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Alexander Hamilton (1) (1755–1804)

Auteur de Fédéraliste

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122+ oeuvres 11,947 utilisateurs 76 critiques 10 Favoris

A propos de l'auteur

Alexander Hamilton was born on January 11, 1757 on the West Indian Island of Nevis. His mother died in 1769, around the same time his father went bankrupt. Hamilton joined a counting house in St. Croix where he excelled at accounting. From 1772 until 1774, he attended a grammar school in afficher plus Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and went on to study at King's College. Hamilton entered the Revolutionary movement in 1774 at a public gathering in New York City with a speech urging the calling of a general meeting of the colonies. That same year, he anonymously wrote two pamphlets entitled, A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress from the Calumnies of Their Enemies and The Farmer Refuted. When the Revolutionary War began, Hamilton joined the army and became a Captain of artillery, where he served with distinction in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, Trenton and Princeton. He was introduced to George Washington by General Nathaniel Greene with a recommendation for advancement. Washington made Hamilton his aide-de-camp and personal secretary. He resigned in 1781 after a dispute with the General, but remained in the army and commanded a New York regiment of light infantry in the Battle of Yorktown. Hamilton left the army at the end of the war, and began studying law in Albany, New York. He served in the Continental Congress in 1782-83, before returning to practice law, becoming one of the most prominent lawyers in New York City. In 1786, Hamilton participated in the Annapolis Convention and drafted the resolution that led to assembling the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He then helped to secure the ratification of the Constitution of New York with the help of John Jay and James Madison, who together wrote the collection of 85 essays which would become known as The Federalist. Hamilton wrote at least 51 of the essays. In 1789, Washington appointed him the first Secretary of the Treasury, a position at which he excelled at and gained a vast influence in domestic and foreign issues, having convinced Washington to adopt a neutral policy when war broke out in Europe in 1793. In 1794, Hamilton wrote the instructions for a diplomatic mission which would lead to the signing of Jay's Treaty. He returned to his law practice in 1795. President John Adams appointed Hamilton Inspector General of the Army at the urging of Washington. He was very much involved with the politics of the country though, and focused his attentions on the presidential race of 1800. Hamilton did not like Aaron Burr and went out of his way to make sure that he did not attain a nomination. Similarly, when Burr ran for mayor of New York, Hamilton set about to ruin his chances for that position as well. Burr provoked an argument with Hamilton to force him to duel. Hamilton accepted and the two met on July 11, 1804 at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton was shot and mortally wounded and died on July 12, 1804. (Bowker Author Biography) afficher moins
Crédit image: Via Wikimedia Commons

Œuvres de Alexander Hamilton

Fédéraliste (1787) 10,136 exemplaires, 68 critiques
Alexander Hamilton: Writings (2001) 435 exemplaires
The Essential Hamilton: Letters & Other Writings (2017) — Auteur — 71 exemplaires
The Basic Ideas of Alexander Hamilton (1957) 64 exemplaires, 2 critiques
The Federalist Papers (Selections) (1965) 18 exemplaires, 1 critique
The Reports of Alexander Hamilton (1964) 14 exemplaires
The papers of Alexander Hamilton (1974) 10 exemplaires, 1 critique
The Federalist Papers (Library Edition) (2005) 7 exemplaires, 1 critique
The U.S. Constitution (2005) 2 exemplaires
The Mind Of Alexander Hamilton (1958) 2 exemplaires
Le Fédéraliste 1 exemplaire
Paul Rever's Ride 1 exemplaire, 1 critique

Oeuvres associées

The Declaration of Independence and The Constitution of the United States (1776)quelques éditions1,937 exemplaires, 14 critiques
The Debate on the Constitution, Part One: September 1787 to February 1788 (1993) — Contributeur — 856 exemplaires, 4 critiques
American Historical Documents (1910) — Contributeur — 773 exemplaires, 2 critiques
The Debate on the Constitution, Part Two: January 1788 to August 1788 (1993) — Contributeur — 698 exemplaires, 2 critiques
The American Revolution, Writings from the War of Independence (2001) — Contributeur — 653 exemplaires, 4 critiques
American Government: Readings and Cases (1977) — Contributeur, quelques éditions248 exemplaires, 2 critiques
The Portable Conservative Reader (1982) — Contributeur — 212 exemplaires, 1 critique
Love Letters (1996) — Contributeur — 186 exemplaires, 1 critique
The Origins of the American Constitution (1986) — Contributeur — 180 exemplaires, 2 critiques
American Heritage: A Reader (2011) — Contributeur — 84 exemplaires

Étiqueté

Partage des connaissances

Nom légal
Hamilton, Alexander
Date de naissance
1755-01-11
1757-01-11
Date de décès
1804-07-12
Lieu de sépulture
Trinity Church Cemetery, New York, New York, USA
Sexe
male
Nationalité
Saint Kitts and Nevis (birth)
USA
Pays (pour la carte)
USA
Lieu de naissance
Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Lieu du décès
New York, New York, USA
Cause du décès
killed in duel
Lieux de résidence
New York, New York, USA
Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Christiansted, Virgin Islands, USA
Elizabethtown, New Jersey, USA
Études
King's College
Columbia College (MA|1788)
Professions
United States Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795)
soldier (officer)
lawyer
clerk
politican
writer
Relations
Burr, Aaron (killed in duel)
Hamilton, James A. (son)
Hamilton, John C. (son)
Hamilton, Elizabeth Schuyler (wife)
Organisations
U.S. Treasury
State Bar of New York (1782)
United States Congress
Bank of New York
Assemblyman, New York State Legislature
Prix et distinctions
American Philosophical Society (1791)
Courte biographie
Alexander Hamilton was born on the island of Nevis in the British West Indies. His parents, a married Frenchwoman and a Scottish trader, lived together for a while after Hamilton was born. When Hamilton was a small child, his father abandoned the family, leaving them in poverty. He got his first job at age 11 as a clerk in an accounting firm. His employer, thinking Hamilton a promising boy, sent him to the British colony of America for an education when he was 15. In 1773, he arrived alone in New York City and enrolled in King's College (later Columbia University). He wrote his first political article to defend the cause of American self-rule from the British. He dropped out of school before graduating at the start of the Revolutionary War. He joined the New York militia and fought in the battles of Long Island, White Plains and Trenton.

In 1777, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Continental Army. During his early service in the army, he caught the attention of General George Washington, who made Hamilton his chief aide and adviser. Around this time, he married Elizabeth Schuyler, from an affluent New York family.
After studying law and passing the bar exam, in 1783 he set up a law practice in New York City. Hamilton believed that the Articles of Confederation, the new USA's first, informal constitution, was inadequate, and that a strong central government was the key to achieving true independence and freedom. In 1787, he served as a New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention; although he did not have a large role in writing the Constitution, he heavily influenced its eventual ratification by writing 51 of 85 persuasive essays in its favor under the collective title The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers), along with James Madison and John Jay. After George Washington was elected president of the USA in 1789, he appointed Hamilton as the first Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton stepped down in 1795, after helping establish a more centralized federal government and a stronger economy, but remained active in public and political affairs. It was in an argument over politics that Vice President Aaron Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel and killed him.

Membres

Discussions

Alexander Hamilton à Legacy Libraries (Avril 2016)

Critiques

85 essays on the proposed new Constitution of the United States and on the nature of republican government, published between 1787 and 1788 by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay in an effort to persuade New York state voters to support ratification.

A masterly defense of the new federal system and of the major departments in the proposed central government. It argued that the existing government under the Articles of Confederation, the country’s first constitution, was defective and that the proposed Constitution would remedy its weaknesses without endangering the liberties of the people.

As a general treatise on republican government, the Federalist papers are distinguished for their comprehensive analysis of the means by which the ideals of justice, the general welfare, and the rights of individuals could be realized. The authors assumed that people’s primary political motive is self-interest and that people—whether acting individually or collectively—are selfish and only imperfectly rational. The establishment of a republican form of government would not of itself provide protection against such characteristics: the representatives of the people might betray their trust; one segment of the population might oppress another; and both the representatives and the public might give way to passion or caprice. The possibility of good government, they argued, lay in the crafting of political institutions that would compensate for deficiencies in both reason and virtue in the ordinary conduct of politics. This theme was predominant in late 18th-century political thought in America and accounts in part for the elaborate system of checks and balances that was devised in the Constitution.

The authors of the Federalist papers argued against the decentralization of political authority under the Articles of Confederation. They worried, for example, that national commercial interests suffered from intransigent economic conflicts between states and that federal weakness undermined American diplomatic efforts abroad. Broadly, they argued that the government’s impotence under the Articles of Confederation obstructed America’s emergence as a powerful commercial empire.
… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
Marcos-Augusto | 67 autres critiques | Jun 27, 2024 |
I had read excerpts and individual papers hitherto - this time I went cover to cover. Some of the papers got a bit windy (Madison, mostly) but overall there's a reason this is considered one of our founding documents. It's that thorough, that well reasoned and well written to justify it's place in history. I think what surprised me most was their prescience - the founders understood that regional differences would lead to civil war if not restrained, and did their level best to prevent it. And while they weren't successful in preventing it, their Constitution provided the framework for recovering from it. This is vital history in the raw.… (plus d'informations)
 
Signalé
dhaxton | 67 autres critiques | Mar 26, 2024 |
Just reread the arguments for adopting the new Constitution. I think every American citizen should read these essays -- along with the Anti-Federalist essays and the notes on the debates over the Constitution -- every now and again to remind ourselves of the genius of our system of government.
 
Signalé
bschweiger | 67 autres critiques | Feb 4, 2024 |
Several good chapters
 
Signalé
mike.stephenson | 67 autres critiques | Jan 12, 2024 |

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Statistiques

Œuvres
122
Aussi par
17
Membres
11,947
Popularité
#1,964
Évaluation
4.2
Critiques
76
ISBN
429
Langues
14
Favoris
10

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