinity (1900) — Contributeur — 157 exemplaires
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contributeur — 157 exemplaires
Belchamber (1904) — Postface, quelques éditions156 exemplaires
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (2019) — Contributeur — 155 exemplaires
Randall Jarrell's Book of Stories (1958) — Contributeur — 141 exemplaires
The Ambassadors [Norton Critical Edition, 2nd ed.] (1963) — Contributeur — 136 exemplaires
The Road to Science Fiction #2: From Wells to Heinlein (1979) — Contributeur — 136 exemplaires
An American Album: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Harper's Magazine (2000) — Contributeur — 129 exemplaires
The Wesleyan Anthology of Science Fiction (2010) — Contributeur — 128 exemplaires
Science Fiction Short Stories (Gothic Fantasy) (2015) — Contributeur — 126 exemplaires
The Other persuasion: short fiction about gay men and women (1977) — Contributeur — 119 exemplaires
The Second Penguin Book of English Short Stories (1972) — Contributeur, quelques éditions116 exemplaires
Great English Short Stories (1957) — Contributeur — 106 exemplaires
A Passage to India [Blu-ray] (1984) — Original novel — 103 exemplaires
Science Fiction: The Future (1971) — Contributeur — 83 exemplaires
Cities of wonder (1967) — Contributeur — 76 exemplaires
The Treasury of Science Fiction Classics (1954) — Contributeur — 75 exemplaires
The Bedside Book of Famous British Stories (1940) — Contributeur — 66 exemplaires
The Best Science Fiction Stories (1977) — Auteur, quelques éditions65 exemplaires
Great Tales of Fantasy and Imagination (1945) — Contributeur — 54 exemplaires
The Supernatural Reader (1953) — Contributeur — 53 exemplaires
The Oxford Book of Sea Stories (1994) — Contributeur — 50 exemplaires
Art of Fiction (1967) — Contributeur — 50 exemplaires
The End of the World: Classic Tales of Apocalyptic Science Fiction (2010) — Contributeur — 49 exemplaires
Modern Short Stories (1939) — Contributeur — 47 exemplaires
An Omnibus of 20th Century Ghost Stories (1989) — Contributeur — 45 exemplaires
Masters of the Modern Short Story (1945) — Contributeur — 44 exemplaires
The Television Late-night Horror Omnibus (1993) — Contributeur — 39 exemplaires
A Quarto of Modern Literature (1935) — Contributeur — 38 exemplaires
Where Angels Fear to Tread [1991 film] (1991) — Original book — 34 exemplaires
Modern English Short Stories (1939) — Contributeur — 34 exemplaires
Fairy Tales for Computers (1969) — Contributeur — 31 exemplaires
The Best Ghost Stories (1990) — Contributeur — 26 exemplaires
A Book of Essays (1963) — Contributeur — 26 exemplaires
Short Stories of the Sea (1984) — Contributeur — 25 exemplaires
The Horned God: Weird Tales of the Great God Pan (2022) — Contributeur — 23 exemplaires
Best Ghost Stories (1977) — Contributeur, quelques éditions23 exemplaires
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Contributeur — 22 exemplaires
English National Opera Guide : Britten : Peter Grimes : Gloriana (1983) — Contributeur — 21 exemplaires
We, Robots (2010) — Contributeur — 19 exemplaires
Tom Barber Trilogy: Uncle Stephen, The Retreat, and Young Tom (1955) — Introduction, quelques éditions17 exemplaires
31 Stories (1960) — Contributeur — 12 exemplaires
Pause to Wonder: Stories of the Marvelous , Mysterious and Strange (1944) — Contributeur — 12 exemplaires
The Analog Sea Review: Number Two (2019) — Contributeur — 12 exemplaires
Østenfor sol : 38 fantastiske fortellinger fra hele verden (1969) — Contributeur — 11 exemplaires
Short Stories of To-Day (1924) — Contributeur — 10 exemplaires
The Life of George Crabbe (1947) — Introduction, quelques éditions10 exemplaires
A Room With a View [2007 film] (2007) — Original story — 9 exemplaires
The Analog Sea Review: Number One (2018) — Contributeur — 9 exemplaires
Voices from the Radium Age (MIT Press / Radium Age) (2022) — Contributeur — 8 exemplaires
Howard's End [2017 TV mini series] (2020) — Original book — 7 exemplaires
Armchair Horror Collection (1994) — Contributeur — 7 exemplaires
British and American Essays, 1905-1956 (1959) — Contributeur — 7 exemplaires
Maurice and Alec in America (2005) — Original characters — 6 exemplaires
Eighteen Stories (1965) 4 exemplaires
Tredive mesterfortællinger — Auteur, quelques éditions3 exemplaires
Modern Short Stories — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire


Partage des connaissances

Nom légal
Forster, Edward Morgan
Date de naissance
Date de décès
Lieu de sépulture
Canley Garden Cemetery and Crematorium, Canley, Warwickshire, England, UK
Pays (pour la carte)
England, UK
Lieu de naissance
Marylebone, London, England, UK
Lieu du décès
Coventry, England, UK
Cause du décès
Lieux de résidence
London, England, UK
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Alexandria, Egypt
Dewas, Madhya Pradesh, India
Weybridge, Surrey, England, UK
Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England, UK
Cambridge University (King's College | BA | Classics, 1900 | History, 1901 | MA|1910)
Tonbridge School, Kent, England, UK
von Arnim, Elizabeth (employer)
Buckingham, Bob (friend)
Ackerley, Joe (friend)
Reid, Forrest (friend)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (Foreign Honorary ∙ Literature ∙ 1949)
Bloomsbury Group
Cambridge Apostles
International Red Cross
Prix et distinctions
Royal Society of Literature Benson Medal (1937)
Honorary Fellowship, King's College, Cambridge
Order of Merit (1969)
Royal Society of Literature Companion of Literature
Courte biographie
Edward Morgan Forster (1 January 1879 – 7 June 1970) was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist. Many of his novels examine class difference and hypocrisy, including A Room with a View (1908), Howards End (1910) and A Passage to India (1924). The last brought him his greatest success. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 16 different years.

Forster, born at 6 Melcombe Place, Dorset Square, London NW1, a building no longer standing, was the only child of the Anglo-Irish Alice Clara "Lily" (née Whichelo) and a Welsh architect, Edward Morgan Llewellyn Forster. He was registered as Henry Morgan Forster, but accidentally baptised Edward Morgan Forster. His father died of tuberculosis on 30 October 1880 before Morgan's second birthday. In 1883, he and his mother moved to Rooks Nest, near Stevenage, Hertfordshire until 1893. This served as a model for Howards End in his novel of that name. It is listed Grade I for historic interest and literary associations. He had fond memories of his childhood there.

Among Forster's ancestors were members of the Clapham Sect, a social reform group within the Church of England. Forster inherited £8,000 in trust (the equivalent of about £990,000 in 2017) from his paternal great-aunt Marianne Thornton (daughter of the abolitionist Henry Thornton), who died on 5 November 1887. The money was enough to live on and enabled him to become a writer. He attended as a day boy Tonbridge School in Kent, where the school theatre has been named in his honour, although he is known to have been unhappy there.

At King's College, Cambridge, between 1897 and 1901, he became a member of a discussion society known as the Apostles (formally named the Cambridge Conversazione Society). They met in secret, and discussed their work on philosophical and moral questions. Many of its members went on to constitute what came to be known as the Bloomsbury Group, of which Forster was a member in the 1910s and 1920s. There is a famous recreation of Forster's Cambridge at the beginning of The Longest Journey. The Schlegel sisters of Howards End are based to some degree on Vanessa and Virginia Stephen.

Forster was gay. In 1906 he fell in love with Syed Ross Masood, a 17-year-old Indian future Oxford student he tutored in Latin. Masood had a more romantic, poetic view of friendship, confusing Forster with avowals of love.

After leaving university, he travelled in continental Europe with his mother. They moved to Weybridge, Surrey, where he wrote all six of his novels. In 1914, he visited Egypt, Germany and India with the classicist Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, by which time he had written all but one of his novels. As a conscientious objector in the First World War, Forster served as a Chief Searcher (for missing servicemen) for the British Red Cross in Alexandria, Egypt. Though conscious of his repressed desires, it was only at this time, while stationed in Egypt, that he "lost his R [respectability]" to a wounded soldier in 1917.

Forster spent a second spell in India in the early 1920s as private secretary to Tukojirao III, Maharajah of Dewas. The Hill of Devi is his non-fictional account of this period. After returning to London from India, he completed the last novel of his to be published in his lifetime, A Passage to India (1924), for which he won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction. He also edited the letters of Eliza Fay (1756–1816) from India, in an edition first published in 1925. In 2012, Tim Leggatt, who knew Forster for his last 15 years, wrote a memoir using unpublished correspondence with him dating from those years.



THE DEEP ONES: "The Story of a Panic" by E. M. Forster à The Weird Tradition (Décembre 2021)
E. M. Forster à Legacy Libraries (Juin 2016)
A Room with a View à Made into a Movie (Janvier 2016)
Rebel Read: Aspects of the Novel à Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (Février 2014)


Un roman social sur l'Inde coloniale et les idées préconçues. Des relations complexes entre les personnages qui reflètent la richesse de l'être humain et ses côtés les plus vils. Un beau classique qui nous promène dans de divers états émotionnels, mais aussi quelques longueurs descriptives..
LNL | 138 autres critiques | Jan 1, 2019 |
LE livre que je prendrais avec moi sur une île déserte. Un ode à l'amour, à la tolérance, à la liberté. Forster n'en était apparemment pas satisfait, d'après ce qu'en rapporte Isherwood dans ses mémoires, c'est pourtant à mes yeux l'oeuvre la plus aboutie de Forster, celle ou la confrontation des personnages avec la société Britannique rétrograde est la plus violente, celle aussi ou la métamorphose du personnage est la plus radicale et la plus émouvante. Un chef d'oeuvre !
rvgartur | 67 autres critiques | Apr 4, 2008 |


Asia (1)
1920s (1)
1910s (2)
AP Lit (2)
My TBR (3)
Europe (1)
1970s (1)

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