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Un lointain miroir, le XIVe siècle des calamités (1978)

par Barbara Tuchman

Autres auteurs: Voir la section autres auteur(e)s.

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6,3761061,205 (4.15)258
The fourteenth century reflects two contradictory images: on the one hand, a glittering time of crusades and castles, cathedrals and chivalry, and the exquisitely decorated "Books of hours"; and on the other, a time of ferocity and spiritual agony, a world of chaos and the plague. Barbara Tuchman reveals both the great rhythms of history and the grain and texture of domestic life as it was lived. Here are the guilty passions, loyalties and treacheries, political assassinations, sea battles and sieges, corruption in high places and a yearning for reform, satire and humor, sorcery and demonology, and lust and sadism on the stage. Here are proud cardinals, beggars, feminists, university scholars, grocers, bankers, mercenaries, mystics, lawyers and tax collectors, and, dominating all, the knight in his valor and "furious follies," a "terrible worm in an iron cocoon."… (plus d'informations)
Récemment ajouté parTonyDib, bibliothèque privée, BillieSchoeler, uslairdforce, Vendola, ecb06c, yorkpf, SteveJeffery, marssaxman, Salvor_Hardin
Bibliothèques historiquesTerence Kemp McKenna, Nelson Algren
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» Voir aussi les 258 mentions

Anglais (95)  Néerlandais (5)  Espagnol (2)  Allemand (1)  Suédois (1)  Islandais (1)  Hébreu (1)  Toutes les langues (106)
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Tapestries decorated the castles and halls of royalty and noble throughout the medieval period. They were stunning examples of textile art that instructed, entertained, and warmed those around them.
Similarly, Barbara Tuchman took the various people and events of Europe throughout the 14th century to do the same for us. While her focus is on France, she must weave plotlines from England, Italy, Spain, Germany, Hungary, and the Middle East to tell the story because they were all intertwined.

Her early description of the period of which she writes, “a violent, tormented, bewildered, suffering and disintegrating age, a time, as many thought, of Satan triumphant,” could describe our time as well. Despite her warning, I was unprepared for the extent of violence and disregard for life in general that defined the period.

The Black Death and official corruption caused suffering everywhere. The common people were used and abused to provide luxury and excesses for the rich. The church was more interested in money than souls. Protests were brutally suppressed. And no one, it seemed, especially the ruling classes, felt any compunction to honor their agreements. It seems we’ve learned little.
But the experience of reading the densely-packed narrative felt quite a bit like following the threads of a tapestry. You had to look at minute details to step back and appreciate the whole.

In my estimation, it is a masterpiece of historical instruction and entertainment. Tuchman ties up loose ends by examining the period that followed it. She muses how the modern era arose like grass from the societal cracks and rifts in the medieval period. ( )
  Library_Lin | Oct 21, 2021 |
This book was a great read. I borrowed it from my grandmother, and it almost felt like an apt read for our current situation. All the chaos that happened around the same time as the Black Death - although not necessarily causation - definitely have some correlations. It was a great narrative, and I liked the approach Tuchman took to tell the story of the 14th century. ( )
  historybookreads | Jul 26, 2021 |
Este libro estaba en la biblioteca de la casa de mis papás. No se como llegó ahí pero estaba en una edición en castellano del Fondo de Cultura Económica. De chico me gustaba su tapa, que era una reproducción de una batalla medieval.

Más grande lo leí. Y me encantó.

Bárbara Tuchman quiso escribir una libro sobre la historia del Siglo XIV que en su opinión, y la de muchos, fue un siglo que probaba - como su propio siglo XX-, que la humanidad no está en un camino de progreso con altibajos pero progreso en sí. En Europa, al menos, el Siglo XIV fue una tragedia de guerras, plagas, cismas y empobrecimiento general. No fue un pequeño retroceso en la siempre ascendente historia humana: fue una catástrofe que prueba que no existe tal progreso.

Para la contar esta historia Tuchman eligió un método novedoso, al menos para mi: eligió un noble francés de esa época que tuvo la virtud, o la suerte, de estar presente en buena parte de los acontecimientos de esos años. Gracias a este recurso la historia se vuelve más viva. Y también, gracias a este libro, un chico de Tucumán supo que hace unos 600 años vivió un hombre llamado Engerrand VII, señor de Coucy y Conde de Soisssons.

Nunca la historia está tan viva como cuando nos damos cuenta que la gente de entonces eran seres como nosotros y que somos nosotros, que también seremos olvidados, quienes con poco o con mucho estamos escribiendo la historia de nuestros días ( )
  Pindarix | Jul 15, 2021 |


Tough but worth it ( )
1 voter SamanthaD-KR | Jun 10, 2021 |
I am always amazed at people who don't seem to enjoy or understand the relevance of history. Trying to understand the present without a knowledge of the past is like trying to figure out what's wrong with a clock by examining its face. It's like being a leaf that doesn't know it's part of a tree.

In Tuchman's comprehensive look at 14th century Europe, we see the beginnings of our modern market economy, the notion of romantic love, trade unions, urbanization, nationalism, anti-semitism (portents of the Holocaust), ideas of chivalry in warfare being torn down by advances in technology, and on and on. I found this book to be endlessly fascinating, told in a lively and engaging manner.

The title, A Distant Mirror, refers to our own calamitous 20th century, with its own ongoing wars, revolutions, genocides, famines, and plagues. While our 20th-century descents into madness were more efficiently devastating, Europe in the 14th century was an everyday kind of madness. Reading this sort of history makes me believe in an evolution of human civilization (distinct from human evolution, which I believe happens on a much longer timeline). Despite the sometimes eerie similarities between the 1300s and 1900s, I would still argue that this book will give you a new perspective on just how far we've come. ( )
  alexlubertozzi | May 24, 2021 |
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» Ajouter d'autres auteur(e)s (18 possibles)

Nom de l'auteur(e)RôleType d'auteurŒuvre ?Statut
Tuchman, Barbaraauteur(e) principal(e)toutes les éditionsconfirmé
May, NadiaNarrateurauteur secondairequelques éditionsconfirmé
Sliedrecht-Smit, J.C.Traducteurauteur secondairequelques éditionsconfirmé
Spaans-van der Bijl, J.Traducteurauteur secondairequelques éditionsconfirmé
Vries, S. deDirecteur de publicationauteur secondairequelques éditionsconfirmé
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" For mankind is ever the same and nothing is lost out of nature, though everything is altered. "

John Dryden
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The genesis of this book was a desire to find out what were the effects on society of the most lethal disaster of recorded history-that is to say, of the Black Death of 1348-50, which killed an estimated one third of the population living between India and Iceland.
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The fourteenth century reflects two contradictory images: on the one hand, a glittering time of crusades and castles, cathedrals and chivalry, and the exquisitely decorated "Books of hours"; and on the other, a time of ferocity and spiritual agony, a world of chaos and the plague. Barbara Tuchman reveals both the great rhythms of history and the grain and texture of domestic life as it was lived. Here are the guilty passions, loyalties and treacheries, political assassinations, sea battles and sieges, corruption in high places and a yearning for reform, satire and humor, sorcery and demonology, and lust and sadism on the stage. Here are proud cardinals, beggars, feminists, university scholars, grocers, bankers, mercenaries, mystics, lawyers and tax collectors, and, dominating all, the knight in his valor and "furious follies," a "terrible worm in an iron cocoon."

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