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Photo de l'auteur(-trice). Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall<br>Courtesy of the <a href="http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?100462">NYPL Digital Gallery</a><br>(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

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Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Feuilles d'herbe
… (plus d'informations)
Feuilles d'herbe 9,000 exemplaire(s), 73 critiques
Feuilles d'herbe : (1855) 2,630 exemplaire(s), 14 critiques
The Complete Poems 1,182 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Whitman: Poetry and Prose 1,155 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
Leaves of Grass Deathbed Edition 880 exemplaire(s), 6 critiques
Poetry for Young People: Walt Whitman 847 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
Canto a mi mismo 735 exemplaire(s), 15 critiques
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] 534 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Leaves of Grass and Selected Prose 287 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Selections from Leaves of Grass 265 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Specimen Days 150 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
On the Beach at Night Alone 144 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
Poems By Walt Whitman 132 exemplaire(s)
The Essential Whitman 131 exemplaire(s)
Memoranda During the War 111 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Specimen Days & Collect 103 exemplaire(s)
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer 98 exemplaire(s), 10 critiques
Whitman Illuminated: Song of Myself 97 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] 90 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Whitman [ed. Fielder] 85 exemplaire(s)
Drum taps 74 exemplaire(s)
O Captain! My Captain! 72 exemplaire(s)
The Walt Whitman Reader 67 exemplaire(s)
Feuilles d'herbe, tome 2 66 exemplaire(s)
Leaves of Grass; Selected Poetry and Prose. 60 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) 58 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
A Choice of Whitman's Verse 49 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
I Hear America Singing 47 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Laws for Creations 42 exemplaire(s)
Voyages 41 exemplaire(s)
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman 38 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Whitman Reader 31 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Live Oak, with Moss 29 exemplaire(s)
An American Primer 24 exemplaire(s)
Nothing But Miracles 20 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Portable Walt Whitman 17 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The works of Walt Whitman 16 exemplaire(s)
American Bard 11 exemplaire(s)
Walt Whitman [ed. Moore] 9 exemplaire(s)
Cálamo 8 exemplaire(s)
Overhead the Sun 8 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Whitman 8 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
November Boughs 7 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Two prefaces 7 exemplaire(s)
Leaves of Grass a selection of Poems (Auteur) 6 exemplaire(s)
Leaves of Grass 6 exemplaire(s)
Gresstrå 1 5 exemplaire(s)
Song of the Open Road 5 exemplaire(s)
Hojas de hierba- 2018 5 exemplaire(s)
Whitman the Poet 5 exemplaire(s)
Digte 5 exemplaire(s)
Drum-Taps and Memoranda During the War 4 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Canto a mí mismo 4 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
A Whitman Portrait 4 exemplaire(s)
The correspondence 4 exemplaire(s)
Sequel to Drum-Taps 4 exemplaire(s)
Crossing Brooklyn Ferry 4 exemplaire(s)
Hymnen für die Erde 4 exemplaire(s)
La parola del corpo 3 exemplaire(s)
Complete Writings Vol. 3 3 exemplaire(s)
Cimen Yapraklari 3 exemplaire(s)
Canti d'addio 3 exemplaire(s)
Song of the Broad-Axe 3 exemplaire(s)
Starting from Paumanok 3 exemplaire(s)
Hijos de Adán: Cálamo 3 exemplaire(s)
Cimen Yapraklari - II 2 exemplaire(s)
Les fulles d'herba 2 exemplaire(s)
Leaves of Grass 2 exemplaire(s)
Rohulehed 2 exemplaire(s)
Utvalda dagar 2 exemplaire(s)
Slang in America 2 exemplaire(s)
The Pamphlet Poets 2 exemplaire(s)
Obras completas. II 2 exemplaire(s)
Short Stories 2 exemplaire(s)
The best of Whitman 2 exemplaire(s)
Pictures : a poem 2 exemplaire(s)
Collected writings 2 exemplaire(s)
Selections from Whitman 2 exemplaire(s)
diVersi 1 exemplaire
Lyrik und Prosa 1 exemplaire
Poems and prose 1 exemplaire
Miracles (excerpt) 1 exemplaire
Eidolons 1 exemplaire
Poesías 1 exemplaire
Lincoln 1 exemplaire
Three Poems 1 exemplaire
Werke 1 exemplaire
La quercia 1 exemplaire
Cîntec despre mine 1 exemplaire
Prosaschriften 1 exemplaire
new york dissected 1 exemplaire
Kosmos 1 exemplaire
Opere alese 1 exemplaire
Ruohonlehtiä 1 exemplaire
Fuldkomne Dage 1 exemplaire
Chant de moi-même 1 exemplaire
collected prose 1 exemplaire
City of Orgies 1 exemplaire
Choix de poèmes 1 exemplaire
Whitman's Poems 1 exemplaire
Salut au monde 1 exemplaire
Canti scelti 1 exemplaire
Valitut runot 1 exemplaire
Demokratski vidici 1 exemplaire
Calamus 1 exemplaire
Prose Works 1 exemplaire
Fremtidens historie 1 exemplaire
Američke priče 1 exemplaire
Io canto me stesso 1 exemplaire
Collected Poetry 1 exemplaire
One Hundred and One Famous Poems (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 1,755 exemplaire(s), 17 critiques
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 853 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
A Book of Luminous Things: An International Anthology of Poetry (Contributeur) 754 exemplaire(s), 9 critiques
The Outlaw Bible of American Poetry (Contributeur) 543 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis (Contributeur) 472 exemplaire(s), 11 critiques
Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (Contributeur) 465 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (Contributeur) 461 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
A Patriot's Handbook: Songs, Poems, Stories and Speeches Celebrating the… (quelques éditions) 449 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (Contributeur) 408 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 407 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (Contributeur) 353 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Literature: The Human Experience (Contributeur) 312 exemplaire(s)
Ten Poems to Change Your Life (Contributeur) 311 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
Our White House: Looking In, Looking Out (Contributeur) 293 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contributeur) 255 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 237 exemplaire(s)
The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Contributeur) 213 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (Contributeur) 212 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism (Contributeur) 196 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Teaching with Fire: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Teach (Contributeur) 187 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Treasury of Poetry for Young People (Contributeur) 173 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Contributeur) 148 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Contributeur) 138 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (Contributeur) 127 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
An American Album: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Harper's Magazine (Contributeur) 125 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (Contributeur) 124 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Contributeur) 122 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
The Norton Book of Travel (Contributeur) 106 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Contributeur) 99 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Leading From Within: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Lead (Contributeur) 90 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Norton Book of Friendship (Contributeur) 89 exemplaire(s)
Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans? (Contributeur) 85 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
Poets of the Civil War (Contributeur) 83 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
A Life in Medicine: A Literary Anthology (Contributeur) 69 exemplaire(s)
War No More: Three Centuries of American Antiwar and Peace Writing (Contributeur) 67 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Everyman Anthology of Poetry for Children (Contributeur) 63 exemplaire(s)
The Name of Love: Classic Gay Love Poems (Contributeur) 50 exemplaire(s)
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Contributeur) 35 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Summer: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (Contributeur) 32 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Strange Glory (Contributeur) 19 exemplaire(s)
AQA Anthology (Auteur, quelques éditions) 18 exemplaire(s)
Racconti Gialli (Auteur) 18 exemplaire(s)
Ellery Queen's Poetic Justice (Auteur, quelques éditions) 17 exemplaire(s)
American Poems 1779-1900 (Contributeur) 11 exemplaire(s)
The Mark of Zorro [1920 film] (Actor) 11 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Trees: A Celebration (Contributeur) 11 exemplaire(s)
Mitt skattkammer. b.9 Gjennom tidene (Contributeur) 9 exemplaire(s)
Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (Contributeur) 8 exemplaire(s)
Men and Women: The Poetry of Love (Contributeur) 7 exemplaire(s)
American Poetry from the Beginning to Whitman (Contributeur) 7 exemplaire(s)
Onthebus No. 8 and 9 (Contributeur) 6 exemplaire(s)
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos (Contributeur) 4 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Toward the unknown region [score] (Lyricist) 4 exemplaire(s)
A Gathering of Ghosts: A Treasury (Contributeur) 4 exemplaire(s)
Great Poems from Chaucer to Whitman (Contributeur) 2 exemplaire(s)
The California quarterly (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 1 exemplaire
The Best of American Poetry [Audio] (Contributeur) 1 exemplaire

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