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Photo de l'auteur(-trice). Richard Wright (1908-1960)<br>
Photograph by Gordon Parks, May 1943
<br>(Farm Security Administration-<br>Office of War Information Photograph Collection,<br> Library of Congress)

Richard Wright (1908-1960)
Photograph by Gordon Parks, May 1943
(Farm Security Administration-
Office of War Information Photograph Collection,
Library of Congress)

Richard Wright (1) [1908–1960]

Cette page traite de l'auteur(-trice) de Un enfant du pays.

Pour les autres auteur(-trice)s qui s'appellent Richard Wright, voyez la page de désambigüisation.

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Richard Wright was generally thought of as one of the most gifted contemporary African American writers until the rise of James Baldwin. "With Wright, the pain of being a Negro is basically economic---its sight is mainly in the pocket. With Baldwin, the pain suffuses the whole man. . . . If Baldwin's sights are higher than Wright's, it is in part because Wright helped to raise them" (Time). Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi, the son of a sharecropper. At the age of 15, he started to work in Memphis, then in Chicago, then "bummed all over the country," supporting himself by various odd jobs. His early writing was in the smaller magazines---first poetry, then prose. He won Story Story's $500 prize---for the best story written by a worker on the Writer's Project---with "Uncle Tom's Children" in 1938, his first important publication. He wrote Native Son (1940) in eight months, and it made his reputation. Based in part on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the African American protest novels, violent and shocking in its scenes of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. Black Boy (1945) is the simple, vivid, and poignant story of Wright's early years in the South. It appeared at the beginning of a new postwar awareness of the evils of racial prejudice and did much to call attention to the plight of the African American. The Outsider (1953) is a novel based on Wright's own experience as a member of the Communist party, an affiliation he terminated in 1944. He remained politically inactive thereafter and from 1946 until his death made his principal residence in Paris. His nonfiction writings on problems of his race include Black Power: A Record of Reactions in a Land of Pathos (1954), about a visit to the Gold Coast, White Man, Listen (1957), and Twelve Million Black Voices: A Folk History of the Negro in the United States. (Bowker Author Biography) Richard Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi. His father left the family when Wright was only five years old, and he was raised first by his mother and then by a series of relatives. What little schooling he had ended with his graduation from ninth grade in Memphis, Tennessee. At age 15, he started to work in Memphis, and later worked in Chicago before traveling across the country supporting himself with odd jobs. When Wright finally returned to Chicago, he got a job with the federal Writer's Project, a government-supported arts program. He was quite successful, winning a $500 prize from a magazine for the best fiction written by a participant in that program. In Chicago, he was also introduced to leftist politics and became a member of the Communist Party. In 1937, Wright left Chicago for New York, where he became Harlem editor for the Communist national newspaper, The Daily Worker, and where he met future novelist, Ralph Ellison. Wright became a celebrated author with the publication of Native Son (1940), a novel he wrote in only eight months. Based on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the modern black protest novels, violent and shocking in its sense of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. This novel brought Wright both fame and financial security. He followed it with his autobiography, Black Boy (1945), which was also successful. In 1942, Wright and his wife broke with the Communist Party, and in 1947, they moved to France, where Wright lived the rest of his life. His novel The Outsider (1953) is based on his experiences as a member of the Communist Party. Wright is regarded as a major modern American writer, one of the first black writers to reach a large white audience, and thereby raise the level of national awareness of the continuing problem of racism in America. In many respects Wright paved the way for all black writers who followed him. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Un enfant du pays
… (plus d'informations)
Un enfant du pays 6,971 exemplaire(s), 87 critiques
Black Boy 4,607 exemplaire(s), 61 critiques
Les enfants de l'oncle Tom 642 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Le transfuge 345 exemplaire(s), 7 critiques
L'homme qui vivait sous terre 224 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Native Son (Abridged) 170 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Man Who Lived Underground 160 exemplaire(s), 8 critiques
Rite of passage 155 exemplaire(s)
Une faim d'égalité 153 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
12 Million Black Voices 132 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Haiku: This Other World 116 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
Pagan Spain 100 exemplaire(s)
The Long Dream 90 exemplaire(s)
Lawd Today! 87 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
A Father's Law 83 exemplaire(s)
White Man, Listen! 69 exemplaire(s)
Le Barbare du 7 jour 56 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Richard Wright Reader 34 exemplaire(s)
Native Son / Black Boy 32 exemplaire(s)
Thy Fearful Symmetry 16 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Man Who Lived Underground {story} 14 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Almos' a Man 9 exemplaire(s)
Bright and morning star 7 exemplaire(s)
Richard Wright: Works (Auteur) 6 exemplaire(s)
Injustice: Vintage Minis 5 exemplaire(s)
Down by the Riverside 4 exemplaire(s)
Neli meest : [novellid] 3 exemplaire(s)
Richard Wright 2 exemplaire(s)
Fire and cloud 1 exemplaire
Wright Richard 1 exemplaire
Der schwarze Traum 1 exemplaire
The Best American Short Stories of the Century (Contributeur) 1,458 exemplaire(s), 9 critiques
Winter Poems (Contributeur) 929 exemplaire(s), 10 critiques
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 849 exemplaire(s), 6 critiques
The Best American Essays of the Century (Contributeur) 691 exemplaire(s), 4 critiques
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (Contributeur) 675 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 469 exemplaire(s)
Le dieu des ténèbres. (Contributeur) 391 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader (Contributeur) 364 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Against Forgetting: Twentieth-Century Poetry of Witness (Contributeur) 305 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
A Treasury of Short Stories (Contributeur) 267 exemplaire(s)
Modern American Memoirs (Contributeur) 178 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
This Is My Best (Contributeur) 161 exemplaire(s)
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (Introduction, quelques éditions) 150 exemplaire(s), 3 critiques
Le Monde du blues (Avant-propos) 134 exemplaire(s)
Growing Up in the South: An Anthology of Modern Southern Literature (Contributeur) 128 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
An American Album: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Harper's Magazine (Contributeur) 124 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Mark Twain Anthology: Great Writers on His Life and Work (Contributeur) 124 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Signet Classic Book of Southern Short Stories (Contributeur) 111 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
African American Poetry: 250 Years of Struggle and Song (Contributeur) 107 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Black on White: Black Writers on What It Means to Be White (Contributeur) 104 exemplaire(s), 2 critiques
Voices from the Harlem Renaissance (Contributeur) 86 exemplaire(s)
The 100 Best African American Poems (Contributeur) 84 exemplaire(s), 5 critiques
American Short Stories (Contributeur, quelques éditions) 80 exemplaire(s)
Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America (Contributeur) 76 exemplaire(s)
Racism and Sexism: An Integrated Study (Contributeur) 54 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
American Negro Short Stories (Contributeur) 53 exemplaire(s)
D.C. Noir 2: The Classics (Contributeur) 52 exemplaire(s)
Eleven Modern Short Novels (Contributeur) 48 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Chicago Noir: The Classics (Contributeur) 41 exemplaire(s), 13 critiques
Soulscript: Afro-American Poetry (Contributeur) 37 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
Southern Dogs and Their People (Contributeur) 35 exemplaire(s)
Mississippi Writers: An Anthology (Contributeur) 13 exemplaire(s)
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, Volume I (Introduction, quelques éditions) 10 exemplaire(s), 1 critique
The Best American Short Stories 1958 (Contributeur) 5 exemplaire(s)
Native Son [1951 film] (Actor / Original book) 5 exemplaire(s)
Twelve short novels (Contributeur) 3 exemplaire(s)
Strange Barriers (Contributeur) 2 exemplaire(s)

Richard Wright a 2 évènements passés. (show)

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Le livre Chicago Noir: The Classics de Richard Wright était disponible sur LibraryThing Early Reviewers.

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