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Malcolm X (1925–1965)

Auteur de L'Autobiographie de Malcolm X

41+ oeuvres 11,581 utilisateurs 140 critiques 14 Favoris

A propos de l'auteur

Born in Omaha, Nebraska, and the son of a Baptist minister, Malcolm Little grew up with violence. Whites killed several members of his family, including his father. As a youngster, he went to live with a sister in Boston where he started a career of crime that he continued in New York's Harlem as a afficher plus drug peddler and pimp. While serving a prison term for burglary in 1952, he converted to Islam and undertook an intensive program of study and self-improvement, movingly detailed in "Autobiography of Malcolm X." He wrote constantly to Elijah Muhammad (Elijah Poole, 1897--1975), head of the black separatist Nation of Islam, which already claimed the loyalty of several of his brothers and sisters. Upon release from prison, Little went to Detroit, met with Elijah Muhammad, and dropped the last name Little, adopting X to symbolize the unknown African name his ancestors had been robbed of when they were enslaved. Soon he was actively speaking and organizing as a Muslim minister. In his angry and articulate preaching, he condemned white America for its treatment of blacks, denounced the integration movement as black self-delusion, and advocated black control of black communities. During the turbulent 1960's, he was seen as inflammatory and dangerous. In 1963, a storm broke out when he called President Kennedy's assassination a case of "chickens coming home to roost," meaning that white violence, long directed against blacks, had now turned on itself. The statement was received with fury, and Elijah Muhammad denounced him publicly. Shocked and already disillusioned with the leader because of his reputed involvement with several women, Malcolm X went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and then traveled to several African countries, where he was received as a fellow Muslim. When he returned home, he was bearing a new message: Islam is a religion that welcomes and unites people of all races in the Oneness of Allah. On the night of February 21, 1965, as he was preaching at Harlem's Audubon Ballroom, he was assassinated. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: Malcolm K. Little / Malcolm X in the last months of his life.

Séries

Œuvres de Malcolm X

L'Autobiographie de Malcolm X (1965) 9,861 exemplaires
Le pouvoir noir (1965) 583 exemplaires
By Any Means Necessary (1970) 236 exemplaires
Malcolm X, ultimes discours (1989) 229 exemplaires
Malcolm X (Keepcase) (1992) — Book — 169 exemplaires
Malcolm X on Afro-American History (1967) 105 exemplaires
Malcolm X Talks to Young People (1965) 82 exemplaires
Malcolm X: Speeches at Harvard (1968) 66 exemplaires
The Diary of Malcolm X (2013) — Auteur — 18 exemplaires
A Malcolm X Reader (1994) 15 exemplaires
Two Speeches by Malcolm X (1966) 14 exemplaires
Malcolm X Speaks Out (1992) 6 exemplaires
The Ballot or the Bullet (2018) 2 exemplaires
A Choice of Two Roads [sound recording] — Interviewee — 2 exemplaires
The Autobiography 1 exemplaire
O Islamismo na América (1995) 1 exemplaire
Malcolm X Quotes 1 exemplaire
The wisdom of Malcolm X (1970) 1 exemplaire

Oeuvres associées

The Portable Sixties Reader (2002) — Contributeur — 330 exemplaires
Modern American Memoirs (1995) — Contributeur — 190 exemplaires
Let Nobody Turn Us Around: An African American Anthology (1999) — Contributeur — 151 exemplaires
Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America (1995) — Contributeur — 91 exemplaires
The Black Power Revolt (1968) — Contributeur — 73 exemplaires
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Contributeur — 69 exemplaires
Hokum: An Anthology of African-American Humor (2006) — Contributeur — 66 exemplaires
I Hear a Symphony: African Americans Celebrate Love (1994) — Contributeur — 33 exemplaires
The Penguin Book of Twentieth-Century Protest (1998) — Contributeur — 31 exemplaires
Playboy Magazine | May 1963 (1963) — Contributeur — 3 exemplaires

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> Sanvoisin Jean. Malcolm X ; Daniel Guérin (introd.), L'autobiographie de Malcolm X, Paris, Grasset, 1966.
In: L'Homme et la société, N. 2, 1966. pp. 187-188. … ; (en ligne),
URL : https://www.persee.fr/doc/homso_0018-4306_1966_num_2_1_984
 
Signalé
Joop-le-philosophe | 123 autres critiques | Feb 18, 2019 |
C'est un petit livre contenant deux discours sur les droits civiques des Noirs aux Etats-Unis, à savoir un discours de [[Malcolm X]] intitulé "Le Vote ou le Fusil" et un autre de [[John Fitzgerald Kennedy]], antérieur, intitulé quant à lui "Nous formons un seul et même pays". Deux visions très différentes pour une même opinion sur la quête des doits civiques. Deux discours puissants, forts, viscéraux. Malcolm X se lance dans un combat définitif, JFK essaie de changer la loi mais aussi la mentalité du moindre de ses compatriotes.
Dans mon opinion, ces textes n'ont rien perdu et sont toujours aussi importants. Cette collection de discours chez Points ne m'a jamais déçu : on connaît tous une phrase célèbre de l'un ou l'autre discours, mais peu les ont lus en entier, alors que ça vaut vraiment le détour.
… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
greuh | Jun 23, 2011 |

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Œuvres
41
Aussi par
12
Membres
11,581
Popularité
#2,031
Évaluation
½ 4.3
Critiques
140
ISBN
153
Langues
16
Favoris
14

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