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Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797)

Auteur de Défense des droits de la femme

65+ oeuvres 6,910 utilisateurs 59 critiques 15 Favoris

A propos de l'auteur

Mary Wollstonecraft was born in London on April 27, 1759. She opened a school in Newington Green with her sister Eliza and a friend Fanny Blood in 1784. Her experiences lead her to attack traditional teaching methods and suggested new topics of study in Thoughts on the Education of Girls. In 1792, afficher plus she published A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, in which she attacked the educational restrictions that kept women ignorant and dependant on men as well as describing marriage as legal prostitution. In Maria or the Wrongs of Woman, published unfinished in 1798, she asserted that women had strong sexual desires and that it was degrading and immoral to pretend otherwise. In 1793, Wollstonecraft became involved with American writer Gilbert Imlay and had a daughter named Fanny. After this relationship ended, she married William Godwin in March 1797 and had a daughter named Mary in August. Wollstonecraft died from complications following childbirth on September 10, 1797. Her daughter Mary later married Percy Bysshe Shelley and wrote Frankenstein. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Notice de désambiguation :

(eng) Do not confuse Mary Wollstonecraft with her daughter, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley.

Œuvres de Mary Wollstonecraft

Défense des droits de la femme (1792) 4,008 exemplaires, 31 critiques
Mary and The Wrongs of Woman (1788) — Auteur — 372 exemplaires, 1 critique
Maria or the Wrongs of Woman (1975) 321 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Mary and Maria and Matilda (1992) 216 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark (1976) 206 exemplaires, 3 critiques
The Collected Letters of Mary Wollstonecraft (1979) 61 exemplaires, 1 critique
The Rights of Woman (Phoenix 60p paperbacks) (1792) 54 exemplaires, 1 critique
A Vindication of the Rights of Men (1975) 41 exemplaires
A Wollstonecraft Anthology (1977) 26 exemplaires
Thoughts on the Education of Daughters (1787) 18 exemplaires, 2 critiques
Mary (1983) 16 exemplaires
Anthology (1989) 4 exemplaires
The Female Reader (1980) 4 exemplaires
The Rights of Women 2 exemplaires
Women's Liberation and Literature (1971) 2 exemplaires
The Great Change 1 exemplaire
Original Stories (2019) 1 exemplaire
La educación de las hijas (2022) 1 exemplaire

Oeuvres associées

The Essential Feminist Reader (2007) — Contributeur — 323 exemplaires, 3 critiques
The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 4th Edition, Volume 2 (1979) — Contributeur — 251 exemplaires
Maiden Voyages: Writings of Women Travelers (1993) — Contributeur — 192 exemplaires, 1 critique
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Auteur, quelques éditions191 exemplaires
Love Letters (1996) — Contributeur — 187 exemplaires, 1 critique
Erotica: Women's Writing from Sappho to Margaret Atwood (1990) — Contributeur — 168 exemplaires
Choice Words: Writers on Abortion (2020) — Contributeur — 75 exemplaires
Charlotte Temple [Norton Critical Edition] (2010) — Contributeur — 42 exemplaires, 4 critiques
The Other Eighteenth Century: English Women of Letters, 1660-1800 (1991) — Contributeur — 32 exemplaires
Women in the Eighteenth Century: Constructions of Femininity (1990) — Contributeur — 32 exemplaires
Eighteenth Century Women: An Anthology (1984) — Contributeur — 23 exemplaires, 1 critique
Great English Short Stories (1930) — Contributeur — 20 exemplaires, 1 critique
Masters of British Literature, Volume B (2007) — Contributeur — 17 exemplaires
Englische Essays aus drei Jahrhunderten (1980) — Contributeur — 10 exemplaires
To You With Love: A Treasury of Great Romantic Literature (1969) — Contributeur — 2 exemplaires
Explorers of the Infinite (1963) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire
70 Greatest Love Stories in Fiction: Historical Novels Edition (2021) — Contributeur — 1 exemplaire


Partage des connaissances

Autres noms
Wollstonecraft Godwin, Mary
Godwin, Mary
Lieu de sépulture
St Pancras Old Church, London
Pays (pour la carte)
England, UK
Lieu de naissance
Spitalfields, Londres, Angleterre, Royaume-Uni
Lieu du décès
Londres, Angleterre, Royaume-Uni
Cause du décès
childbed fever
Traductrice (Français, Anglais)
Godwin, William (Epoux)
Shelley, Mary (Fille)
Imlay, Gilbert (Amant)
Courte biographie
Mary Wollstonecraft was the pioneering English philosopher, writer and feminist best known for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792).
Notice de désambigüisation
Do not confuse Mary Wollstonecraft with her daughter, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley.



Not exactly light reading, this first 'feminist' writing in history. Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) wrote this long essay in 1792 in a style and terminology that is not always easily accessible to us, and that is logical, due to the more than 2 centuries that separate her from us. The line of argument is at times very forceful, it often deviates from the proposed route, and it involves quite a bit of repetition.
But of course Wollstonecraft's fiery combativeness is very recognizable. There is particular indignation at the inferior fate of women in her time, at the derogatory attitude of men towards women, and at the wrong attitude of women themselves who cultivate their own weakness. The writing testifies to an independent, critical mind with a sharp pen.
Her plea is primarily one for an at least equal education of women, so that they can judge and act for themselves through the use of reason. Reason and education are typical themes of the Enlightenment, of which Wollstonecraft is definitely an epigone. The reason for this writing was the developments in the French Revolution, which was then just in its first phase and which aroused enormous expectations worldwide; Wollstonecraft was certainly among the supporters of the radical changes in France, but she was particularly disappointed by a proposed educational reform in which it was not considered necessary to include women; and that was the direct occasion for her essay.
It has been written several times: Wollstonecraft does not argue for the absolute equality of men and women. She repeatedly emphasizes the differences between the sexes and in some passages she even suggests that male dominance may be willed by God and therefore inevitable. Does that detract from her feminism? I don't think so, because the common thread in this essay is clearly the plea for equality (in virtue), although it also contains arguments for political, social and economic independence.
Two things that really struck me besides the feminist theme. The constant (and justified) attacks against Jean-Jacques Rousseau who believed that women should not receive a proper education at all (I still don't understand the pedagogues' infatuation with Rousseau). And especially the very fierce attacks against monarchy and despotism. This Vindication and other writings by Wollstonecraft are known as striking expressions of republicanism.
… (plus d'informations)
bookomaniac | 2 autres critiques | Jul 9, 2024 |
fogus | 1 autre critique | Jun 19, 2024 |
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman was originally published in 1792. Nearly 180 years later when Source Book Press republished it, women were still clamoring for those rights. Title IX of the Education Amendments wasn't even a thing until 1972. Think about that for just one second. In 1792 Wollstonecraft was demanding justice for her half of the human race as loudly as she could. Hers was a plea for all womenkind and not a singular selfish act of only thinking of herself. She argued that reason, virtue, and knowledge were the keys to a successful life regardless of your sex. However, the notion that physical strength promotes power indicates a man's authority over a weaker woman exists even today. To put it crudely, inequality among the sexes is still a thing. To be sentimental is to be silly.
Wollstonecraft was not afraid to challenge her readers, asking us what does it mean to be respectable? To have virtue? To be a woman of quality? Are these traits euphemisms for weakness? She addresses the assumption that women are designed to feel before applying reason. Maybe that is why men are trained to never argue with a woman in public (she might become irrational) or allow a woman to exert physical strength (unseemly). Most of Wollstonecraft's arguments are disguised as philosophical and moral conversations with Rousseau.
… (plus d'informations)
SeriousGrace | 30 autres critiques | Apr 13, 2024 |
A moderately diverting combination of travelogue, philosophical reflections, and rhapsodic bits of lyrical prose.
judeprufrock | 2 autres critiques | Jul 4, 2023 |


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