Photo de l'auteur

Eugene O'Neill (1888–1953)

Auteur de Long voyage du jour a la nuit

349+ oeuvres 11,855 utilisateurs 117 critiques 24 Favoris

A propos de l'auteur

Eugene O'Neill was born in New York City on October 16, 1888, the son of popular actors James O'Neill and Ellen Quinlan. As a young child, he frequently went on tour with his father and later attended a Catholic boarding school and a private preparatory school. He entered Princeton University but afficher plus stayed for only a year. He took a variety of jobs, including prospecting for gold, shipping out as a merchant sailor, joining his father on the stage, and writing for newspapers. In 1912, he was hospitalized for tuberculosis and emotional exhaustion. While recovering, he read a great deal of dramatic literature and, after his release from the sanitarium, began writing plays. O'Neill got his theatrical start with a group known as the Provincetown Players, a company of actors, writers, and other theatrical newcomers, many of whom went on to achieve commercial and critical success. His first plays were one-act works for this group, works that combined realism with experimental forms. O'Neill's first commercial successes, Beyond the Horizon (1920) and Anna Christie (1921) were traditional realistic plays. Anna Christie is still frequently performed. It is the story of a young woman, Anna, whose hard life has led her to become a prostitute. Anna comes to live with her long-lost father, who is unaware of her past, and she falls in love with a sailor, who is also unaware. When Anna finds the two men fighting over her as though she were property, she is so angry and disgusted that she insists on telling them the truth. The man she loves rejects her at first, but then later returns to marry her. Soon O'Neill began to experiment more, and over the next 12 years used a wide variety of unusual techniques, settings, and dramatic devices. It is no exaggeration to say that, virtually on his own, O'Neill created a tradition of serious American theater. His influence on the playwrights who followed him has been enormous, and much of what is taken today for granted in modern American theater originated with O'Neill. A major legacy has been the nine plays he wrote between 1924 and 1931, tragedies that made heavy use of the new Freudian psychology just coming into fashion. His one comedy, Ah, Wilderness (1933), was the basis for the musical comedy, Oklahoma!, itself a groundbreaking event in American theater. O'Neill later began to write the intense, brooding, and highly autobiographical plays that are now considered to his best work. The Iceman Cometh (1946) is set in a bar in Manhattan's Bowery, or skid-row district. In the course of the play, a group of apparently happy men are forced to recognize the true emptiness of their lives. In A Long Day's Journey into Night (1956), O'Neill examines his own family and their tormented lives, a subject he continues in A Moon for the Misbegotten (1957). O'Neill's work was highly honored. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1936 and Pulitzer Prizes for Anna Christie, Beyond the Horizon, Strange Interlude (1928), and A Long Day's Journey Into Night, which also received the New York Drama Critics Circle Award. O'Neill died in Room 401 of the Sheraton Hotel on Bay State Road in Boston, on November 27, 1953, at the age of 65. He was also born in a hotel room in Times Square, NYC. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image:
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Séries

Œuvres de Eugene O'Neill

Long voyage du jour a la nuit (1956) 3,476 exemplaires
The Iceman Cometh (1946) 1,387 exemplaires
Anna Christie / The Emperor Jones / The Hairy Ape (1922) — Auteur — 533 exemplaires
Nine Plays (1932) 447 exemplaires
A Moon for the Misbegotten (1952) — Auteur — 388 exemplaires
Le deuil sied à Électre (1931) — Auteur — 349 exemplaires
Complete Plays 1932-1943 (1988) 295 exemplaires
Complete Plays 1913-1920 (1988) 293 exemplaires
Complete Plays 1920-1931 (1988) 274 exemplaires
Ah, Wilderness! (1933) 241 exemplaires
The Emperor Jones (1921) 202 exemplaires
A Touch of the Poet (1957) 165 exemplaires
Strange Interlude (1928) 164 exemplaires
Desire Under the Elms (1925) 149 exemplaires
Anna Christie (1921) 146 exemplaires
Selected Plays of Eugene O'Neill (1777) 135 exemplaires
The Hairy Ape (1922) 121 exemplaires
Beyond the Horizon (1920) 105 exemplaires
Later Plays Of Eugene O'Neill (1967) 99 exemplaires
The Plays of Eugene O'Neill (1926) 80 exemplaires
Six Short Plays (1951) 65 exemplaires
More Stately Mansions (1764) 61 exemplaires
Complete plays, 1913-1943 (1988) 47 exemplaires
Hughie (1959) 41 exemplaires
Ten "Lost" Plays (1600) 41 exemplaires
Lazarus Laughed (1927) 38 exemplaires
Marco Millions (1927) 32 exemplaires
Plays of Eugene O'Neill (Vol. 2) (1948) 30 exemplaires
Long Day's Journey Into Night [1962 film] (1962) — Screenwriter — 30 exemplaires
Dynamo (1929) 29 exemplaires
Exorcism: A Play in One Act (2012) 23 exemplaires
Selected Letters of Eugene O`Neill (1988) 22 exemplaires
Days Without End (1934) 22 exemplaires
The Straw (1921) 16 exemplaires
The First Man (1922) 15 exemplaires
Lost Plays (1950) 14 exemplaires
Penguin Plays (1960) 13 exemplaires
Poems, 1912-1944 (1980) 13 exemplaires
The Moon of the Caribbees (1919) 13 exemplaires
The Great God Brown (1926) 11 exemplaires
Diff'rent (1921) 10 exemplaires
Drammi marini (1990) 10 exemplaires
Plays of Eugene O'Neill (1941) 10 exemplaires
In the Zone (2014) 10 exemplaires
Welded (1924) 9 exemplaires
All God's Chillun Got Wings (1924) 8 exemplaires
Collected Shorter Plays (2007) 8 exemplaires
Plays (2017) 7 exemplaires
Ile 7 exemplaires
Bound East for Cardiff (2005) 6 exemplaires
Before breakfast (1916) 6 exemplaires
Where the Cross Is Made (2014) 6 exemplaires
THE CALMS OF CAPRICORN. A Play. (1982) 6 exemplaires
Meisterdramen (1966) 6 exemplaires
Thirst: and other one act plays (1914) 5 exemplaires
The Emperor Jones ; The straw (2011) 5 exemplaires
Los Demonios (1987) 4 exemplaires
Chris Christophersen (1982) 4 exemplaires
The Rope (2014) 4 exemplaires
Gold (1920) 3 exemplaires
Teatro escogido 3 exemplaires
The Man and His Plays (1947) 3 exemplaires
The American spectator year book (1934) — Directeur de publication — 3 exemplaires
Teatro 3 exemplaires
Three American Plays 3 exemplaires
Tomorrow (2014) 3 exemplaires
Chris Christophersen (1982) 2 exemplaires
Mourning Becomes Electra [1947 film] (2004) — Screenwriter — 2 exemplaires
Ah, Wilderness (2022) 2 exemplaires
Plays 2 exemplaires
Piedade Cruel - Colecao em Cena (2010) 2 exemplaires
Théâtre complet 1 (1963) 2 exemplaires
Abortion 2 exemplaires
Servitude 2 exemplaires
Dynamo / Mourning Becomes Electra (1997) 2 exemplaires
I tjocka på Atlanten 2 exemplaires
Now I Ask You 1 exemplaire
Meisterdramen 2 (1963) 1 exemplaire
The Personal Equation 1 exemplaire
Bread and Butter 1 exemplaire
Meisterdramen I. (1960) 1 exemplaire
Dias sem fim 1 exemplaire
Teatro Volume primo 1 exemplaire
Desire Under The Elms 1 exemplaire
Teatro escogido ... 1 exemplaire
Chris Christopherson 1 exemplaire
The Iceman Cometh 1 exemplaire
5 plays 1 exemplaire
The Straw (2013) 1 exemplaire
سبع مسرحيات 1 exemplaire
Three Plays (1949) 1 exemplaire
American Dream 1 exemplaire
O'Neill drámák 1. 1 exemplaire
Olje / Ile 1 exemplaire
Teatr 1 exemplaire
Plays by Eugene O'Neill (2013) 1 exemplaire
Théâtre choisi (1963) 1 exemplaire
Electra Enlutada 1 exemplaire
O'Neill drámák 2. 1 exemplaire
Days Without End (2010) 1 exemplaire
The Fountain 1 exemplaire
The Iceman Cometh 1 exemplaire
Lost Plays of Eugene O'Neill (1958) 1 exemplaire
Coup de théâtre 1 exemplaire
Los Demonios 1 exemplaire
In The Zone; Ile (2005) 1 exemplaire
Oltre l'orizzonte 1 exemplaire
Fermenti 1 exemplaire
Plays 1 exemplaire
Rijkemanshuis (1994) 1 exemplaire
Nueve dramas; Vol. I 1 exemplaire
Fog 1 exemplaire
The Dreamy Kid 1 exemplaire
Collected Plays 1 exemplaire
Complete Works Vol. 2 1 exemplaire
Le opere 1 exemplaire
Il castoro 1 exemplaire
Négy dráma 1 exemplaire
TRAANIA 1 exemplaire
VAARAVYÖHYKKEESSÄ 1 exemplaire
Théâtre choisi 1 exemplaire
Homecoming 1 exemplaire
Opere 1 exemplaire
The Movie Man (2014) 1 exemplaire
The Sniper (2014) 1 exemplaire
A Wife For A Life 1 exemplaire
Drámák (1974) 1 exemplaire
The Long Voyage Home (1952) 1 exemplaire
Più grandi dimore 1 exemplaire
Beyond the Horizon (2015) 1 exemplaire
Four Plays by Eugene O'Neill (2009) 1 exemplaire
Four Plays (2020) 1 exemplaire
Two one-act plays (1980) 1 exemplaire
Antes del desayuno 1 exemplaire
Dr (1974) 1 exemplaire
Quatro peças 1 exemplaire
Three Plays By O'NEILL, EUGENE (1958) 1 exemplaire
Beyond the Horizon (2015) 1 exemplaire
The Great God Brown (1926) 1 exemplaire

Oeuvres associées

The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader (1994) — Contributeur — 407 exemplaires
Eight Great Tragedies (1957) — Contributeur — 388 exemplaires
24 Favorite One Act Plays (1958) — Contributeur — 285 exemplaires
Six Modern American Plays (1951) — Contributeur — 273 exemplaires
This Is My Best (1942) — Contributeur — 188 exemplaires
Nobel Prize Library: Faulkner, O'Neill, Steinbeck (1971) — Auteur — 185 exemplaires
Sixteen Famous American Plays (1777) — Playwright — 185 exemplaires
Masterpieces of the Drama (1966) — Contributeur — 180 exemplaires
Famous American Plays of the 1920s (1959) — Contributeur — 139 exemplaires
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (1943) — Contributeur — 111 exemplaires
Four Modern Plays (First Series) (1944) — Contributeur — 93 exemplaires
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (1959) — Contributeur — 70 exemplaires
Best American Plays: Third Series, 1945-1951 (1952) — Contributeur — 69 exemplaires
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contributeur — 68 exemplaires
The Theatre Guild Anthology (1936) — Contributeur — 62 exemplaires
Modern and Contemporary Drama (1958) — Contributeur — 43 exemplaires
Best American Plays: Fourth Series, 1951-1957 (1958) — Contributeur — 43 exemplaires
Best American Plays: Fifth Series, 1957-1963 (1952) — Contributeur — 43 exemplaires
A Quarto of Modern Literature (1935) — Contributeur — 39 exemplaires
Ten Great One Act Plays (1968) — Contributeur — 36 exemplaires
Twenty One-Act Plays: An Anthology for Amateur Performing Groups (1978) — Contributeur — 36 exemplaires
50 Best Plays of the American Theatre [4-volume set] (1969) — Contributeur — 33 exemplaires
A Treasury of the Theatre: From Henrik Ibsen to Eugène Ionesco (1960) — Contributeur — 32 exemplaires
14 great plays (1977) — Contributeur — 31 exemplaires
Monologues Women: 50 Speeches from the Contemporary Theatre (v. 1) (1976) — Contributeur — 30 exemplaires
Nine Great Plays: From Aeschylus to Eliot (Revised Edition) (1950) — Contributeur — 26 exemplaires
Anna Christie [1930 film] (2005) — Original play — 24 exemplaires
World's Great Plays (1944) — Contributeur — 22 exemplaires
Best American Plays: 6th Series, 1963-1967 (1971) — Contributeur — 19 exemplaires
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (2010) — Contributeur — 18 exemplaires
New Girl in Town (1958) — Original play Anna Christie — 18 exemplaires
Anathema!: Litanies of Negation (1928) — Introduction, quelques éditions17 exemplaires
The Long Voyage Home (1940) — Original play — 17 exemplaires
Contemporary Drama: European, English and Irish, American Plays (1941) — Contributeur — 17 exemplaires
Contemporary Drama: Nine Plays, American, English, European, (1941) — Contributeur — 13 exemplaires
MacBeth and the Emperor Jones (1935) — Contributeur — 12 exemplaires
The Iceman Cometh [1973 film] (2003) — Original play — 9 exemplaires
Five Modern Plays (1987) — Auteur — 6 exemplaires
Contemporary Drama American Plays II (1938) — Contributeur — 4 exemplaires
American Plays (1935) — Contributeur — 2 exemplaires
50 Best Plays of the American Theatre, Volume 1 — Contributeur — 2 exemplaires
Ah, Wilderness! [1976 TV episode] (2001) — Original play — 2 exemplaires
The Iceman Cometh [1960 film] (1960) — Original play — 2 exemplaires
Teatru American Contemporan vol. 1 — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
The American Spectator : A Literary Newspaper, Vol. 1 No. 3 — Directeur de publication — 1 exemplaire
The Ethnic Image in Modern American Literature, 1900-1950 (1984) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
The American Spectator : A Literary Newspaper, Vol. 1 No. 4 — Directeur de publication — 1 exemplaire
Five Modern Plays (1950) — Auteur — 1 exemplaire
The American Spectator : A Literary Newspaper, Vol. 1 No. 5 — Directeur de publication — 1 exemplaire
The American Spectator : A Literary Newspaper, Vol. 1 No. 6 — Directeur de publication — 1 exemplaire
Nobel Prize Library Faulkner, O'Neill, Steinbeck — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
The American Spectator : A Literary Newspaper, Vol. 1 No. 7 — Directeur de publication — 1 exemplaire

Étiqueté

Partage des connaissances

Nom canonique
O'Neill, Eugene
Nom légal
O'Neill, Eugene Gladstone
Date de naissance
1888-10-16
Date de décès
1953-11-27
Lieu de sépulture
Forest Hills Cemetery, Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Sexe
male
Nationalité
USA
Lieu de naissance
New York, New York, USA
Lieu du décès
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Cause du décès
cerebellar cortical atrophy, a rare form of brain deterioration
Lieux de résidence
Monte Cristo Cottage, New London, Connecticut, USA
Château du Plessis, St. Antoine-du-Rocher, Indre-et-Loire, France
Casa Genotta, Sea Island, Georgia, USA
Tao House, Danville, California, USA
Études
St. Aloysius Academy for Boys
Princeton University
Harvard University
Professions
playwright
poet
reporter
actor
assistant stage manager
prospector (tout afficher 9)
sailor
secretary
editor
Relations
O'Neill, Eugene, Jr. (son)
O'Neill, Shane (son)
Boulton, Agnes (wife)
Bryant, Louise (girlfriend)
Baker, George Pierce (teacher)
Strindberg, August (friend) (tout afficher 8)
Reed, John (friend)
Chaplin, Geraldine (grand daughter)
Organisations
National Institute of Arts and Letters
The Lambs
Dramatists Guild
Authors League of America
Provincetown Players (co-manager)
New London Telegraph (reporter) (tout afficher 8)
Marine Transport Workers Union of the Industrial Workers of the World
American Spectator (associate editor and contributor)
Prix et distinctions
Nobel Prize (Literature ∙ 1936)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (1923)
American Philosophical Society (1935)
American Theater Hall of Fame (1972)
Gold Medal, National Institute of Arts and Letters (1923)
Pulitzer Prize (1920, 1922, 1928, 1957) (tout afficher 14)
Tony Award (1957)
Irish Academy of Letters (1932)
National Historic Landmark (Monte Cristo Cottage)(1971)
Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site (Tao House)(1976)
Eugene O'Neill Theatre, New York (1959)
Eugene O'Neill Theater Center, Waterford, Connecticut (1964)
Litt.D., Yale University (1923)
United States Postal Service stamp (1967)

Membres

Critiques

#555 in our old book database. Not rated.
 
Signalé
villemezbrown | 36 autres critiques | Apr 16, 2024 |
#415 in our old book database. Not rated.
 
Signalé
villemezbrown | Mar 23, 2024 |
Tragic, just like I was looking for, but I'm just not into romantic tragedies.
 
Signalé
stargazerfish0 | Jan 13, 2024 |
"Cuando en 1940 el dramaturgo Eugene O’Neill perdió a su perro Blemie, decidió escribir este breve texto con el fin de encontrar consuelo para él y su esposa. En forma de testamento y últimas voluntades, O’Neill imagina los recuerdos y pensamientos de su fiel amigo en sus últimos días, desde los que ve venir la muerte con dignidad y serenidad, solo preocupado por cómo afectará a sus amos".
 
Signalé
Perroteca | Jan 1, 2024 |

Listes

1930s (1)
1950s (1)

Prix et récompenses

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Statistiques

Œuvres
349
Aussi par
58
Membres
11,855
Popularité
#1,980
Évaluation
3.8
Critiques
117
ISBN
438
Langues
17
Favoris
24

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