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Walt Whitman (1819–1892)

Auteur de Feuilles d'herbe

534+ oeuvres 27,461 utilisateurs 240 critiques 173 Favoris
Il y a 3 discussions ouvertes sur cet auteur. Voir maintenant.

A propos de l'auteur

Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He afficher plus spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Œuvres de Walt Whitman

Feuilles d'herbe (1855) 10,166 exemplaires
Feuilles d'herbe : (1855) (1855) 2,865 exemplaires
The Complete Poems (1867) 1,341 exemplaires
Whitman: Poetry and Prose (1982) 1,272 exemplaires
Poetry for Young People: Walt Whitman (1997) 1,027 exemplaires
Leaves of Grass Deathbed Edition (1892) 936 exemplaires
Canto a mi mismo (1984) 826 exemplaires
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] (1991) 532 exemplaires
Leaves of Grass and Selected Prose (1949) 362 exemplaires
Selections from Leaves of Grass (1961) 293 exemplaires
On the Beach at Night Alone (2015) 202 exemplaires
Selected Poems [ed. Washington] (1993) 196 exemplaires
Specimen Days (1961) 168 exemplaires
Poems By Walt Whitman (1911) 145 exemplaires
The Essential Whitman (1987) 141 exemplaires
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer (2004) 120 exemplaires
Specimen Days & Collect (1995) 118 exemplaires
Memoranda During the War (1876) 116 exemplaires
Whitman Illuminated: Song of Myself (2014) 104 exemplaires
Selected Poems [ed. Bloom] (2003) 104 exemplaires
The Selected Poems of Walt Whitman (1892) 100 exemplaires
Drum taps (1865) 96 exemplaires
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] (1996) 93 exemplaires
Whitman [ed. Fielder] (1959) 86 exemplaires
O Captain! My Captain! (1970) 83 exemplaires
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) (1860) 75 exemplaires
Three Great American Poets (1900) 72 exemplaires
Feuilles d'herbe, tome 2 (1959) 72 exemplaires
The Walt Whitman Reader (1993) 69 exemplaires
Civil War Poems of Walt Whitman (1994) 60 exemplaires
The poetry of Walt Whitman (1997) 59 exemplaires
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman (2017) 58 exemplaires
I Hear America Singing (1800) 52 exemplaires
A Choice of Whitman's Verse (1973) 52 exemplaires
Voyages (1988) 44 exemplaires
Laws for Creations (2006) 43 exemplaires
Live Oak, with Moss (2019) 40 exemplaires
Selected Poems [ed. Lipkin] (2000) 40 exemplaires
Walt Whitman's New York: From Manhattan to Montauk (1963) — Auteur — 39 exemplaires
Selected Poems [Penguin Popular] (1945) 37 exemplaires
The Whitman Reader (1955) 35 exemplaires
Leaves of Grass (Everyman) (1993) 32 exemplaires
Miracles: the wonder of life (1969) 27 exemplaires
An American Primer (1986) 24 exemplaires
Democratic Vistas and Other Papers (1888) 23 exemplaires
The Civil War Reader: Literature (1996) 20 exemplaires
Nothing But Miracles (2003) 20 exemplaires
Walt Whitman 20 exemplaires
Walt Whitman: Selected Poems [Sweetwater Press] (2006) — Auteur — 18 exemplaires
The works of Walt Whitman (1968) 17 exemplaires
Memories of President Lincoln (1923) 16 exemplaires
Selected Letters of Walt Whitman (1990) 14 exemplaires
Meditations Of Walt Whitman (Meditations (Wilderness)) (2004) — Auteur — 12 exemplaires
American Bard (1982) 11 exemplaires
November Boughs (1889) 11 exemplaires
Cálamo (1993) 10 exemplaires
Walt Whitman [ed. Moore] (1987) 10 exemplaires
Hojas de hierba- 2018 (2019) 10 exemplaires
The Norton Anthology - Walt Whitman & Emily Dickinson (1998) — Auteur — 10 exemplaires
Whitman (1968) 9 exemplaires
Overhead the Sun (1969) 8 exemplaires
The gathering of the forces (1920) 7 exemplaires
Two prefaces 7 exemplaires
The correspondence (2004) 7 exemplaires
Selections: Whitman/Dickinson (1997) 7 exemplaires
Gresstrå 1 (2006) 6 exemplaires
Leaves of Grass a selection of Poems — Auteur — 6 exemplaires
Walt Whitman's Backward Glances. (1947) 6 exemplaires
Obra escogida (Spanish Edition) (2017) 6 exemplaires
Whitman: The Mystic Poets (2004) 5 exemplaires
Whitman the Poet (1964) 5 exemplaires
Digte 5 exemplaires
Cimen Yapraklari (2015) 4 exemplaires
Obra completa en poesía. Tomo II (1992) 4 exemplaires
Canto a mí mismo y otros poemas (2010) 4 exemplaires
Best-Loved Poems for Children (2011) 4 exemplaires
City of orgies & other poems (1980) 4 exemplaires
A Whitman Portrait (1960) 4 exemplaires
Cimen Yapraklari - II (2020) 4 exemplaires
Song of the Open Road (1990) 4 exemplaires
Hymnen für die Erde (1958) 4 exemplaires
Sequel to Drum-Taps (1959) 4 exemplaires
The book of heavenly death (2009) 4 exemplaires
Hijos de Adán: Cálamo (1981) 3 exemplaires
the early poems and the fiction (1963) 3 exemplaires
La quercia 3 exemplaires
Song of the Broad-Axe 3 exemplaires
Starting from Paumanok 3 exemplaires
Obras completas. II (2005) 3 exemplaires
Días memorables de América (2014) 3 exemplaires
There Was a Child Went Forth (2012) 3 exemplaires
Canti d'addio 3 exemplaires
A Little Book of Nature Thoughts (1906) 3 exemplaires
The half-breed, and other stories (1927) 3 exemplaires
Complete Writings Vol. 3 (2018) 3 exemplaires
La parola del corpo (2000) 3 exemplaires
The Walt Whitman Megapack (2014) 3 exemplaires
Pictures : a poem 2 exemplaires
Leaves of Grass (Selection) II (2003) 2 exemplaires
Rohulehed (2021) 2 exemplaires
Two Rivulets 2 exemplaires
The wisdom of Walt Whitman (1979) 2 exemplaires
Slang in America 2 exemplaires
Utvalda dagar (2016) 2 exemplaires
Prose Works (2016) 2 exemplaires
Les fulles d'herba (1983) 2 exemplaires
Selections from Sands at seventy (1992) 2 exemplaires
Short Stories 2 exemplaires
Ein Kosmos: ausgewählte Gedichte (1985) 2 exemplaires
Selected Poems by Whitman (2006) 2 exemplaires
Collected writings 2 exemplaires
The Pamphlet Poets (1926) 2 exemplaires
The best of Whitman 2 exemplaires
Leaves of Grass 2 exemplaires
CALAMO (2017) 1 exemplaire
Walt Whitman Abroad 1 exemplaire
Poemas esenciales 1 exemplaire
Visões Democráticas (2012) 1 exemplaire
Two Rivulets 1 exemplaire
Walt Whitman's poetry : a study & a selection (1978) — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Prosaschriften 1 exemplaire
Días Ejemplares de América (1946) 1 exemplaire
Vidas ejemplares 1 exemplaire
Three Poems 1 exemplaire
FIJE BARI 1 exemplaire
SEÇME ŞİİRLER 1 exemplaire
Miracles (excerpt) 1 exemplaire
diVersi 1 exemplaire
Sangen om migselv 1 exemplaire
Leaves of Grass C3 1 exemplaire
"The Sleepers" 1 exemplaire
Drum Tabs (2021) 1 exemplaire
Fűszálak Walt Whitman versei (1992) 1 exemplaire
Vita e avventure di Jack Engle (2017) 1 exemplaire
Paroles du Nouveau Monde (1997) 1 exemplaire
Habla Walt Whitman (2008) 1 exemplaire
American poetry 1 exemplaire
Manahatta 1 exemplaire
Poems by Walt Whitman 1 exemplaire
Whitman's Poems 1 exemplaire
Canti scelti 1 exemplaire
Valitut runot (2007) 1 exemplaire
Choix de poèmes 1 exemplaire
Spojím vás láskou milenců (2002) 1 exemplaire
Fremtidens historie 1 exemplaire
Ruohonlehtiä 1 exemplaire
Leaves of grass; Volume 1 (2013) 1 exemplaire
collected prose 1 exemplaire
Gesange Und Inschriften (1921) (2008) 1 exemplaire
Foglie D'erba 1855 1 exemplaire
Fuldkomne Dage 1 exemplaire
Collected Poetry (2003) 1 exemplaire
City of Orgies (2012) 1 exemplaire
Poems from the Leaves of Grass (1913) 1 exemplaire
new york dissected (1972) 1 exemplaire
Kosmos 1 exemplaire
Lincoln (2016) 1 exemplaire
Jag hör Amerika sjunga (2019) 1 exemplaire
Walt Whitman - Hojas de Hierba (2020) 1 exemplaire
Canto una vita immensa (2009) 1 exemplaire
Poesías 1 exemplaire
Lyrik und Prosa 1 exemplaire
Opere alese 1 exemplaire
Cîntec despre mine 1 exemplaire
Walt Whitman's poems 1 exemplaire
Io canto me stesso 1 exemplaire
Warble for Lilac-Time (2016) 1 exemplaire
Eidolons 1 exemplaire
The Poetry of Walt Whitman (1999) 1 exemplaire
Poems and prose 1 exemplaire
Werke 1 exemplaire
Demokratski vidici 1 exemplaire
Američke priče (2015) 1 exemplaire

Oeuvres associées

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English Poetry, Volume III: From Tennyson to Whitman (1909) — Contributeur — 605 exemplaires
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The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis (2001) — Contributeur — 545 exemplaires
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Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Contributeur — 512 exemplaires
World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (1998) — Contributeur — 447 exemplaires
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (1954) — Contributeur, quelques éditions441 exemplaires
Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography (1995) — Associated Name — 413 exemplaires
American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau (2008) — Contributeur — 413 exemplaires
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The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (1983) — Contributeur — 235 exemplaires
The Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism (1997) — Contributeur — 214 exemplaires
Teaching with Fire: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Teach (2003) — Contributeur — 201 exemplaires
A Treasury of Poetry for Young People (2008) — Contributeur — 197 exemplaires
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (2012) — Contributeur — 168 exemplaires
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Contributeur — 161 exemplaires
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contributeur — 158 exemplaires
Best Remembered Poems (1992) — Contributeur — 157 exemplaires
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (1997) — Contributeur — 143 exemplaires
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (2013) — Contributeur — 141 exemplaires
The Faber Book of Beasts (1997) — Contributeur — 139 exemplaires
An American Album: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Harper's Magazine (2000) — Contributeur — 131 exemplaires
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Contributeur — 128 exemplaires
American Antislavery Writings: Colonial Beginnings to Emancipation (2012) — Contributeur — 121 exemplaires
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Contributeur — 113 exemplaires
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Leading From Within: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Lead (2007) — Contributeur — 100 exemplaires
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Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (1967) — Contributeur — 10 exemplaires
Love This Giant (2012) — Compositeur — 10 exemplaires
Mitt skattkammer. b.9 Gjennom tidene — Contributeur — 9 exemplaires
Spring World, Awake: Stories, Poems, and Essays (1970) — Contributeur — 9 exemplaires
Men and Women: The Poetry of Love (1970) — Contributeur — 8 exemplaires
American Poetry from the Beginning to Whitman (1931) — Contributeur — 7 exemplaires
Onthebus No. 8 and 9 — Contributeur — 6 exemplaires
The Bitch-Goddess Success: Variations on an American Theme (1968) — Contributeur — 6 exemplaires
Toward the unknown region [score] — Lyricist — 5 exemplaires
A Gathering of Ghosts: A Treasury (1970) — Contributeur — 4 exemplaires
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos — Contributeur — 4 exemplaires
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Contributeur — 3 exemplaires
Great Poems from Chaucer to Whitman — Contributeur — 3 exemplaires
The California quarterly — Contributeur, quelques éditions1 exemplaire
The Best of American Poetry [Audio] (1997) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire

Étiqueté

Partage des connaissances

Nom canonique
Whitman, Walt
Nom légal
Whitman, Walter
Autres noms
Whitman, Walt
Date de naissance
1819-05-31
Date de décès
1892-03-26
Lieu de sépulture
Harleigh Cemetery, Camden, New Jersey, USA
Sexe
male
Nationalité
USA
Pays (pour la carte)
USA
Lieu de naissance
West Hills, Huntington, Long Island, New York, USA
Lieu du décès
Camden, New Jersey, USA
Cause du décès
miliary tuberculosis and parenchymatous nephritis
Lieux de résidence
Washington, D.C., USA
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Georgetown, Colorado, USA
Laurel Springs, New Jersey, USA
New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Études
self-educated
Professions
poet
novelist
short-story writer
essayist
editor
teacher (tout afficher 12)
nurse
typesetter
apprentice printer
convention delegate
journalist
clerk (Bureau of Indian Affairs ∙ U.S. Department of the Interior)
Organisations
The Patriot
Long Islander
Long Island Democrat
Brooklyn Eagle
Prix et distinctions
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1930)
Gave Commencement Address at Dartmouth College (1872)
Walt Whitman Bridge
Courte biographie
Walter Whitman Jr. (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was controversial in his time, particularly his 1855 poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sensuality.

Born in Huntington on Long Island, Whitman resided in Brooklyn as a child and through much of his career. At the age of 11, he left formal schooling to go to work. Later, Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, and a government clerk. Whitman's major poetry collection, Leaves of Grass, was first published in 1855 with his own money and became well known. The work was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. He continued expanding and revising it until his death in 1892. During the American Civil War, he went to Washington, D.C. and worked in hospitals caring for the wounded. His poetry often focused on both loss and healing. On the death of Abraham Lincoln, whom Whitman greatly admired, he wrote his well known poems, "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd", and gave a series of lectures. After a stroke towards the end of his life, Whitman moved to Camden, New Jersey, where his health further declined. When he died at the age of 72, his funeral was a public event.

Whitman's influence on poetry remains strong. Mary Whitall Smith Costelloe argued: "You cannot really understand America without Walt Whitman, without Leaves of Grass ... He has expressed that civilization, 'up to date,' as he would say, and no student of the philosophy of history can do without him." Modernist poet Ezra Pound called Whitman "America's poet ... He is America."

Membres

Discussions

Walt Whitman à Someone explain it to me... (Janvier 23)
Arion Press "Leaves of Grass" on ABE à Fine Press Forum (Octobre 2022)

Critiques

J’étais vraiment curieuse de découvrir ce poète américain, un des rares dont le nom a traversé l’atlantique me semble-t-il. Intimidée par l’ampleur de son recueil, je me suis décidée pour ce long poème, emblématique de son œuvre. Et je crois que je m’arrêterai là.
D’accord, le « je » de ce poème doit être vu comme plus général que la seule personne de Whitman, d’accord, il y a du transcendantalisme dans tout ça. Mais j’ai du mal à y voir autre chose qu’une ode à lui-même, une façon assez désagréable de se placer au-dessus de la mêlée : moi j’ai tout vécu (ben oui, puisque je communie avec tous mes frères, pas besoin de souffrir moi-même, ils souffrent pour moi et je m’imagine que je suis à leur place pour dire que moi aussi je souffre, c’est un peu facile, non ?).
Bon, je m’arrête là puisque manifestement, je ne suis pas de ceux qui réussissent à entrer dans l’œuvre de Whitman. J’éprouve pour lui la même sensation désagréable que lorsque j’ai lu [Walden] (que je n’ai pas réussi à finir, d’ailleurs) de [[Thoreau]], tiens lui aussi un transcendantaliste. Je dois avoir une dent contre les idées et le style des écrivains qui gravitent autour de ce mouvement. Je le saurai pour la prochaine fois.
… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
raton-liseur | 19 autres critiques | Feb 21, 2023 |
> Babelio : https://www.babelio.com/livres/Whitman-Feuilles-dherbe/1888
> BAnQ (Major A., Le petit journal, 8 août 1965) : https://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/4251310

> FEUILLES D'HERBE (1855) de Walt Whitman. — On croyait connaître ce livre fleuve, ou plutôt océan, de Walt Whitman grâce notamment à la traduction qu'en avait donnée Jacques Darras (Grasset, 1989 et 1994, puis Poésie-Gallimard, 2002). Mais on n'avait pas prêté une attention suffisante à l'histoire de ce grand dialogue, comme d'égal à égal, entre le poète et la jeune Amérique. L'oeuvre fut en fait maintes fois remaniée et augmentée, polie par l'auteur : pas moins de huit éditions jusqu'à celle dite "du lit de mort" (1891-1892).
L'édition bilingue que propose Eric Athenot est la première, celle de 1855, tirée à moins de mille exemplaires sans nom d'auteur. La préface, étonnante, est déjà là, mais le texte et la présentation des poèmes sont différents. Comme l'explique avec rigueur et enthousiasme Eric Athenot, Whitman a d'abord cherché une "convergence physique entre auteur, texte et lecteur". Puis, cela a été en s'amenuisant. Les lecteurs des Feuilles d'herbe tireront grand profit de cette belle lecture. Traduit de l'anglais (Etats-Unis) et postfacé par Eric Athenot, éd. José Corti, 338 p., 19 €.
--Patrick Kéchichian, 21 févr. 2008, (Le Monde)
… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
Joop-le-philosophe | 84 autres critiques | Nov 25, 2018 |

Listes

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Statistiques

Œuvres
534
Aussi par
104
Membres
27,461
Popularité
#746
Évaluation
4.1
Critiques
240
ISBN
1,067
Langues
24
Favoris
173

Tableaux et graphiques