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Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)

Auteur de Critique de la raison pure

607+ oeuvres 27,922 utilisateurs 162 critiques 52 Favoris

A propos de l'auteur

The greatest of all modern philosophers was born in the Baltic seaport of Konigsberg, East Prussia, the son of a saddler and never left the vicinity of his remote birthplace. Through his family pastor, Immanuel Kant received the opportunity to study at the newly founded Collegium Fredericianum, afficher plus proceeding to the University of Konigsberg, where he was introduced to Wolffian philosophy and modern natural science by the philosopher Martin Knutzen. From 1746 to 1755, he served as tutor in various households near Konigsberg. Between 1755 and 1770, Kant published treatises on a number of scientific and philosophical subjects, including one in which he originated the nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system. Some of Kant's writings in the early 1760s attracted the favorable notice of respected philosophers such as J. H. Lambert and Moses Mendelssohn, but a professorship eluded Kant until he was over 45. In 1781 Kant finally published his great work, the Critique of Pure Reason. The early reviews were hostile and uncomprehending, and Kant's attempt to make his theories more accessible in his Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics (1783) was largely unsuccessful. Then, partly through the influence of former student J. G. Herder, whose writings on anthropology and history challenged his Enlightenment convictions, Kant turned his attention to issues in the philosophy of morality and history, writing several short essays on the philosophy of history and sketching his ethical theory in the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). Kant's new philosophical approach began to receive attention in 1786 through a series of articles in a widely circulated Gottingen journal by the Jena philosopher K. L. Reinhold. The following year Kant published a new, extensively revised edition of the Critique, following it up with the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), treating the foundations of moral philosophy, and the Critique of Judgment (1790), an examination of aesthetics rounding out his system through a strikingly original treatment of two topics that were widely perceived as high on the philosophical agenda at the time - the philosophical meaning of the taste for beauty and the use of teleology in natural science. From the early 1790s onward, Kant was regarded by the coming generation of philosophers as having overthrown all previous systems and as having opened up a whole new philosophical vista. During the last decade of his philosophical activity, Kant devoted most of his attention to applications of moral philosophy. His two chief works in the 1790s were Religion Within the Bounds of Plain Reason (1793--94) and Metaphysics of Morals (1798), the first part of which contained Kant's theory of right, law, and the political state. At the age of 74, most philosophers who are still active are engaged in consolidating and defending views they have already worked out. Kant, however, had perceived an important gap in his system and had begun rethinking its foundations. These attempts went on for four more years until the ravages of old age finally destroyed Kant's capacity for further intellectual work. The result was a lengthy but disorganized manuscript that was first published in 1920 under the title Opus Postumum. It displays the impact of some of the more radical young thinkers Kant's philosophy itself had inspired. Kant's philosophy focuses attention on the active role of human reason in the process of knowing the world and on its autonomy in giving moral law. Kant saw the development of reason as a collective possession of the human species, a product of nature working through human history. For him the process of free communication between independent minds is the very life of reason, the vocation of which is to remake politics, religion, science, art, and morality as the completion of a destiny whose shape it is our collective task to frame for ourselves. (Bowker Author Biography) Philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Konigsberg, East Prussia. He studied at the University of Konigsberg, where he would act as a lecturer and professor after a brief career as a private tutor. Kant was an incredibly influential philosopher, his theories having impact on the likes of Schopenhauer and Hegel. Kant's most prominent works include Critique of Pure Reason (1781), Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) and Critique of Practical Reason (1788). He died in 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins


Œuvres de Immanuel Kant

Critique de la raison pure (1781) — Auteur — 6,606 exemplaires
Fondements de la métaphysique des moeurs (1785) — Auteur — 3,284 exemplaires
Critique de la faculté de juger (1790) — Auteur — 2,151 exemplaires
Critique de la raison pratique (1787) — Auteur — 1,777 exemplaires
La religion dans les limites de la simple raison (1793) — Auteur — 787 exemplaires
Vers la paix perpétuelle (1795) — Auteur — 588 exemplaires
Métaphysique des moeurs : Tome 1.Fondation,Introduction (1797) — Auteur — 463 exemplaires
Kant's Political Writings (1970) 441 exemplaires
The Great Books of the Western World, Vol. 42: Kant (1781) — Auteur — 369 exemplaires
Basic Writings of Kant (2001) 336 exemplaires
Observations sur le sentiment du beau et du sublime (1764) — Auteur — 335 exemplaires
Qu'est-ce que les Lumières ? (1784) 316 exemplaires
Logic (1800) 284 exemplaires
Practical Philosophy (1996) 257 exemplaires
Lectures on Ethics (1930) 241 exemplaires
Anthropologie du point de vue pragmatique (1974) — Auteur — 200 exemplaires
Reflexions sur l'education (1960) 151 exemplaires
Introduction to Logic (1963) 97 exemplaires
Religion and Rational Theology (1996) 90 exemplaires
Le conflit des facultés (1972) — Auteur — 87 exemplaires
Kant Selections (1929) 78 exemplaires
Analytique du beau (1983) 76 exemplaires
Opus postumum (1984) 73 exemplaires
Opuscules sur l'histoire (1900) 71 exemplaires
Reves d'un visionnaire (2003) 70 exemplaires
Kant: Selections (1988) 60 exemplaires
Leçons de métaphysique (1992) 55 exemplaires
Lectures on Philosophical Theology (1979) 55 exemplaires
Theoretical Philosophy after 1781 (1930) 40 exemplaires
Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770 (1992) 37 exemplaires
The Philosophy of Material Nature (1985) 27 exemplaires
The essential Kant (1970) 26 exemplaires
Correspondance (1991) 25 exemplaires
La dissertation de 1770 (1951) 25 exemplaires
Critique de la raison pure. tome 2 (1910) 22 exemplaires
Der Streit Der Facultaten Werke 6 (German Edition) (1995) — Auteur — 20 exemplaires
The Science of Right (2006) 19 exemplaires
De zin van het leven (1993) 19 exemplaires
Essai sur les maladies de la tête (1993) 17 exemplaires
Le droit de mentir (2003) 17 exemplaires
Schriften Zur Naturphilosophie (1980) 16 exemplaires
Paz Perpetua e Outros Opusculos, A (1995) 13 exemplaires
Schriften Zur Metaphysik Und Tl.1 (1958) 13 exemplaires
The living thoughts of Kant (1940) 12 exemplaires
Vorkritische Schriften bis 1768 (1977) 9 exemplaires
Kant 9 exemplaires
Complete Works of Immanuel Kant (2013) 8 exemplaires
The Works of Immanuel Kant (2010) 8 exemplaires
Qu'est ce qu'un livre ? n.185 (1995) 8 exemplaires
La fine di tutte le cose (1996) 8 exemplaires
Pragmatische antropologie (2014) 8 exemplaires
Foundations of Ethics (1995) 7 exemplaires
Metafizyczne podstawy nauki prawa (2006) 7 exemplaires
An Immanuel Kant Reader (1960) 7 exemplaires
Briefe (1970) 6 exemplaires
Manual dos Cursos de Logica Geral (1998) 6 exemplaires
Pisma po roku 1781 (1969) 5 exemplaires
Immanuel Kant 5 exemplaires
Von der Macht des Gemüts (1949) 5 exemplaires
Pravo na laganje (2012) 4 exemplaires
Secilmis Yazilar (2015) 4 exemplaires
Textos seletos (2005) 4 exemplaires
Lettre à Marcus Herz (1968) 4 exemplaires
Ausgewählte kleine Schriften (1950) 4 exemplaires
Lo Stato di Diritto 4 exemplaires
Reflexiones sobre filosofia moral (2004) 4 exemplaires
Kant - selections 3 exemplaires
Kant-Brevier (1966) 3 exemplaires
Krytyka czystego rozumu. T. 1 (2010) 3 exemplaires
Krytyka czystego rozumu. T. 2 (2010) 3 exemplaires
Quelques opuscules précritiques (1970) 3 exemplaires
Scritti politici (2010) 3 exemplaires
Oplysning, historie, fremskridt (1993) 3 exemplaires
Teoria do Céu (2004) — Auteur — 3 exemplaires
Théorie et pratique (1994) 3 exemplaires
Vorreden (1781 - 1797) (2001) 3 exemplaires
Réflexions métaphysiques (2011) 3 exemplaires
Dizionario delle idee (1996) 3 exemplaires
Scritti morali (1970) 3 exemplaires
Collected Works of Immanuel Kant (2015) 3 exemplaires
Immanuel Kant's sämmtliche Werke (2021) 3 exemplaires
Lezioni sul diritto naturale (2016) 3 exemplaires
Kant I 3 exemplaires
Δοκίμια 2 exemplaires
Géographie (1999) 2 exemplaires
Sobre el saber filosófico (1901) 2 exemplaires
Opúsculos de filosofía natural (1992) 2 exemplaires
Kant (2010) 2 exemplaires
Pensiero ed esperienza 2 exemplaires
Filosofiens frihet (2021) 2 exemplaires
Pravno politički spisi (2000) 2 exemplaires
Ecrits sur le corps et l'esprit (2007) 2 exemplaires
"Metafísica" dohna (2007) 2 exemplaires
Ethica Etik Üzerine Dersler II (2003) 2 exemplaires
Werke in zehn Bänden 2 exemplaires
4 Books By Immanuel Kant (2009) 2 exemplaires
Scritti sul criticismo (1991) 2 exemplaires
La pace, la ragione e la storia (1985) 2 exemplaires
Ragione e ipocondria (1989) 2 exemplaires
Lezioni di psicologia (1986) 2 exemplaires
Theoretische Philosophie (2004) 2 exemplaires
Scritti di filosofia politica (1967) 2 exemplaires
Von der Würde des Menschen (1941) 2 exemplaires
Epistolario filosofico 1761-1800 (1990) 2 exemplaires
Scritti polemici sulla matematica (2000) 2 exemplaires
Crítica Da Razão Prática (2016) 1 exemplaire
Kant [Opere di] 1 exemplaire
Apokalypsen (2022) 1 exemplaire
Logica di Vienna (2000) 1 exemplaire
Sette scritti politici liberi (2011) 1 exemplaire
Sämtliche Werke (Sechs Bände) (2000) 1 exemplaire
Dissertazioni latine (2014) 1 exemplaire
Die Drei Kritiken 1 exemplaire
Il principio della moralità (1992) 1 exemplaire
Collected Works 1 exemplaire
The Quotable Kant 1 exemplaire
Moralens metafysikk 1 exemplaire
Homenaje a Kant 1 exemplaire
Fondation - Introduction (1) (2018) 1 exemplaire
Kant 1 exemplaire
Metafísica futura 1 exemplaire
Metafizika morala 1 exemplaire
Abrégé de Philosophie (2009) 1 exemplaire
Textos Sobre Historia 1 exemplaire
純粹理性批判 2. 1 exemplaire
Yaşam Felsefesi 1 exemplaire
The Metaphysic of Ethics (2009) 1 exemplaire
Shuddh Buddhi Mimansa 1 exemplaire
Philosophie de l'histoire — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Immanuel Kant : Werke 1 exemplaire
Kant-Aussprüche 1 exemplaire
Vorlesung zur Moralphilosophie (2004) 1 exemplaire
Yasamin Anlami (2021) 1 exemplaire
Fragmanlar 1 exemplaire
O postępach metafizyki (2007) 1 exemplaire
The Immanuel Kant Collection (2016) 1 exemplaire
Studie k dějinám a politice (2013) 1 exemplaire
Werke 5: Die Religion ... /Metaphysik — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
SELECTIONS 1 exemplaire
Dvije rasprave 1 exemplaire
Geografia fisica (2004) 1 exemplaire
Scritti sui terremoti (1984) 1 exemplaire
Kant: Os pensadores 1 exemplaire
KANT 1 exemplaire
De Store tænkere: Kant (2000) 1 exemplaire
Kant (volume terzo) 1 exemplaire
Kant's pre-critical ethics. (1938) 1 exemplaire
Mysli o vechnom 1 exemplaire
Immanuel Kants Werke 1 exemplaire
I. Kant 1 exemplaire
Kant - Volume I 1 exemplaire
Kant - Volume II 1 exemplaire
Brevier 1 exemplaire
Metaphysics of Morals 1 exemplaire
Théorie et pratique, textes philosophiques (1997) — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
Os Pensadores: Kant 1 exemplaire
Critiques 1 exemplaire
Kant - Gesammelte Werke (2016) 1 exemplaire

Oeuvres associées

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Contributeur — 438 exemplaires
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Contributeur, quelques éditions400 exemplaires
Literary and Philosophical Essays: French, German, and Italian (1909) — Contributeur — 231 exemplaires
Criticism: Major Statements (1964) — Contributeur — 223 exemplaires
The Philosopher's Handbook: Essential Readings from Plato to Kant (2000) — Contributeur — 203 exemplaires
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Auteur, quelques éditions187 exemplaires
The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature (1999) — Contributeur — 179 exemplaires
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Contributeur — 173 exemplaires
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship (1991) — Contributeur — 89 exemplaires
Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology (2004) — Contributeur — 74 exemplaires
The Range of Philosophy: Introductory Readings (1964) — Contributeur — 53 exemplaires
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Contributeur — 49 exemplaires
German Essays on Music (1994) — Contributeur — 19 exemplaires
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Contributeur — 17 exemplaires
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Contributeur, quelques éditions17 exemplaires
Reading Ethics (Reading Philosophy) (2008) — Contributeur — 10 exemplaires
Philosophers in wonderland : philosophy and psychical research (1975) — Contributeur — 7 exemplaires
Erkenntnis und Sein I Epistemologie. (1978) — Contributeur — 5 exemplaires
Yliopiston ajatusta etsimässä (1990) 2 exemplaires


Partage des connaissances

Nom canonique
Kant, Immanuel
Autres noms
KANT, Emanuel (birth)
KANT, Immanuel
Date de naissance
Date de décès
Lieu de sépulture
Kaliningrad Cemetery, Kaliningrad, Russia
Lieu de naissance
Königsberg, Prussia
Lieu du décès
Königsberg, Prussia
Lieux de résidence
Königsberg, Prussia
Collegium Fredericianum
University of Königsberg
ethicist (tout afficher 7)
University of Königsberg
Prix et distinctions
After the expulsion of Königsberg's German population at the end of World War II, the University of Königsberg was replaced by the Russian-language Kaliningrad State University, which took up the campus and surviving buildings of the historic German university. In 2005, the university was renamed Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
Courte biographie
Emanuel Kant was

the fourth of the nine children of Johann Georg Kant (1682-1746), a saddler from Memel (now Klaipėda, Lithuania) and his wife, Anna Regina Reuter (1697-1737), who was from Nuremburg. Kant began to spell his name "Immanuel" after learning Hebrew. His paternal grandfather, Hans Cant, had emigrated to Prussia from Scotland. Kant enrolled at Königsberg University in 1840 at the age of 16. Between 1750 and 1754 he worked as a tutor (Hauslehrer) in Judtschen (now Veselovka, Russia)and in Groß-Arnsdorf (now near Elbląg, Poland). Kant went on to become Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia) in 1770, at the age of 46. He never married.

He was a towering figure of the Enlightenment, influenced nearly all modern philosophers. In his writings, including his masterpiece, the Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he argued that we can only truly know that which can be proven by evidence. He placed the active, rational human being at the center of the cognitive and moral worlds. He suggested that we have a moral obligation, which he called the "categorical Imperative," to behave in an intrinsically good way under all circumstances -- not necessarily in ways that would make us happy, but in ways that would make us worthy of being happy. In his 1795 work Perpetual Peace, he quoted the Latin phrase "Fiat justitia, pereat mundus" ("Let justice be done, though the world perish"). He also criticized those who focused too much on religious ritual and church hierarchy as attempts to please the Creator without having to practice the actual principles of religion and righteousness.



Immanuel Kant's library à Legacy Libraries (Septembre 2020)
Immanuel Kant à Philosophy and Theory (Septembre 2017)
Kant's moral theory and a priori à Philosophy and Theory (Novembre 2009)


> Babelio :
> Voir un extrait :

> L'INSAISISSABLE BEAUTÉ. — « Est beau ce qui plaît universellement sans concept. »
—Emmanuel Kant, Critique de la faculté de juger (1970), Vrin, 1993

> Dans la nature, il y a des êtres qui nous impressionnent par leur façon singulière de "tenir ensemble", de "faire tout" […] ; êtres organisés qui s'organisent eux-mêmes […] ; tout est moyen et inversement aussi fin. […] Chaque partie, de même qu'elle n'existe qu'en vertu de toutes les autres, est aussi conçue comme existant pour les autres parties et pour le tout. […] Elle doit être considérée comme organe engendrant les autres, et ceci réciproquement. Or aucun instrument de l'art ne peut être tel mais seulement ceux de la nature.
—Kant : Critique de la faculté de juger
… (plus d'informations)
Joop-le-philosophe | 15 autres critiques | Dec 15, 2022 |


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